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Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 6. Health Goals for Mental and Emotional Health I will develop good character I will interact in ways that help create.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 6. Health Goals for Mental and Emotional Health I will develop good character I will interact in ways that help create."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 6

2 Health Goals for Mental and Emotional Health I will develop good character I will interact in ways that help create a positive social and emotional environment I will develop healthful personality characteristics I will choose behaviors to promote a healthy mind I will express emotions in healthful ways I will use stress management skills I will seek help if I feel depressed I will use suicide prevention strategies when appropriate I will cope with loss and grief in healthful ways I will be resilient during difficult times

3 Health Goal 1: Develop Good Character Value: standard of belief Character: persons use of self-control to act on responsible values A person who has good character has the self- control to delay gratification when appropriate People who have good character set limits for themselves, and their behavior reflects responsible values Good character will reflect on ones self-esteem (self-worth)

4 Developing Good Character and Improving Self-Esteem Pay attention to your appearance Make a list of responsible actions and review the list often Be a friend to yourself by enjoying activities (e.g., hobbies) Write your feelings in a journal Make spending time with your family members a priority Care for other people in the way you would like to be cared for Let other people know what helps you feel special Support the interests of family members and friends, and ask them to support your interests Ask family members and friends to tell you examples of your actions that have shown character Get plenty of exercise to generate feelings of well- being

5 Health Goal #2: I Will Interact in Ways that Help Create a Positive Social-Emotional Environment Social-emotional environment is the quality of the contacts a person has with the people with whom they interact Social-emotional boosters (encouragement and/or support) help promote a positive social- emotional environment Social-emotional pollutants cause a negative social-emotional environment and should be avoided, if possible

6 Strategies to Improve the Social- Emotional Environment Minimize contact with people who put you down Use positive self- statements if you are with a person/group who are negative Spend time with a mentor Join a support group Expand the network of people with whom you communicate needs, wants, and emotions Give others social- emotional boosters

7 Health Goal #3: I Will Develop Healthful Personality Characteristics An individuals unique pattern of characteristic = Personality Behavior or attitude affects personality Other influences include: –Heredity –Environment Who you have contact or influences with affects personality

8 Health Goal #4: I Will Choose Behaviors to Promote a Healthy Mind Mental alertness does the following: –Allows quick and watchful actions –Provides interest in whats going on in your life –Allows understanding of providing mental exercise as well as physical concepts –Creates the ability to learn continuously about new ideas and methods Mentally healthy people…. –Feel good about themselves –Have satisfying relationships –Set realistic goals –Can cope with disappointments

9 Addiction A compelling need to take a drug or engage in a specific behavior Can cause physical harm, jeopardize safety, harm relationships, cause legal and financial problems

10 Signs of Addiction 1) Having a compelling need to take a drug/engage in a behavior 2) Taking a drug/engaging in behavior instead of dealing with feelings of anxiety, depression, boredom, or loneliness 3) Feeling bad about oneself after taking a drug/engaging in a behavior 4) Taking a drug/engaging in a behavior even when there are negative consequences 5) Trying to stop taking a drug or engaging in a behavior but being unable to do so

11 Types of Addiction Drug Eating disorders Exercise Gambling Nicotine Perfectionism Relationship Sexual in nature Shopping Television Thrill seeking Workaholism

12 Getting Help for Addiction Formal interventions Individual therapy Group therapy Family therapy Hospitalization

13 Codependence Issues Codependence is a compulsion to control, take care of, and rescue people by fixing their problems and minimizing their pain Enablers are people who support the harmful behaviors of others People with codependence issues could benefit from: –Support groups –Individual therapy –Family therapy

14 Mental Disorders Mental/emotional condition that makes it difficult for a person to live in a normal way Cause is functional (environmental, stress related, poor coping skills) or organic (physical injuries or illness) Six categories of mental disorders: –Affective-Anxiety –Dissociative-Personality –Somatoform-Schizophrenia

15 Affective Disorders Involve extreme moods Cause is unknown 3 types –Clinical depression –Bipolar disorder –Seasonal affective disorder

16 Anxiety Disorders Disorder in which real or imagined fears prevent enjoyment of life, leading to possible panic attacks Types –General anxiety disorder (GAD)] –Phobias –Obsessive compulsive disorder –Post-traumatic stress disorder

17 Dissociative Disorders Disorder in which a person has memory loss, confused identity, or more than one identity Two types: –Amnesia (inability to recall past) –Dissociative identity disorder (two or more personalities within the same person)

18 Personality Disorders Disorder in which a persons patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting interfere with daily living Types: –Antisocial (conflict with society) –Avoidant (avoids social contact) –Dependent (cannot function without assistance from others) –Histrionic (emotional outbursts) –Narcissistic (boastful and conceited) –Passive-aggressive (overly compliant to mask anger)

19 Somatoform Disorders Symptoms of disease for which no physical cause can be found Two types –1) Hypochondria- worried about illness –2) Conversion disorder-health changes due to a result of emotional state

20 Schizophrenia Disorder in which there is a split or breakdown in logical thought processes Split results in unusual behavior Paranoia results as well as delusional thinking

21 Help for Mental Disorders Formal interventions Medical evaluations Medications Support groups Long-term recovery plans

22 Concepts of Expressing Emotions in Healthful Ways Communication is the sharing of feelings, thought, information with another person Healthful ways to express feelings to promote a healthy mind and body are: –I messages –Active listening –Nonverbal communication

23 Anger Management Skills Keep an anger self- inventory Use self-statements Use I vs. you messages Write a letter Write in a journal Reduce the effects of anger cues by exercising Use safe physical actions to blow off steam Keep a sense of humor Rehearse what to do in situations that you know are your anger triggers Talk with a parent/mentor

24 Health Goal #6: I Will Use Stress Management Skills Stress Stressor Eustress Distress Identify the following terms

25 General Adaptation Syndrome Three stages: -Alarm (fight-or-flight syndrome) -Resistance (homeostasis) -Exhaustion (illness or disease concept)

26 Stress Can Affect Status of Ten Areas of Health in One or More Areas Mental and Emotional Health Family and Social Health Growth and Development Nutrition Personal Health and Physical Activity Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs Communicable and Chronic Disease Consumer and Community Health Environmental Health Injury Prevention and Safety

27 Stress Management Skills Use responsible decision-making skills Get enough sleep Participate in physical activity Use a time-management plan Write in a journal Change your outlook Have close friends Talk with parents Help others Express affection in proper ways Care for pets Keep a sense of humor

28 Health Goal #7: I Will Seek Help if I Feel Depressed Types of depression –Minor depression –Dysthymic disorder –Major depression It is estimated that 8 percent of teens have symptoms of depression

29 Symptoms of Childhood/Adolescent Depression Increased irritability Being bored Outbursts of shouting, complaining, or crying Poor school performance or frequent absences Fear of death Alcohol or substance abuse Frequent nonspecific physical complaints

30 Causes of Depression Inability to cope with a life crisis Changes in brain structure Genetic predisposition Low serotonin levels Traumatic family events Physical illness/disorders Alcohol or other drug use

31 Risks of Depression School performance Social isolation Drug addiction Other addictions Physical illnesses Mental disorders Suicide attempts

32 Treatment for Depression Physical exams Therapy Medication

33 Anger and Depression Can lead to: –Inability to cope –Illness –Family patterns –Alcohol/drug use –Suicide attempts (parasuicide)

34 Health Goal #8: I Will Use Suicide Prevention Strategies When Appropriate 1) Know suicide hotline numbers 2) Know what to do when a person feels depressed 3) Help the person build a network of support 4) Get the person involved in rewarding activities 5) Know what to do if someone shows warning signs of suicide

35 Health Goal #9: I Will Cope with Loss and Grief in Healthful Ways Grief is an intense emotional suffering caused by loss Causes of grief are: –Changes in the family-Changes in living condition –Death of a friend-Suicide –Death of a well-known person-Tragedies in the news –The end of something special-Holidays

36 Healthful Ways to Respond to a Loss There are no rules about grieving Each person grieves in his/her own way/method Crying is a healthful expression of emotions and helps release bottled-up tension Responses to grief are based on: –Who we are –Whom or what we have lost –How much day-to-day life has changed

37 Health Goal #10: I Will Be Resilient in Difficult Times A life crisis is an experience that causes a high level of stress To be resilient is to be able to adjust, recover, bounce back, and learn from difficult experiences

38 Resiliency Skills Most people respond to a life crisis by working through 5 emotional responses (Kubler-Ross,1997) Denying Being angry Bargaining Being depressed Accepting

39 Chapter 6 Mental and Emotional Health

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