5Not so long ago in Earth’s history, there were no humans. From the time the first humans appeared, it took thousands of years for the world population to reach 1 billion.
613 years to reach 5 billion people….. It then took just:100 years to reach 2 billion people…..23 years to reach 3 billion people…..21 years to reach 4 billion people…..and only13 years to reach 5 billion people…..
7Today there are well over 6 BILLION (6,000,000,000) PEOPLE
8Geography Matters! How has this happened? Why has this happened? What will happen next?Geography Matters!
9Our world is a living world. Every day it changes.Some of the changes are natural………..and some are caused by people.
10Natural forces are at work shaping our planet……… …..and tourists come long distances just to see a beautiful volcano glowing in the night sky.
11Elsewhere, millions of people choose to live and work in these dangerous locations. Why are they there?Geography Matters!
12We know the Earth used to be covered by millions of hectares of natural forest and grassland. Today, these are gone or rapidly disappearing…… does anyone care?Geography Matters!
13Geography Matters! These people know why! Many people wonder why geographers spend so much of their time trying to understand how rivers work……These peopleknow why!Geography Matters!
14Geography Matters! Some natural events are fortunately very rare……. …..in 2004, we remembered why we need to understand and plan for these rare natural events!!Geography Matters!
15On our beautiful but complex planet, everything that happens is linked to everything else. When we…..drop a piece of litterpour a chemical down the sinkchop down a treeburn coalbuild a motorwaycatch some fishfertilise the fieldsdrive to work or school
16Geography Matters! human actions! Natural changes are replaced by …..the planet knows.Natural changes are replaced bychanges caused by…..human actions!Geography Matters!
17Over six billion people living on Earth. Does everyone have the same basic services?The latest UN Human Development Report stated that:the world’s 500 richest people own more wealth than the world’s poorest 400 million!
18Geography Matters! Too much ? However, we know that it would take just £3 billion to provide clean water for the 50% of the world that don’t currently have it.Too much ?In Europe we spend more than that each year on perfume and after shave!!We could all help to change that situation…..Geography Matters!
19Some of the differences between groups of people around the world need to be better understood and respected…..…..it is the differences in appearance, language, clothing, food and culture that makes the world a fascinating place to learn about.
20Other differences may require our action….. ..… HELP, SUPPORT or more FAIRTRADE.We need to know and understand about these differences and what we can do as individuals and as a country to help make the world a better place for everyone.
21We need to be active and responsible citizens – every one of us! Geography Matters!
22When there were fewer humans around, people lived in the countryside and their whole lives had a clear focus on the land….…..but in 2007, a very important change happened.For the first time ever, over 50% of all human beings were living in towns and cities.
23Geography Matters! Life in the cities is very different. Sometimes it is better….Geography Matters!….often it is not!
24Change is also happening in our communities….. Is it getting better? Is it getting worse?The environment?Our hospitals?Our sports facilities?Our shopping facilities?Our housing?
25If you could identify and shape the future changes in your local area….. …..what would you change?Geography Matters!
26What about 12 billion people ??? At the global scale, does our planet have enough resources for 6 billion people?What about 9 billion people??What about 12 billion people ???Now is the time to ask some serious questions…..
2766% in the Middle East and only 2% in W. Europe. Where are those resources that we all need to live?<<< Oil for example[OIL = fuel, plastics, drugs, artificial fibres and much, much more]66% in the Middle East and only 2% in W. Europe.Is it important to know and understand this fact?
28? ? ? ? ? What will we do when all these resources are gone? How fast are we using our resources? When will they run out?Silver (needed for jewellery & catalytic converters) – 9 yearsAntimony (needed for drugs) – 13 yearsUranium (needed for power stations) – 19 yearsTantalum (needed for mobile phones & camera lenses) – 20 yearsCopper (needed for wire cables and coins) – 38 years? ? ? ? ?What will we do when all these resources are gone?
29Geography Matters! SUSTAINABLE living. Will there be enough of these resources to last your lifetime?Everyone needs to learn much more about …..SUSTAINABLE living.You can play your part by showing that…..Geography Matters!
30Geography is about the world we live in…..the ‘here and now’. Geography is about how the world is changing…..Geography is about your world and about my world…..Geography is about the future of our world.Geography Matters!
31How can anyone live without it? Geography Matters!