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Figure S1. Effect of threshold distance on the number of OTUs. The grey box indicates maximal pyrosequencing and PCR-noise (Behnke et al., 2010; Quince.

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Presentation on theme: "Figure S1. Effect of threshold distance on the number of OTUs. The grey box indicates maximal pyrosequencing and PCR-noise (Behnke et al., 2010; Quince."— Presentation transcript:

1 Figure S1. Effect of threshold distance on the number of OTUs. The grey box indicates maximal pyrosequencing and PCR-noise (Behnke et al., 2010; Quince et al. 2011), and arrows indicate species-level threshold distances used for the assignment of sequences to OTUs in further analyses.

2 Figure S2. Effect of supplemental nitrate or nitrite on the ratio of N 2 O to total N gases. Mean values and standard errors of three replicates are shown. The Spearman correlation coefficient r for nitrate and nitrite to the ratio of N 2 O to total N gases was 1.0 and 0.9, respectively.

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4 Figure S3. Concentrations of organic acids and ethanol during anoxic microcosm incubations of peat soil after anoxic pre-incubation for 9 days to deplete nitrate and nitrite. Electron donors and nitrite were supplied at 0 and 1080 h as indicated by arrows. (1) unturbated and (2) cryoturbated peat soil; (A) Unsupplemented, (B) nitrite only, (C) nitrite and acetate, (D) nitrite and ethanol, (E) nitrite and formate, (F) nitrite and propionate, (G) nitrite and butyrate, and (H) nitrite and lactate. Samples of duplicate incubations were pooled per timepoint prior to analysis. Concentrations of acetate (closed squares), ethanol (open squares), formate (closed circles), propionate (open circles), butyrate (closed triangles), and lactate (open triangles) were measured.

5 Sequence Length (bp) Number of Sequences A Figure S4. Distribution of sequence read lenghts obtained by pyrosequencing of structural genes. A: narG, B: nirK, C: nirS, D: nosZ. Only sequences longer than 300 bp (nirK, nirS) and 350 bp (narG, nosZ) are shown.. B

6 Figure S4 (continued). Distribution of sequence read lenghts obtained by pyrosequencing of structural genes. A: narG, B: nirK, C: nirS, D: nosZ. Only sequences longer than 300 bp (nirK, nirS) and 350 bp (narG, nosZ) are shown Number of Sequences C D Sequence Length (bp) 550

7 Figure S5. Rarefaction analysis of narG forward (A) and reverse (B), nirK (C), nirS (D), nosZ foward (E) and reverse (F) sequences retrieved from unturbated (dashed lines) and cryoturbated (solid lines). Rarefaction curves and 95% confidence intervals are shown. Vertical lines indicate 250 sequence-level for comparisons of rarified number of OTUs [n(OTUs)]. Such comparisons of the rarified number of OTUs are less sensitive to accumulating PCR- and Pyrosequencing noise than utilizing all sequences obtained (Dickie, 2010).

8 Figure S6. Phylogenetic tree of narG reverse reads retrieved from unturbated and cryoturbated peat soil. The tree is based on translated amino acid sequences. Representatives for each OTU are shown. Relative abundances of sequences from unturbated and cryoturbated peat soil are shown in parentheses per OTU. Codes preceeding sequence names represent sequence accession numbers in public databases. In total, and sequences from reverse reads were obtained from unturbated and cryoturbated peat soil, respectively. Grey boxes indicate branches where the majority of sequences are derived from reference strains of a certain phylogenetic class. The percentage of replicate trees in which the associated taxa clustered together in the bootstrap test ( replicates) are shown next to the branches. Values below 50% have been omitted. The outgroup was narG of Haloarcula marismortui ATCC (NC ).

9 Figure S7. Phylogenetic tree of nosZ reverse reads retrieved from unturbated and cryoturbated peat soil. The tree is based on translated amino acid sequences. Representatives for each OTU are shown. Relative abundances of sequences from unturbated and cryoturbated peat soil are shown in parentheses per OTU. Codes preceeding sequence names represent sequence accession numbers in public databases. In total, and sequences from reverse reads were obtained from unturbated and cryoturbated peat soil, respectively. Grey boxes indicate branches where the majority of sequences are derived from reference strains of a certain phylogenetic class; white boxes indicate minority sequences from genera not affiliated with the indicated class. The percentage of replicate trees in which the associated taxa clustered together in the bootstrap test ( replicates) are shown next to the branches. Values below 50% have been omitted. The outgroup was nosZ of Haloarcula marismortui ATCC (NC ).


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