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PowerPoint Presentation by JoAnn Yaworski CHAPTER 6 Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Place:Place: the location or geographical area where the action occurs Time:Time: the time of day, season, or historical period when the action occurs Atmosphere:Atmosphere: the emotions associated with the storys physical environment CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. setting Authors establish setting either through direct statements or inference of the following:
The action progresses toward a believable conclusion. Individual incidents or episodes are connected logically. CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. plot The plot of a story refers to the actionthe sequence of events: What happened? Why did it happen? What was the outcome? What will happen next?
Characters defy society or other individuals. Characters cope with dangerous surroundings Characters struggle with their own emotions CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Conflicts Conflicts occur in the plot to create moments of tension: (Continued)
Outside narrator Character narrator CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. narrator point of view The narrator tells the story and determines the way you see people, actions, and situationsthe point of view. There are two types of narrator:
Does not participate in the conflict of the story Usually is not a character, but a voice relating a story from a distance Recounts the characters experiences and may tell you about their thoughts and feelings as if able to read their minds CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The outside narrator... (Continued)
Is invented by the author to tell the story Participates in the action Gives a firsthand report of what he or she is experiencing CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The character narrator... (Continued)
Outside narrators comments Other characters comments Dialogue Scenes depicting characters in action CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Characterization Characterization refers to the methods an author uses to present his or her characters:
How a character looks Background information What a character is thinking CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. With an outside narrator, you learn about a character from the narrators point of view in relating... (Continued)
Comments about the other characters Descriptions of the other characters Relationships with other characters CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. When a character is a narrator, you learn about the narrator and the other characters he or she knows through the narrators... (Continued)
What is the topic of conversation? What is the literal meaning of the speakers statements? Does the speakers tone emphasize or change the literal meaning? What does the dialogue reveal about the characters personality and background? What does the dialogue reveal about the characters relationship with others? CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. When reading dialogue, ask yourself the following questions to help you learn about the characters: (Continued)
Is the character drawn toward threatening or safe situations? Does the character behave responsibly or irresponsibly? Do the characters motives show selfishness, adventure, or concern for others? CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. When reading a scene depicting characters in action, ask yourself the following questions to help you learn about the characters: (Continued)
CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. simile A simile is a comparison using the word Iike or as. metaphor A metaphor is an implied comparison in which the writer states that something is something else. The years folded up like pocket handkerchiefs. The passing years have become folded handkerchiefs.
CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. To interpret figurative language... (Continued) 1)Identify the comparison between two different things. 2)Picture the two images being compared. 3)Determine the authors purpose in making the comparison.
CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. theme The theme is the underlying meaning of a story. It is usually based on one of the following subjects: Beliefs and opinions about life Attitudes toward political or social issues Perceptions about human nature and relationships
CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. The following fictional elements often suggest the theme of a story: The influence of the setting on the characters and their actions The significance of important events The characters observations about life and human behavior The authors comments and observations about life and human behavior The language the author uses to tell the story (Continued)
CHAPTER 6: Prose Fiction Copyright © 2003 by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. THE END Chapter Review QuizGED Practice Quiz Practice the skills you learned in this chapter by taking the Chapter Review Quiz or the GED Practice Quiz.
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