Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byEllen Jordan Modified over 4 years ago

1
UNIT 4: Coordinate Geometry Distance, Pythagorean Theorem, Midpoint

2
Distance and Distance Formula Distance – the length of a line segment joining two points In the context of the coordinate plane, the distance between the ordered pairs (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) is defined by the formula on p. 171 and on your formula sheet and is illustrated on p. 171.

3
Examples p. 171 1)A line segment has endpoints A (-3, 17) and B (15, -7). What is the length of ?

4
Example 2 p. 171 2) Four points are graphed on a coordinate plane: E (5, 5); Z (-3, -1); F (-5, -5); and K (3, 1). What is true of the length of and ?

5
Example 3 page 172 3 An ambulance is called to a wreck on Interstate 40. Ambulance 1 is 4 miles west and 3 miles north of the wreck, and Ambulance 2 is 5 miles east and 2 miles south of the wreck. How far apart are the two ambulances from each other?

6
Example 4 p. 173 4)Find the perimeter of quadrilateral ABCD with vertex locations A (0, 0); B (2, 6); C (7, 6); and D (5, 0).

7
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES P. 174 5Two ships are sailing on the Indian Ocean, and one calls for emergency help. The first ship calls in its coordinates from the marina as 4 miles due east and 5 miles due north of the dock. The closest ship to them is 5 miles due west and 4 miles due north of the dock. How many miles is Ship 2 from Ship 1?

8
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES P. 174 6 An isosceles triangle is a triangle with at least two congruent (equal) sides. Determine if triangle ABC with vertices A (1, 5), B (2, 2), and C (4, 1) is an isosceles triangle. Explain.

9
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES P. 174 7)The area of a circle is calculated using the formula A = лr 2, where л ≈ 3.14 and r = radius. What is the area of a circle with a center (7, -10) and endpoint (-10, -4)?

10
Pythagorean Theorem the sum of the squares of the lengths of the two legs (a and b) of a right triangle is equal to the square of the length of the hypotenuse (c); another way to say this is a 2 + b 2 = c 2 Hypotenuse – the side opposite the right angle; the longest side of a right triangle

11
Distance formula is another way of writing the Pythagorean Theorem. See illustration p. 175. PROOF P. 175

12
EXAMPLE 1 P. 176 1)A line segment has endpoints G (2, 4) and H (-2, -1). What is the length of GH?

13
EXAMPLE 2 P. 176 2)Carter High School is located 3 miles west and 2 miles south of city hall, and Pizza Shack is located 1 mile east and 2 miles north of city hall. How far do students have to travel to reach Pizza Shack from Carter High School?

14
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES P. 177 3 The circumference of a circle is found by using the formula C = лd, where C = circumference, л ≈ 3.14, and d = diameter. What is the circumference of a circle with endpoints (-2, -1) and (4, -3). Assume that each unit on the grid represents 1 centimeter.

15
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES P. 177 4)Triangle XYZ has vertices X (-4, 1); Y (4, 1); and Z (4, 4). Prove that the triangle is a right triangle by using the Pythagorean Theorem and distance formula.

Similar presentations

© 2020 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google