Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections PDCP GRADE 10. What is an STI?? An STI is a sexually transmitted infection that is contracted through unprotected sex."— Presentation transcript:
Sexually Transmitted Infections PDCP GRADE 10
What is an STI?? An STI is a sexually transmitted infection that is contracted through unprotected sex. Unprotected includes oral sex as well as intercourse.
You Need to Realize That… You can contract some STI’s more than once and you can have more than one STI at a time. STI’s can become dangerous if ignored.
How are STI’s Transmitted? Germs cause STI’s. These include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites Germs require certain things in order to grow and multiply These include warmth, darkness, moisture, mucous lining, and a good blood supply
Signs and Symptoms Redness, swelling and/or discharge Burning when you urinate (pee) Itching in the genital area Sores, rashes and/or bumps Pain Abnormal vaginal bleeding (especially during intercourse) It is very common to have NO signs or symptoms
Chlamydia Chlamydia is one of the most common and serious STI’s. Sometimes, the symptoms are so mild that a person may not notice them. Men often have no symptoms and can spread the infection without knowing they have it. It is very important that Chlamydia be treated right away!
Chlamydia: What to look for Females: -a new or different discharge from the vagina -a burning feeling when urinating -pain in the lower abdomen - fever and chills -pain during sex -vaginal bleeding between periods -vaginal bleeding after intercourse
Chlamydia: What to look for Males: -a watery or milky drip from the penis -an itchy feeling inside the penis -a burning feeling when urinating -pain or swelling in the testicles
Gonorrhea You may have heard of this STI by other names such as "the clap" or "a dose." The bacteria can grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.
Gonorrhea Symptoms include burning sensation during urination, and thick yellow discharge for both men/women It may take 2-21 days after sex to notice symptoms
Urethral Discharge from Gonorrhea
3 Stages of Syphilis SIGNS & SYMPTOMS 1 st stage: A small chancre (or sore) will appear where syphilis entered the body. If not treated, it will move to the second stage.
3 stages of Syphilis SIGNS & SYMPTOMS 2 nd Stage: The chancre may go away but you will develop a rash, that is not itchy, on other parts of your body, like the palms of your hands or the bottom of your feet.
3 stages of Syphilis 3 rd Stage: 2 nd stage symptoms subside. Disease can now damage organs like the heart, liver, brain, nerves, eyes, blood vessels, bones, and joints. Over time, it can cause paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, dementia, and eventually death
Herpes Herpes is a virus. It can be known as type HSV-1 or HSV-2 Many people who've been infected with HSV never know they have the disease No signs or symptoms? The signs and symptoms of HSV can be so mild they go unnoticed. Half of those infected with HSV have only one outbreak in their lifetimes.
Herpes – Signs and Symptoms Pain or itching around your genital area, buttocks or inner thighs ~ 10 days after exposure Several days later-small red bumps appear They blister and rupture, becoming ulcers that ooze or bleed ~ 3-4 days later they form scabs that later heal THIS DOES NOT MEAN THE VIRUS IS GONE!!
What is HPV? Human Pappillomavirus Transmitted through skin to skin contact Affects cells inside and outside the body These include surfaces of the skin, lining of the mouth, tongue, throat, tonsils, vagina, penis, cervix, and anus. Most common type of HPV is genital warts
HPV (Genital Warts) FEMALEMALE
Genital Warts VERY contagious 66% of people who come in contact with genital warts will become infected Symptoms include itching and burning The cauliflower-like growths are unsightly and embarrassing and associated with a high incidence of depression, sexual dysfunction and disruptions to long-term relationships.
HIV/AIDS HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.AIDS AIDS > Serious condition that compromises person’s immune system Person can have virus and be completely healthy Only way to diagnose is through blood test