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Types of cells. + + + – – – Overview Cells are containers of liquid with electrodes: In electrolytic cells, electricity is used to force chemicals to.

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Presentation on theme: "Types of cells. + + + – – – Overview Cells are containers of liquid with electrodes: In electrolytic cells, electricity is used to force chemicals to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of cells

2 + + + – – – Overview Cells are containers of liquid with electrodes: In electrolytic cells, electricity is used to force chemicals to undergo a redox reaction In galavanic cells, electricity is produced spontaneously from a redox reaction Source or use of electricity Molten or aqueous chemicals Cell Electrode

3 Assignment Read pg Answer these questions: 1)What in this room is a product of electrolysis? 2)Are ions at the anode gaining or losing electrons? What about at the cathode? 3)How is the conduction of electricity in a wire different from in an electrolytic cell. 4)Will electricity be conducted indefinitely through an electrolytic cell? Explain. 5)697 gives the cell reaction for the electrolysis of NaCl. Write half reactions and the cell reaction for the electrolysis of HF(aq)

4 Answers 1)Aluminum cans, copper wires 2)Anode = oxidation = loss of electrons (LEO) Cathode= reduction= gain of electrons (GER) 3)In wire, electricity means flow of electrons past metal atoms. In electrolysis, electricity means the movement of ions. 4)No. Only until all of the ions are used up. 5)2H + (aq) + 2e – H 2 (cathode / reduction) 2F – (aq) F 2 + 2e – (anode / oxidation) 2H + (aq) + 2F – (aq) H 2 (g) + F 2 (g) Read over study note

5 The electrolytic cell Electric current forces charges on electrodes – – – Na + Cl – Na + takes up an electron: Na + (aq) + e – Na Cl – gives up an electron: 2Cl – (aq) Cl 2 + 2e – Thus electricity continues to flow Pure Na is deposited, Cl 2 gas is produced Na + is attracted to negative, Cl – to positive

6 Activity 1)Add a scoop of CuCl 2 to a 50 mL beaker 2)Add about 30 mL of distilled water 3)Stir until the CuCl 2 is completely dissolved 4)Remove a piece of aluminum (about 5 cm square) from the role of aluminum foil 5)Submerse the aluminum in the CuCl 2 (aq) 6)What is produced? (think about the chemicals that you started with) 7)Write the redox reactions for what you saw: ___ + _e – ___ ___ ___ + _e – 8)Give the cell reaction 9)Dump solution down sink. Rinse & dry beaker Cu Cu 2+ Al 3+ CuAl23GERLEO 3Cu Al 3Cu + 2Al 3+

7 Assignment (read 17.5) 1)Where in the room is there a galvanic cell? 2)In fig.17.12, is a solution with Cu 2+ needed for the Cu half-cell to conduct? Is a solution containing Ag + needed for the Ag half-cell? 3)Looking at 17.12, which electrode is losing electrons, which is gaining electrons, which is reduction, which is oxidation? 4)How do anodes and cathodes differ between electrolytic and galvanic cells? 5)Try PE 5 (similar to example 17.5) 6)You saw that Cu and Al react. How can these be used in a galvanic cell to produce energy (i.e. draw a diagram as in PE 5)

8 Assignment 1)Batteries (computer, walkman) are galvanic 2)Cu 2+ in unnecessary since it comes off of the Cu electrode, Ag + is needed because this is deposited onto the Ag electrode 3)Cu is losing electrons to become Cu 2+ (oxidation), Ag + is gaining electrons to become Ag (reduction). 4)In both, oxidation occurs at the anode and reduction at the cathode. Electrolytic: anode = + ve, cathode = – ve. Galvanic: anode = – ve, cathode = + ve

9 5) Answers: PE 5 Mg Mg e – (oxidation - LEO) Fe e – Fe (reduction - GER) Mg + Fe 2+ Mg 2+ + Fe Electron flow Salt bridgeFe (+)Mg (–) Fe 2+ Mg 2+

10 6) Answers: Cu and Al Al Al e – (oxidation - LEO) Cu e – Cu (reduction - GER) 3Cu Al 3Cu + 2Al 3+ Electron flow Salt bridgeCu (+) Al (–) Cu 2+ Al 3+ For more lessons, visit


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