Presentation on theme: "Preparing for Installation Reviewing the list of tasks Working with DNS Recording information Backing up files Uncompressing the drive Disabling disk mirroring."— Presentation transcript:
Preparing for Installation Reviewing the list of tasks Working with DNS Recording information Backing up files Uncompressing the drive Disabling disk mirroring Disconnecting UPS devices Reviewing applications Checking for boot sector viruses Gathering materials
Minimum Hardware Requirements 32-bit Pentium 133 MHz 671 MB of free hard disk space 64 MB of memory VGA 640 x x CD ROM High-density 3.5-inch disk drive Mouse or other pointing device Network adapter card and a network connection
Hardware Compatibility Hardware and software automatically checked for compatibility Compatible hardware and devices on HCL Support only for devices on HCL
Disk Partitions Microsoft Windows 2000 can be installed on a new partition or on an existing partition. Windows 2000 Server is installed on the boot partition, which must be at least 671 MB. The operating system starts from the system partition. To install Windows 2000, mirroring must be disabled on the partitions and the disks must be uncompressed.
File Systems NTFS FAT
NTFS Contains basic capabilities of FAT plus advanced features Requires Microsoft Windows NT or Windows 2000 Used when a Windows 2000 partition requires specific features
FAT16 and FAT32 Allow access by and are compatible with more than one operating system Do not offer many of the features supported by NTFS Often used to support a dual-boot environment
File System Considerations Using an existing partition Converting an existing partition Choosing the FAT option
Licensing Per Server mode Per Seat mode Client Access License (CAL)
Upgrade or New Installation Upgrading: installing Windows 2000 Server in a directory that currently contains Windows NT Server 3.51, 4.0, or 4.0 Terminal Server Installing: placing the operating system in a new directory, wiping out the previous operating system, or installing Windows 2000 Server on a disk or partition with no operating system
Installation Methods Setup boot disk CD ROM Over-the-network
Setup Boot Disk Required if computer is not running MS DOS or Windows and does not support bootable CD ROM Allows you to start Windows 2000 to initiate emergency repair Can be created by using Makeboot.exe or Makebt32.exe
CD ROM BIOS must support bootable CD ROM. BIOS might need to be modified.
Over-the-Network Upgrading or installing on a Microsoft Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT computer Installing on a computer that is not running Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT
Choosing Which Components to Install When installing Windows 2000 Server, you can choose from a number of components that extend the functionality of Windows 2000 Server.
Windows 2000 Setup Programs Setup.exe Winnt.exe Winnt32.exe
Setup.exe Allows you to launch Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe Located in the root directory of the Windows 2000 Server installation CD ROM Allows you to install Windows 2000 Server, install add-on components, browse the CD ROM, or exit the Setup program Prompts you to install or upgrade to Windows 2000 if Windows NT Server 3.51, Windows NT Server 4.0, or an earlier version of Windows 2000 Server is running on the computer
Winnt.exe Used for a clean installation on a computer running MS DOS or Windows 3.x Commonly used for over-the-network installations that use an MS DOS client Can be executed from an MS DOS or a Windows 16-bit operating system command prompt Includes a number of switches that allow you to modify the behavior of the program
Winnt32.exe Used for a clean installation on a computer running Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT Workstation Used for a clean installation or upgrade on a computer running Windows NT Server 3.51, Windows NT Server 4.0, or an earlier version of Windows 2000 Server Can be executed from the Windows 2000 Server installation CD ROM or from a network share Includes a number of switches that allow you to modify the behavior of the program
The Installation Process Pre-Copy phase Text Mode phase GUI Mode phase
Pre-Copy Phase Installation files copied to temporary folders on local hard drive Allows you to choose not to create the boot floppy disks Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT running during this phase
Text Mode Phase Prompted for information needed to complete the installation Prompted to accept the Windows 2000 Server licensing agreement Existing Windows 2000 installations detected Existing partitions and free space detected, and partitions can be created File system is selected
GUI Mode Phase Gathering information about your computer Installing Windows 2000 Server networking Completing Setup
Introduction to a Windows 2000 Server Upgrade One basic process for upgrading a member server Guided through installation by the Setup wizard Reasons to upgrade Using same applications after upgrade
Upgrading Servers Can upgrade from Windows NT Server 3.51, Windows NT Server 4.0, and earlier versions of Windows 2000 Server Should upgrade to Windows NT Server 4.0 first if computer is running a pre-3.51 version of Windows NT Server Upgrade methods Finding Windows NT installation to upgrade
Introduction to a Domain Upgrade Three server roles in relation to domains At least one domain controller in a domain Several considerations in upgrading a domain Roles of servers in Windows NT domains and Windows 2000 domains
Planning for a Windows NT Domain Upgrade DNS domain name organization Namespace organization within large account domains Domain consolidation New machine accounts added for long-term organization Deployment of advanced technologies
Preparing for a Windows NT Domain Upgrade Back up the hard disks before upgrading any of the servers. Disconnect the network cable of a BDC in the Windows NT domain. Ensure that there is plenty of disk space on any computer that will be made a domain controller in the Windows 2000 domain.
Preparing to Upgrade the Domain Controller Disable WINS and DHCP. Set up a test environment.
Upgrading the Primary Domain Controller Upgrade the PDC first. You can choose whether to create a new domain or a child domain and whether to create a new forest or a domain tree in an existing forest. You can choose the location of three important files. After the server is upgraded, it is fully backward compatible.
Upgrading the Backup Domain Controllers
Upgrading Member Servers Upgrade the member servers. Member servers can be upgraded in any order.
Domain Consolidation Two methods for consolidating domains Advantages of domain consolidation Features that enable domain reconfiguration
Troubleshooting a Windows 2000 Server Installation Media errors Unsupported CD ROM drive Insufficient disk space Failure of dependency service to start Inability to connect to the domain controller Failure of Windows 2000 Server to install or start