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Male Students in Women's Health: Perceptions of the Clinical Experience J. Creina Twomey, PhD©, RN & Robert J. Meadus, PhD, RN Memorial University of Newfoundland.

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Presentation on theme: "Male Students in Women's Health: Perceptions of the Clinical Experience J. Creina Twomey, PhD©, RN & Robert J. Meadus, PhD, RN Memorial University of Newfoundland."— Presentation transcript:

1 Male Students in Women's Health: Perceptions of the Clinical Experience J. Creina Twomey, PhD©, RN & Robert J. Meadus, PhD, RN Memorial University of Newfoundland School of Nursing St. Johns, NL, Canada

2 Outline Background Purpose Methodology Findings Comments Strategies for Teaching Men Students Implications

3 Background Men remain a minority within Nsg. 5.6% of nurses in Canada are men (CNA, 2006). Men remain a minority within Nsg. 5.6% of nurses in Canada are men (CNA, 2006). The goal is to produce a Nsg workforce that reflects the diversity of the population. The goal is to produce a Nsg workforce that reflects the diversity of the population. Possible solution to the Nsg shortage. Men are an untapped resource. Possible solution to the Nsg shortage. Men are an untapped resource.

4 Purpose To examine the Nsg education experience of men. To examine the Nsg education experience of men. To gain knowledge of the reasons why men choose Nsg as a career. To gain knowledge of the reasons why men choose Nsg as a career. To examine the challenges men encounter in Nsg programs. To examine the challenges men encounter in Nsg programs.

5 Methodology Phenomenology – Phenomenology – Descriptions of things as one experiences them (Hammond, Howarth, & Keat, 1991). Descriptions of things as one experiences them (Hammond, Howarth, & Keat, 1991). Methodological approach - the essence of seeking an understanding of the interrelationship of the person & their world. Methodological approach - the essence of seeking an understanding of the interrelationship of the person & their world. Appropriate for exploring the experience of being a male in a female-concentrated educ program. Appropriate for exploring the experience of being a male in a female-concentrated educ program. Focus Groups Focus Groups Giorgis (1985) approach to data analysis. Giorgis (1985) approach to data analysis.

6 Data Collection Questions Describe your exp of being a student nurse? Describe your exp of being a student nurse? What motivated you to enter nursing? What motivated you to enter nursing? Describe how your family/friends/peers feel about your career choice? Describe how your family/friends/peers feel about your career choice? What are the challenges within the nursing program? What are the challenges within the nursing program? What would make it better? (Probes: supports & recommendations for change) What would make it better? (Probes: supports & recommendations for change)

7 Data Collection/Focus Groups 27 Participants Group A - 4 students (Mainly FT) Group A - 4 students (Mainly FT) Group B - 9 students (All yrs FT & Reg) Group B - 9 students (All yrs FT & Reg) Group C - 5 students (Year 2) Group C - 5 students (Year 2) Group D - 5 students (FT program) Group D - 5 students (FT program) Group E - 4 students (Year 2 & 3) Group E - 4 students (Year 2 & 3)

8 Data Analysis Transcription of tape-recorded focus group interviews & interview notes. Transcription of tape-recorded focus group interviews & interview notes. Giorgi's (1985) guidelines for data analysis. Giorgi's (1985) guidelines for data analysis. Read the transcripts to obtain a sense of the whole; Read the transcripts to obtain a sense of the whole; Reread the transcripts, analyzing the common elements; Reread the transcripts, analyzing the common elements; Transform the language into a conceptual perspective of the experience, relative to the phenomenon of interest; Transform the language into a conceptual perspective of the experience, relative to the phenomenon of interest; Combine & synthesize these meaning units/themes into a final general description which reflects the lived experience of the participants. Combine & synthesize these meaning units/themes into a final general description which reflects the lived experience of the participants.

9 Themes Choosing Nursing Choosing Nursing Becoming A Nurse Becoming A Nurse Visible/Invisible Visible/Invisible Caring within the Nsg role Caring within the Nsg role Gender-Based Stereotyping Gender-Based Stereotyping

10 Comments re Womens Health In OBS you have to do assessments and stuff. I had to bring a female nurse with me… You do get the feeling right of the bat, I am different. In OBS you have to do assessments and stuff. I had to bring a female nurse with me… You do get the feeling right of the bat, I am different. And I remember just going the whole maternity rotation and …..the staff always say to you, Youre never really see a guy working in this area. Its kind of like its own speciality. And I remember just going the whole maternity rotation and …..the staff always say to you, Youre never really see a guy working in this area. Its kind of like its own speciality.

11 Comments re Womens Health In our maternity clinical 1 group went to the OR, 1 went to Diagnostic Imaging & the other went to Womens Health. So the professor decided from past experience that they had negative feedback from guys going to Womens Health b/c the women didnt feel comfortable having a male in the room, so the professor assigned all the guys to the OR.

12 Comments re Womens Health Pts in OBS dont have a choice with the docs but with us, they do. I dont know why that is. I mean like if a male doc came in, they would say well, this is your doc thats it, but if I came in, in some situations they may be uncomfortable with me, and theyll say, okay, can I have a female nurse please? But you dont hear many people say, can I have a female doc?

13 Comments re Womens Health In OBS I really feel like "a fish out of water. I know its a vital part of nsg educ its just ah [pause] where I guess were not going through the same things we cant relate quite as easily as females, but for the most part I have had a good experience there. My profs have been very good, & quite understanding.

14 Strategies for Nursing Programs Recruit more male faculty. Recruit more male faculty. Clinical assignments - men in groups. Clinical assignments - men in groups. Co-sign students with men nurses (preceptors). Co-sign students with men nurses (preceptors). Use/promote dev of gender-neutral teaching materials. Use/promote dev of gender-neutral teaching materials. Nurse educators reflect on their own feelings regarding men in nursing. Nurse educators reflect on their own feelings regarding men in nursing.

15 Strategies for Nursing Programs Same assignments for female & male students in all clinical areas. Same assignments for female & male students in all clinical areas. Male faculty advisors for men students if possible. Male faculty advisors for men students if possible. Gender neutral Recruitment Committee market materials. Gender neutral Recruitment Committee market materials. Nsg faculty need to have greater understanding of learning styles of male nsg students. Nsg faculty need to have greater understanding of learning styles of male nsg students.

16 Strategies for Nursing Programs Faculty need to provide guidance for male & female students in working with pts to provide personal care. Faculty need to provide guidance for male & female students in working with pts to provide personal care. Work with school guidance counsellors in providing information about nsg as an appropriate career for male & female students. Work with school guidance counsellors in providing information about nsg as an appropriate career for male & female students. Use of professional male role models within the classroom/clinical area. Use of professional male role models within the classroom/clinical area.

17 Implications Provide feedback to Nurse Educators Provide feedback to Nurse Educators Provide feedback to Recruitment Committee Provide feedback to Recruitment Committee

18 Acknowledgements Thank you to all participants! Thank you to all participants! Funding: Funding: Atlantic Region Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing Research Grant Atlantic Region Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing Research Grant Memorial University School of Nursing Research Grant Memorial University School of Nursing Research Grant

19 Questions?


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