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The dawn of space travel. To show how Rocket technology began and advanced through the Cold War.

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Presentation on theme: "The dawn of space travel. To show how Rocket technology began and advanced through the Cold War."— Presentation transcript:

1 The dawn of space travel

2 To show how Rocket technology began and advanced through the Cold War.

3  The Chinese invented the first rockets that ran on gun powder.  They mainly used those rockets for entertainment as fireworks.

4  Robert Hutchings Goddard launched the first liquid rocket on March 16, 1926. It flew 41 feet at 60 mph.  He and two other physicists continued to develop more rockets that flew higher and faster.  They made rockets that could fly at speeds faster than 700mph, breaking the sound barrier  They Also developed rocket technology such as Propellant pumps, gyroscopic controls, and gimbal systems that would be used in the Space Race.


6  Carry Fuel and Liquid oxygen inside of them.  These two fuels flow through pipes to a chamber where they are mixed together.  When proper proportions are achieved, the ignitor sparks and fires the rocket.

7  A solid rocket carries its fuel in a solid state.  The ignitor on the top ignites the solid fuel causing it to burn.  The thrust generated from the fuel is forced through the small airway out the nozzle.

8  Along with these inventions, Robert worked with the Navy developing Jet-assisted takeoff  During WWII, Germany made the V-2 rocket that was used to bomb Germany  Captain Charles E. Yeager, of the U.S. Air force broke the sound barrier in the X-1 rocket powered airplane in 1947  Later the X-15 rocket propelled airplane would reach 4,520mph, six times the speed of sound.

9  After WWII, Russia and America were the top two strongest nations in the world.  Conflict soon arose between the two nations because of their governing ideals, America which believed in freedom and democracy, while Russia followed a Communistic Dictatorship. This started the Cold War.  In 1957, The Russians carried the first artificial satellite into space, Sputnik 1. Starting the Space Race

10  Russia developed long range missiles known as the R-7 which had two firing stages.  In 1957, the Russians sent Sputnik 1 into orbit on a Rocket designed very similar to the R-7 missile.  A month later that year they sent up another satellite into space and a dog named Laika, proving creatures could survive outer space.  on April 12, 1961. Soviet air force pilot Yuri A. Gagarin became the first man in space aboard Vostok 1.

11  In 1945, after WWII, the Navy began to tamper with rockets and began to develop staged rockets, rockets that would fire more than once during their flight.  America developed NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) to head our space programs.  America sent Explorer 1 into space aboard their own rocket named Juno 1 on Jan, 31, 1958.  America sends Alan B. Shepard Jr. into space aboard a rocket named Freedom 7  The Gemini Projects practiced Rendezvous in space and experimented with how two spaceships could link together and how astronauts get from one capsule to another.

12  Russia had dominated the space race so far. But America was determined to out do them.  John F. Kennedy announced that within the next decade we would go to the moon. A daring plan to try and beat the Russians.

13  The Apollo Project developed the Saturn 5 rocket that would carry three men to the moon.  It was the most powerful rocket at the time, able to carry a 100,000 lb. capsule.  Thanks to its three stages, it was able to hit a top speed of 23,400 mph at its final stage.

14  The top of the rocket carried three separate modules  The command module held the three crew members as they flew through space toward the moon. They would also return to Earth in this capsule.

15  The next stage of the three different modules was the Lunar module.  This module carried Buzz and Armstrong down to the moon’s surface and it carried them back up to toward the command module.

16  Attached right behind the Command module, the service module looked like a giant can with one nozzle at the back.  This module contained the liquid rocket motor that propelled the three astronauts toward the moon.

17  Space Shuttles have come a long way.  The shuttle can fly like a rocket to get into space and lands like a plane when returning toward earth. Making them reusable.  They are used to preform experiments in outer space and shuttle equipment into space such as satellites.

18  The international space station allows nations across the world to preform experiments in space. Their advancements will improve our scientific knowledge and our future.  It is also one of the first colonies in space.


20  World Book 2009, © 2009 The Software Mackiev Company.  A History of the U.S. 9 Written by Joy Hakim, Edited by Christopher Caines © 1995, 1999 by Joy Hakim. Published by Oxford University Pres, Inc.  A History of the U.S. 10 Written by Joy Hakim, © 2006 by Joy Hakim, Published by Oxford University Press, Inc. 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York.  Pictures from

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