Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

A Look into the Future of Warfare: The Joint Battlespace Infosphere Harold W. Carter University of Cincinnati

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "A Look into the Future of Warfare: The Joint Battlespace Infosphere Harold W. Carter University of Cincinnati"— Presentation transcript:

1 A Look into the Future of Warfare: The Joint Battlespace Infosphere Harold W. Carter University of Cincinnati

2 2 "The Internet is like a weapon sitting on a table ready to be picked up by either you or your competitors. (Michael Dell) Similar web-based systems will be cheaply available to U.S. adversaries from global vendors. … if the U.S. goal is information superiority, there is no option but to plunge into the issues of web- oriented C2. (1999 AF SAB, Building the Joint Battlespace Infosphere)

3 3 Commanders Perspective Leverage Information for the Warfighter 1999 SAB Study: Building the Joint Battlespace Infosphere Global Grid Facilitate post crisis reshaping Collaborative planning and execution Right forces at the right time Total situational awareness The World Has Changed…To Meet Our Responsibilities we must: Assemble disparate forces and resources into one joint tailored force rapidly and effectively to employ anywhere in the world

4 4 Information Management Problem Current C2ISR tools only get us part way there –Large, monolithic, rigid enterprises –Unique information infrastructures –Interoperability issues –System admin & configuration overhead Decision-maker must filter & aggregate Kosovo Lessons: –Info fatigue –Cyber-rubbernecking Brand new enterprise systems cost-prohibitive (time & $$) DCGS GCCSTBMCS GDSS ? Decision Maker !! AOC


6 6 JBI Basics Information exchange –Publish/Subscribe/Query Transforming data to knowledge –Fuselets The JBI is a system of systems that integrates, aggregates, & distributes information to users at all echelons, from the command center to the battlefield. The JBI is built on four key technologies: Distributed collaboration –Shared, updateable knowledge objects Force/Unit interfaces –Templates »Operational capability »Information inputs »Information requirements

7 7 Publish & Subscribe JBI Client Publish Object Subscribe Publication Service Publish: Installation of Objects in Catalog of Published Objects maintained by specialized Publication Services. Services also maintain lists of pending Subscriptions Subscribe: Subscriptions specify metadata values that must match corresponding values in newly Published Objects - forward looking in time Query: Like Subscription, but without automatic triggering - backward looking in time Publication Service Processing: - Test each new Published Object against all pending Subscriptions - Test each new Query against all previously Published Objects Search: Trade-off Timeliness against Accuracy in Information Delivery

8 8 JBI Fuselets JBI Clients that create new knowledge derived from JBI information objects Small programs that publish JBI objects by refining or fusing information in a relatively simple way Capture simple decision logic which can be expressed in a natural way (e.g. rules) Created using scripting languages (e.g. JavaScript) or simple programming tools to adapt JBI information flows to dynamic mission needs Obtained from a library, configured, and placed in service to accomplish particular job in a JBI Not currently viewed as either mobile or intelligent

9 9 Example: fuselets that aggregate Each air base publishes a base status object to the JBI. A fuselet that has subscribed to this type of object is triggered and publishes an aggregate mission base status object. Complex aggregation is achieved by cascading fuselets, forming higher-level knowledge. Represents challenges in control. Fuselet Subscribe Mission base status Ramstein status Aviano status Taszar status Publish

10 10 Objects and Metadata OBJECT Set of attribute/value pairs Standardized metadata Mission-standard object type definitions METADATA OBJ-ID: TBMCS-59 JBI-CLIENT FLEX-1765A OBJ-TYPE: ATO-MSG Time-stamp: SECURITY: UNCLAS GEO: 167/34/27W-45/22/57N ATTRIBUTES AND VALUES

11 11 Force Template Information handshake between the JBI and the combat unit (defines subscribe and publish data to JBI). Information interface requirements: Information required to accomplish mission Example: Required accuracy of targeting information C2 and ISR capabilities: ISR inputs to JBI Example: weapons pod camera Force capabilities: Sortie rates (steady state and surge) Employment restrictions Munitions (TLAMs) Current readiness state Logistics requirements Force Template

12 12 Force / Unit Templates Information requirements Information products/outputs Communications requirements Computing systems Force employment capability Ammunition inventory Fuel requirements Personnel requirements Information requirements Information products/outputs Communications requirements Computing systems Combat Unit Support Unit JBI Mandatory unit subscriptions Mandatory unit publications Network routing information units and their native IM systems Comprehensive Information handshake Software descriptions of military units that are to be integrated into the JBI Describes pub/sub exchange; based on IERs Drives JBI reconfiguration to incorporate new

13 13 C4ISR and the JBI Command Battlespace InfoSphere Execution Combat Support Info Support Planning Planning/ Execution Products Command Guidance User Information Products & DBs Fusion Products Combat Support Products Publish Subscribe Transform Query Control Representation Task Centric Presentations Collaborative Problem Solving Automatic Formatting & Filtering Automatic Data Capture Common

14 Architectural Concept SENSORS Coalition partners ABCS TBMCS GCCS-M AFATDS GCSS SYSTEMS SubscribePublish Global Grid, Web, Internet,…. JBI Repository JBI Platform JBI Subscription Broker Meta data Meta data Meta data JBI Query Broker ? ? ? JBI Management Services ACCESS Personnel BDA Orders of Battle Weather Targets Etc.... BATTLESPACEINFOBATTLESPACEINFO Intentions ConnectorsConnectors Query

15 15 JBI Operational Architecture Focuses on the tasks, information flows, and operational elements that meet the warfighter needs Defined through such products as: –operational concept documents –command relationship charts –activity models –information exchange requirements –required capabilities matrices Develops enterprise view and representation of operational processes

16 16 JBI Systems Architecture Identifies the information systems components and interconnections that make up the JBI development and execution environment. JBI platform, the run-time component that implements information exchange among C2ISR systems and fuselets Systems needed to implement the entire JBI lifecycle – Unit Infospheres – Mission-specific JBIs. Includes tools and reuse repositories to support –Conceptual modeling –Object modeling –Allocation of object model component publication, subscription & query responsibilities –Performance modeling

17 17 JBI Technical Architecture Identifies applicable portions of existing standards – Joint Technical Architecture Establishes new standards where there are voids –Standard template for stating JBI object models – Baseline common object models –Mission-specific JBI object models –Unit infosphere object models –Individual C2ISR system object models – Standard template for stating publication, subscription, query, and query response responsibilities at the same levels as for the object model –Interface protocols that define the service calls between the JBI platform and all systems that interface with the platform, including C2ISR systems and fuselets

18 18 JBI Repository JBI Query Broker JBI Subscription Broker JBI Management Services JBI Clients JBI Platform Meta data Connector ACCESS Access Policy Global Grid, Web, Internet,…. JBI Platform Architecture ? Meta data Meta data

19 19 Advanced JBI Platform: Required JBI Infrastructure JBI Infrastructure Services / Capabilities Layer –Publish / Subscribe / Query Mechanisms & Support Services –Information Object Representation / Types / Schemas / Metadata / Ontologies –Distributed Object Spaces / Virtual Repositories –White & Yellow Pages for Information & Service Location –Transform –Fuselet Construction, Modification, Composition, and Control Services –Control –JBI Stand Up/Down Services –JBI Client Protocols, Certification & Registration Services –Unit / Force Join & Depart Services –JBI Access, Performance, Control, and Maintenance Services –Information Flow Level QoS Management –Information Assurance / Pedigree Capture / Security & DIW World Wide Web Layer Internet Layer Global Grid Communications Layer

20 20 DESIGN: – Concentrate design effort on ops functionality – Integrate at information level -- focus on content vs. format; de-couple data & applications ACQUIRE: – Competitive market economy for info services & products within the JBI; no single-vendor solutions – Rapid plug-n-play, standards-based insertion of innovative functionality and technology DEPLOY: – Build & evolve agile JTF info framework driven by campaign CONOPS & dynamics of ops environment -- just like force structure EMPLOY: – Timely decision-making from decision quality information – Unity of effort through shared understanding Best of breed JBI Payoffs The JBI will revolutionize the way we… Faster, cheaper Customized, Adaptive Services Information Dominance Enabled by Web Infrastructure

21 21 JBI Impact Design –JBI abstraction barrier isolates information layer from delivery concerns –Designers focus on information needed for decision making –Enables designers to emphasize information availability, not location & ownership –Emphasize information content, not data format Acquire –Plug & Play integration at the information level –Open competition on basis of functionality & performance - best of breed clients –C2ISR Product lines, not company store –Low cost of entry for innovators –High payoff through information-level synergy –Evolution of functionality through rapid new technology insertion (e.g., MP3)

22 22 JBI Impact (Concluded) Deploy –Plug & Play C2ISR component selection & assembly driven by current mission requirements –Information system architecture (the Information Plan) co- designed with the CINCs campaign plan, force structure plan, deployment plan –Designed from the start to be responsive to CINC policy & goals –Agility in the face of changing missions, roles, coalitions –Economy of functionality Employ –See Gen McCarthys 1999 JBI summer study outbriefing ! –The existence of a CINC-orchestrated Information Plan implies: –Plan execution –Real-time execution assessment –Replanning –Better decisions, faster

23 23 Current Status AC2ISRC Wright-Flyer JBI – Integrated Cat III for JEFX 00 – ISR Battle Management scenario JBI Task Force – Mapping technical/operational way ahead; securing acquisition funding – Assembling joint partners Concept Validation Prototypes (Y-JBIs) – Explore design space – Identify most viable components for operational spirals – Goal is relatively inexpensive evaluation & idea generation wf-JBI Design space YJBI-1s wfJBI MOE/MOP

24 24 JBI Evolution Provides an integrating substrate of information management services to link all C2 functionality New solutions plug-in without rebuilding all service layers Supplants old infrastructures while providing migration path for existing C2 systems Significant acquisition, deployment, and employment gains Dissolves Stovepipes & Delivers Seamless Access to Information Infrastructure TBMCS GCCS GDSS Emerging C2 tools Y-JBI Infrastructure WEB ENABLED JBI-1 Joint Campaign Planning Mobility Planning Battlespace Awareness Effects Based Ops

25 25 SAB Recommended Technology Investments LEVERAGE E-BUSINESS SOLUTIONS WITH ROBUST DOD S&T INVESTMENTS Commercial Tech: YJBI-1 Today 2001 Web Technology: XML, XSL, XQL E-commerce Solutions JBI-1 Near-Term 2005 Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) Middleware Digital Libraries DoD S&T: Prototype & Demo Evolve Rqmts Prototype & Demo Evolve Rqmts JBI-2 Data Warehousing Immersive Virtual Environments Spiral Development Process Spiral Development Process Long-Term 2010 Information Assurance & Survivability Advanced Data/Sensor Fusion Intelligent Agents Distributed Storage, Indexing, & Retrieval Auto Data Capture & Info Extraction Warfighter Connectivity

26 26 SAB Specific Recommendations Immediate low-cost prototypes: AFRL/AC2ISRC JBI Platform technical architecture: ESC Evaluation of relevant COTS: ESC Military requirements for C2 Info Integration: AC2ISRC Common Representation/Templates: DISA/ESC Long term research: –Advanced JBI Platform: DARPA with AFRL –Advanced fusion concepts: AFRL with DARPA –Information assurance: DARPA with AFRL –Agent-based technology: DARPA with AFRL –Advanced data survivable systems: DARPA/AFRL –Active networks: AFRL –Dynamic User Modeling: DARPA/AFRL

27 27 JBI High-Level Approach COTS T&E DoD R&D + GOTS T&E Integration & Experimentation Integrated Feasibility Demonstrations / Experiments (IFD/E) JBI = f(COTS + GOTS + DoD-specific R&D) Adopt / Adapt / Develop to maintain low cost of entry; Buy, dont Build

28 JBI Roadmap YJBI-1a YJBI-1b YJBI-1c YJBI-1d CONOPS Technical Architecture DARPA COTS Insertion + Foundational DoD Science & Technology wfJBI JBI-1 Block 10 JBI-1 Block 20 JBI-1 Block 30 JBI-2 JBI Experimental Testbed JEFX 00JEFX 02JEFX 04JEFX 06

29 29 Long-Term Research Areas Summary Advanced JBI Platform – Fundamental core services for Publish, Subscribe, Query, Transform and Control –Common Representation for information standardization Advanced Fusion Concepts – Integrate traditionally separate research communities for fusion, planning, and IW for a new form of COP Information Assurance & Survivability –Novel approaches (e.g., NLP and semantic modeling) needed to control exchange of information between classification and coalition domains: MLS/MSL remain critical requirements despite failures of traditional approaches –Vulnerabilities/challenges introduced by JBI-related technologies; e.g., Shared-spaces (JavaSpaces/Jini); XML; Distributed components (CORBA, EJB, Agents, etc.)

30 30 Long-Term Research Areas Summary (Continued) Agent-Based Technology – Agents with network awareness for bandwidth adaptation – Enhanced mobility, control & coordination, and inter- agent communication – Scalability & agent security issues Information Acquisition and Storage – Automatic data capture & info extraction services – Advanced data storage & retrieval (e.g., geospatial- temporal indexing) Effective Interfaces –Context Understanding –Multiple, simultaneous-user, interactive environments –Cross-language transformation for seamless coalition collaboration, preferably in real-time –Near real-time, dynamically-composable simulations to support visualization and decision-making

31 31 JBI SWAT Team Goal: Seize the JBI opportunity to provide the research, development and technical leadership necessary to formulate and execute a comprehensive program of research and development of the technical architecture for C2ISR by: –Engaging in early experimental prototyping of JBI Platform services as a basis for idea generation, concept refinement, and evaluation. –Performing in parallel systems studies and analysis of long term JBI Platform architecture focusing on downstream functionality for spiral development –Providing the catalyst for the refocus of on-going AFRL/IF R&D activities, or the initiation of new AFRL/IF R&D activities, in partnership with others, in the long-term JBI technology areas recommended by the SAB

32 32 JBI SWAT Team Small cadre of full time senior S&Es –Senior mentor –Large support group of part time S&Es from across directorate Focus on experimental exploration of JBI Platform design space – JBI Core Services – JBI Technical Architecture Build & maintain AFRL/IF node of JBI Testbed Serve as hub of AFRL IF Directorate JBI activities –Bridges to each Division –Outreach to each Branch –Long Term JBI Research and other JBI enabling R&D –Requirements pull for the JBI –Early access to evolving JBI concepts in the Testbed Collaborate and support outside JBI activities –DARPA –AC2ISRC –ESC/MITRE –AFRL/HE –Other Service Labs

33 33 Testbed Purpose Host and facilitate full evolution of the JBI Support multiple prototypes (incl. wfJBI) for collaborative development and experimentation Provide an integration environment for legacy and emerging C2ISR systems Support industry IR&D efforts with access to C2 architectures & systems Provide JBI component developers regular access to evolving JBI Services – mitigates risk for downstream insertion Support operational assessment and evaluation

34 34 Distributed Testbed Nodes OSC - Langley ESC - Hanscom ARFL - Rome C2B - HurlburtDBCC - Nellis Management / Assessment Center –Requirement communities –Operational communities –Management communities Experimentation / Demonstration Site Science & Technology Developer –R&D for enabling technologies –DARPA agent & transition vehicle Experimentation & Evaluation Node –COTS/GOTS ring-out and analysis –Platform assessment & prototype development Integration Partner w/ ESC –Emerging / legacy systems into JBI –JBI component technologies –Joint functional components onto JBI service layers System Architects –System and Technical architecture specifications –Standards & Protocols Experimentation/Evaluation Node –COTS/GOTS ring-out and analysis –Metrics collection with operational systems Integration Partner with AFRL Requirements Analysis & Transition –Translation of ops to technical reqts –Support transition of JBI services/ components to operational fielding Operational Process Hub –Develop / refine new CONOPS to drive JBI capabilities Warfighter Assessment Center –Access to warfighter users on continuous basis –Full array of fielded systems and architectures –Established feedback and evaluation processes Operational Assessment Center –Access to warfighter users on continuous basis –Full array of fielded systems and architectures –Established feedback and evaluation processes Large-Force Employment Node –Robust, realistic scenarios –Operational ring-out

35 35 Summary: JBI Vision Decision-Quality Information Globally Interoperable Information Space that … Aggregates, integrates, fuses, and disseminates tailored battlespace information to all echelons of a JTF Links JTF sensors, systems & users together for unity of effort Integrates legacy C2 resources Focuses on Decision-Making Enables Affordable Technology Refresh Leverages Emerging Commercial Technologies

36 36 "Information superiority becomes a precondition for fighting to achieve air and space superiority," Lt. Gen. Liu Shunyao, Chief, China Peoples Liberation Army Air Force 28 Feb 2000, AW&ST (Chinese War Plans Emphasize Air Force's Offensive Role) Questions?

Download ppt "A Look into the Future of Warfare: The Joint Battlespace Infosphere Harold W. Carter University of Cincinnati"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google