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Rational Numbers

A rational number is a number that can be written as 𝑎/𝑏 where a and b are integers and b ≠ 0.

Because you can divide any integer by any nonzero integer, you can use long division to write fractions and mixed numbers as decimals. These decimals are also rational numbers and will either terminate or repeat.

A terminating decimal is a decimal that ends. For example: 1. 5, −0
A terminating decimal is a decimal that ends. For example: 1.5, −0.25, A repeating decimal is a decimal that has a pattern that repeats. For example: − = − = 0. 15

Modeling Write -2 1 4 as a decimal. Write 5 11 as a decimal.
Answer: -2.25, 0.45 repeating

Practice − 6 5 −7 3 8 − 3 11 1 5 27

Modeling Write −0.26 as a fraction in simplest form.

Practice Write the decimal as a fraction or a mixed number in simplest form. 5. − − −10.25

Modeling A box turtle hibernates in sand at − feet. A spotted turtle hibernates at − feet. Which turtle is deeper?

Practice You lose one quarter, two dimes, and two nickels. a. Write the amount as a decimal. b. Write the amount as a fraction in simplest form.

Lesson Beginning Copy and complete the statement. -0.85 ___ − 3 4
1.25 ____1 1 5 2 3 ____. 6

Commutative Property of Addition
Words: In a sum, you can add terms in any order. Numbers: 5 + (-6) Algebra: a + b b + a

Commutative Property of Multiplication
Words: In a product, you can multiply factors in any order. Numbers: 4(-7) -7(4) Algebra: ab ba

Associative Property of Addition
Words: Changing the grouping of terms will not change the sum. Numbers: (9 + 8) (8 +6) Algebra: (a + b) + c a +(b + c)

Associative Property of Multiplication
Words: Changing the grouping of factors will not change the product. Numbers: (2 x 3) x 4 2 x (3 x 4) Algebra: (ab)c a(bc)

Inverse Property of Addition
Words: The sum of a number and its additive inverse, or opposite, is 0. Numbers: 5 + (-5) 0 Algebra: a + (-a) 0

Inverse Property of Multiplication
Words: The product of a non zero number and its multiplicative inverse ,or reciprocal, is 1. Numbers: 3 4 x 4 3 =1 Algebra: For nonzero integers a and b, 𝑎 𝑏 × 𝑏 𝑎 =1

Identity Property of Addition
Words: The sum of a number and the additive identity, 0, is the number. Numbers: = -7 Algebra: a + 0 = a

Identity Property of Multiplication
Words: The product of a number and the multiplicative identity , 1, is the number. Numbers: 9 x 1 = 9 Algebra: a(1) = a

Modeling Identify the properties. − 4 5 ×− 5 4 =1 -3.5 + 3.5 = 0
− 4 5 ×− 5 4 =1 = 0 = 8 + (-4) (-7.9)(1) = -7.9

Practice Tell which property is being illustrated. -3 + 0 = -3
15 x 8 = 8 x 15 (5 + 4) + 6 = 5 + (4 + 6)

Modeling Evaluate the expression. Justify each step (-4.4)

Modeling Evaluate the expression. Justify each step you take (− 2 3 )

Practice Evaluate the expression. Justify each step you take.
-25 (7) (-4) − 5 3 × × 4 7

Homework Pg 304 # 1, 2, 3 – 37 odd

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