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Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at www.mcgrawhill.ca/college/plummerwww.mcgrawhill.ca/college/plummer Chapter.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at www.mcgrawhill.ca/college/plummerwww.mcgrawhill.ca/college/plummer Chapter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks What do Sedimentary Structures Tell Us About? How Does Sediment Change Into a What Are the Main Types of Sedimentary Rocks? Sedimentary Rock? Depositional Conditions? What is Sediment? What Happens When Sediment is Moved?

2 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Sediment Particles and Clastic Sedimentary Rocks Table 9.1

3 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Sorting of Sediment by a River Figure 9.2

4 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Lithification of Sand Grains to Become Sandstone Figure 9.6

5 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Accumulation of Feldspar-Rich Sand Figure 9.11

6 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Poorly Sorted Sediment of Sand Grains Surrounded by a Matrix of Silt and Clay Figure 9.12

7 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Turbidity Current Flow Downslope Along the Sea Floor Figure 9.13

8 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Outcrop of Queenston Formation Shale Figure 9.14 Photo by N. Eyles

9 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Lithification of Shale from Compaction and Cementation of Wet Mud Figure 9.15

10 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Living Coral-Algal Reef Sheds Bioclastic Sediment into the Fore-reef and Back-reef Environments Figure 9.17

11 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Chemical Sedimentary Rocks Table 9.2

12 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Bedding and Cross-Bedding Figure 9.26 Photo by N. Eyles

13 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Bedform Stability Diagram for Flows Approximately 1 m Deep Box 9.2 – Figure 1

14 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Ripples Formed in Fine Sand Box 9.2 – Figure 2 Photo by N. Eyles

15 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Ripples Formed in Coarse-Grained Sands Box 9.2 – Figure 3 Photo by N. Eyles

16 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Horizontally Laminated Course-Grained Sands Box 9.2 – Figure 4 Photo by N. Eyles

17 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Development of Cross-Bedding in Wind-Blown Sand (A, B) and Current-Deposited Sand (C, D) Figure 9.28

18 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Development of Ripple Marks in Loose Sediment Figure 9.28

19 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Development of a Graded Bed of Sediment Deposited by a Turbidity Current Figure 9.31

20 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Geological Formations of Upper Ordovician to Silurian Age Exposed in Niagara Gorge, Ontario Figure 9.31 Photo by N. Eyles

21 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Geological Formations of Upper Ordovician to Silurian Age Exposed in Niagara Gorge, Ontario Figure 9.35 Photo by N. Eyles

22 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Sediment Deposits Transported Away from Source Area Figure 9.36

23 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Characteristics of the Salt Wash Member of the Morrison Formation that Help Locate Its Source Area Figure 9.37

24 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at The Common Sedimentary Environments of Deposition Figure 9.38

25 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Sedimentary Basics Associated with Convergent Plate Boundary Figure 9.41

26 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Divergent Plate Boundary Showing Thick Wedges of Gravel and Course Sand Figure 9.41

27 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Answers to Selected Testing Your Knowledge Questions B B D B B D B B A A B B C A

28 Chapter 9: Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Visit the Online Learning Centre at Additional Resources Student Resources Student Online Learning Centre The robust Student Edition of the Online Learning Centre at features quizzes for study and review, interactive exercises and animation, as well as additional boxed readings, searchable glossary, Virtual Vista environments, suggestions for further reading, and much more!www.mcgrawhill.ca/college/plummer Laboratory Manual The Lab Manual to accompany Physical Geology and the Environment has been created as a resource for laboratory sessions in physical geology, mirroring the "Inquiry-Based Approach" of the text. Structured on exercises and corresponding background concepts, the lab manual contains student-friendly worksheets, and has been perforated for easy lab use. Instructor Resources Instructor Online Learning Centre The OLC at includes a password-protected Web site for Instructors. The site offers downloadable supplements and access to PageOut, the McGraw-Hill Ryerson Web site development centre.www.mcgrawhill.ca/college/plummer Instructors Manual – The IM contains a chapter overview, list of changes per chapter, chapter learning objectives, further information on boxed features, short and long discussion/essay questions, and details on additional readings and resources outside the textbook. Test Bank – Contains a bank of multiple-choice and true/false questions per chapter. Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation – This presentation system offers visual presentations that may be edited and manipulated to fit a particular course format. They also contain selected solutions to the problem material. Transparencies A set of more than 200 transparencies tied to the text content are available for instructors.


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