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©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Chapter 5 The Diverse World of First- Century Judaisms
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Key Topics/Themes The diversity of first-century Judaism Common beliefs of first-century Jews
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education First-century Jewish Diversity
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Sadducees Origins of the Sadducees The Sadducees and the Romans Characteristic beliefs of the Sadducees
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Pharisees Antagonism toward the Pharisees in the Gospels Strict Torah observance Hillel and Shammai Relationship between the views of Jesus and the Pharisees Gamaliel
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Academy of Jamnia The leadership of Yohanan ben Zakkai The development of Judaism at Jamnia
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Samaritans The origin of the Samaritans Hostility between Samaritans and Jews Relationships between Samaritans and early Christianity
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Essenes and the Dead Sea Scrolls Discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls The Essenes
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Qumran Community Origins of the Qumran community Beliefs of the Qumran Essenes
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Qumran Community (contd.) Contents of the Qumran library (Dead Sea Scrolls) –Books of the Hebrew Bible –Pseudepigraphical books –Commentaries on biblical books –Community documents Essenes and the New Testament
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Zealots Origins of the Zealot movement The role of the Zealots in the Jewish Revolt of 66 C.E.
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education The Messiah: First-century Expectations Jesus failure to meet Jewish messianic expectations Early Christian attempts to counter Jewish skepticism about Jesus messiahship
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Messiah (contd.) The Royal Covenant of King David –Origins of Messiah theology in reigns of Davidic kings –Historical end of the Davidic dynasty Israels hopes for a new Davidic king –Scriptural promises of a new dynasty –The Messiah as political leader
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Messianic Claimants Before and After Jesus Judas the Galilean The Zealots and the Sicarii Simon bar Giora Simon bar Kochba
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Portrayal of the Messiah in Psalm of Solomon 17 See, Lord, and raise up for them [Israel] their king, the son of David [italics added] to rule over your servant Israel in the time known to you, O God.... There will be no unrighteousness among them in his days, for all shall be holy, and their king shall be the Lord Messiah [italics added].
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education A Revisionist View of the Messiah The incompleteness of Jesus earthly mission The necessity of Jesus return as supernatural king
©McGraw-Hill Higher Education Summary The New Testament Jesus explained using variety of Jewish traditions: –Anointed monarch in tradition of David –Lawgiver and prophet like Moses –Suffering servant –Heavenly sacrifice and eternal priest –Image of the invisible God –Christ (mashiah) as Jesus name, not a title only
© 2006 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Chapter 5 The Diverse World of First-Century Judaisms.
Chapter 3 The Diverse World of First-Century Judaism.
CHAPTER 10 Between The Two Testaments: Greek Culture And The Growth of Multiple Judaisms.
Composed of 70 Jewish leaders Acknowledged only the books of Moses as Scripture Members included Scribes, Pharisees and Sadducees Given authority.
The Shadow of the Exile CYRUS’ CYLINDER The Edict of Cyrus 538 BC.
New Testament Background Palestine in the Days of Jesus.
Cultural & Religious Background Sects, Parties and Classes Judaism.
Pascual Session 4.A. -What were the different groups of Judaism like (during the time of Jesus) -Who decides what the beliefs of Catholicism are? Questions.
Introduction to the New Testament. What is it? 27 different documents Written in Greek Gathered together and joined to the Old Testament This is the Bible.
CHAPTER 3 The Ancient Israelites. Bellringer for 9/18/12 Name the three most popular religions in the world. If you do not know, make your best guess.
The Samaritans - They were people living near Judea, sharing beliefs of Judaism, yet regarded with intense suspicion and hostility by the Jews -No Old.
Pax Romana Religious Tolerance Pax Romana Religious Tolerance To Jews in Jerusalem just keep the peace “just keep the peace” For years Jews died while.
1. SOME ISSUES IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY 2. HOW THE BIBLE CAME TO BE 3. SHIFTS 1 After Paul.
JUDAISM. What is Judaism? Judaism is described the covenant between God and his people. Judaism as “the living in the Jews of the past and with the Jews.
Dead Sea Scrolls “The greatest manuscript discovery of modern times.”
Romans and Jews. In first century Palestine the Romans were in charge and conquered the country in 63BC The Romans were harsh rulers. The Jews were.
The Titles of Jesus?. Jesus Carpenter Son of God Son of Man Messiah/Christ Lord Descendent of King David King of the Jews Son of David Rabbi/Teacher.
Chapter 10 Jewish Life and Literature Chaplain Ronald O. McCants Instructor.
You must know: The nature of Jesus from the titles used in Mark.
Key Vocabulary for Judaism and Christianity. Judaism The religion of the Jews.
Exile and Return The Jews continued their religion during exile in Babylon.
Christianity. When & Where Around 30 ad in Palestine.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary The Israelites. 1.Monotheism - the belief in one god. 2.Torah - laws received by Moses from God, that later became the first part.
Pump-Up (Judaism) List as many of the 10 Commandments as you can remember.
1. Name the 4 religious group in Palestine at the time of Jesus? 2. How many parts are there in the Bible? 3. Explain the Biblical reference Matthew 18:20.
RELIGIOUS STUDIES 255 CONTEXT FOR NEW TESTAMENT STUDIES.
AN OVERVIEW The Bible. Biblia, a Greek word meaning “little books” Old Testament written by and for the Jewish community of faith between the 12 th and.
Judaism “In spite of everything, I still believe that people are really good at heart.” - who’s quoted here? “In spite of everything, I still believe that.
Introduction to the New Testament Wednesday October 2 nd.
Rise of Christianity. Christianity: Origins Jesus born around 6 to 4 B.C.E. Born in Bethlehem and raised in Nazareth in northern Palestine. (JERUSALEM)
Ms Murtagh. Can anyone tell me why the Jews were waiting for a Messiah? Palestine in the First century was part of the Roman Empire. The Roman occupation.
Ancient Israel Prepared by Anita Billeter Palmdale School District with funding from Jordan Fundamentals Grant Keeping History Alive Grant.
By: Mason Nixon. Christianity Originating in the Eastern Europe during 3oo’s A.D. in the Roman Empire it quickly spread all throughout in Europe and.
Judaism Hanukkah Star of David Synagogue Kippah Torah Messiah is yet to come King David Bar Mitzvah Kosher Foods Round Robin Activity 1 piece of paper.
Christianity Notes 10.1 &10.2. Origin A. Began during the Roman Empire during the 1st Century C.E. B. 33 CE Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem C. Jesus.
Unit 1 Introduction to World Civilizations and New Ideas Sub Unit 1 Introduction to World Religions Lesson 2 Beliefs of Christianity.
Historical Background on the Gospels 1 st century Palestine : (The social, political, historical, and religious climate of the time.)
Rise of Christianity. Judea Romans conquered Judea – Excused Jews from worshipping Roman gods Zealots wanted to revolt against Rome – Messiah would soon.
Structure of the Bible Introduction to the Bible PPT.
REVIEW VOCAB Ancient Hebrews Chapter 8 1. What is the holiday in which Jews remember the Exodus? Remember the Exodus was when the Jews made their journey.
Christianity Ancient Rome Unit /gallery/jesus_goto.jpg.
Holt McDougal, The Early Hebrews The Big Idea Originally desert nomads, the Hebrews established a great kingdom called Israel. Main Ideas Abraham and Moses.
Important Scriptural Terms Comunicación y Gerencia Click to add Text.
Lecture 07. “Jesus applies different shepherding techniques on the various people He encountered.”
Background. The first emperor of Rome (30 BCE-14 CE), brought peace to the Roman Empire, called the census of “the whole world”
monotheism The belief that there is only One God The Trinity The distinctly Christian monotheism—God is Three Persons in One God polytheism The belief.
Who was Jesus? How would you answer this question?
New Testament Survey. Introduction The New Testament is a record of historical events, the 'good news' events of the saving life of the Lord Jesus Christ:
The Dead Sea Scrolls The Great ISAIAH Scroll. Caves of Qumran
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