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McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Business Plug-In B5 Networks and Telecommunications (on OLC)

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Presentation on theme: "McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Business Plug-In B5 Networks and Telecommunications (on OLC)"— Presentation transcript:

1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Business Plug-In B5 Networks and Telecommunications (on OLC)

2 B5-2 LEARNING OUTCOMES 1.Compare LANs, WANs, and MANs. 2.List and describe the four components that differentiate networks. 3.Compare the two types of network architectures. 4.Explain topology and the different types found in networks. 5.Describe TCP/IP along with its primary purpose. 6.Identify the different media types found in networks. 7.Describe the business benefits associated with VoIP. 8.Explain the difference between a VPN and a VAN. 9.Identify the advantages and disadvantages of broadband technology. 10.List and describe many of the network security problems.

3 B5-3 NETWORKS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS Telecommunication SystemEnable the transmission of data over public or private networks NetworkA communications, data exchange, and resource-sharing system created by linking two or more computers and establishing standards, or protocols, so that they can work together

4 B5-4 NETWORK BASICS The three types of networks include: –Local Area Network (LAN) –Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) –Wide Area Network (WAN) Networks are differentiated by the following: –Architecture peer-to-peer, client/server –Topology bus, star, ring, hybrid, wireless –Protocols Ethernet, TCP/IP –Media coaxial, twisted-pair, fiber-optic

5 B5-5 ARCHITECTURE Peer-to-Peer (P2P) NetworkAny network without a central file server and in which all computers in the network have access to the public files located on all other workstations ClientA computer that is designed to request information from a server ServerA computer that is dedicated to providing information in response to external requests –Client/Server NetworkModel for applications in which the bulk of the back-end processing takes place on a server, while the front-end processing is handled by the clients

6 B5-6 CLIENT/SERVER NETWORKS Network Operating System (NOS)The operating system that runs a network, steering information between computers and managing security and users Packet-SwitchingOccurs when the sending computer divides a message into a number of efficiently sized units called packets, each of which contains the address of the destination computer RouterAn intelligent connecting device that examines each packet of data it receives and then decides which way to send it onward toward its destination

7 B5-7 TOPOLOGY Network TopologyRefers to the geometric arrangement of the actual physical organization of the computers (and other network devices) in a network –Bus –Star –Ring –Hybrid –Wireless

8 B5-8 TOPOLOGY

9 B5-9 PROTOCOLS ProtocolA standard that specifies the format of data as well as the rules to be followed during transmission InteroperabilityThe capability of two or more computer systems to share data and resources, even though they are made by different manufacturers Ethernetphysical and data layer technology for LAN networking

10 B5-10 TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Provides the technical foundation for the public Internet as well as for large numbers of private network TCP/IP Applications: –File Transfer Protocol (FTP) –Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) –Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) –Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

11 B5-11 MEDIA Wire MediaTransmission material manufactured so that signals will be confined to a narrow path and will behave predictably Three most commonly used types include: 1.Twisted-Pair Wiring 2.Coaxial Cable 3.Fiber Optic (or Optical Fiber) Wireless MediaNatural parts of the earths environment that can be used as physical paths to carry electrical signals

12 B5-12 WIRE MEDIA

13 B5-13 USING NETWORKS & TELECOMMUNICATIONS FOR BUSINESS ADVANTAGES Voice over IP (VoIP)Uses TCP/IP technology to transmit voice calls over long-distance telephone lines Virtual Private Network (VPN)A way to use the public telecommunication infrastructure (e.g., Internet) to provide secure access to an organizations network Valued-Added Network (VAN)A private network, provided by a third party, for exchanging information through a high capacity connection

14 B5-14 USING NETWORKS & TELECOMMUNICATIONS FOR BUSINESS ADVANTAGES

15 B5-15 USING NETWORKS & TELECOMMUNICATIONS FOR BUSINESS ADVANTAGES Increasing the speed of business: –BandwidthThe difference between the highest and lowest frequencies that can be transmitted on a single medium –BroadbandHigh-speed Internet connections transmitting data at speed greater than 200 Kbps Securing business networks –Data sharing


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