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**Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory**

Planar triangular Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory Tetrahedral Trigonal bipyramidal Octahedral

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VSEPR Theory 06/10/99 Based on Lewis structures we can know the shape or “geometry” of molecules The theory that predicts geometry (based on Lewis structures) is abbreviated VSEPR VSEPR (pronounced “vesper”) stands for Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion VSEPR, as the name suggests, predicts geometry based on the repulsion of electron pairs (in bonds or by themselves) Electrons around the central nucleus repel each other. Thus, resulting structures have atoms maximally spread out (balloon demo)

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VSEPR overview 06/10/99 The balloons represent electron clouds. At the end of each balloon will be a peripheral atom. The balloons meet at a central atom. Each shape containing 2-6 peripheral atoms has a name (you will have to know these) Sometimes the molecules are represented by AXY, where Y is the # of peripheral atoms AX2 = linear AX3 = planar triangular AX4 = tetrahedral (tetra = 4 faces) AX5 = trigonal bipyramidal (2 pyramids) AX6 = octahedral (octa = 8 faces) Work on handout (follow instructions on sheet)

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Planar triangular Tetrahedral Trigonal bipyramidal Octahedral

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**For more lessons, visit www.chalkbored.com**

06/10/99 See tomorrow’s lesson for the remaining slides from today’s handout For more lessons, visit

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Molecular Shapes Chapter 6 Section 3. Molecular Structure It mean the 3-D arrangement of atoms in a molecule Lewis dot structures show how atoms are bonded.

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