Presentation on theme: "Aim: How to write chemical equations?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim: How to write chemical equations? DO NOW:Define a chemical reaction.What are some evidence of a chemical reaction occurring?Give an example of a chemical reaction.How can scientists represent a chemical reaction?
2 What is a Chemical Reaction? A reaction in which the substance goes through a chemical change.Evidence of a chemical reaction:Release of heat or lightColor changeProduction of gasFormation of a precipitate (solid)
3 What is a Chemical Equation? A chemical equation represents the formulas and amounts of the reactants and products in a chemical reaction.(NH4)2Cr2O7 (s) N2(g) Cr2O3(aq) H2O(g)REACTANTS PRODUCTS
4 Word Equations An equation written in words. Names of the reactants are to the left of the arrow separated by the plus sign; names of the products are to the right of the arrow separated by plus signs.
5 Write the word equation Zinc and lead (II) nitrate react to form zinc nitrate and lead.2. Potassium metal and chlorine gas combine to form potassium chlorideZinc lead (II) nitrate zinc nitrate leadPotassium + Chlorine potassium chloride
6 Writing Chemical (Formula) Equations Represents the reactants and products of a chemical reaction by their symbols or formulas.Indicate the physical state of a substance; (s) solid, (l) liquid, (g) gas, (aq) aqueous solution (dissolved in water).Fe(s) + O2(g) Fe2O3(s)
7 Law of Conservation of Mass Chemical equations must be BALANCED.LAW of CONSERVATION of MASS: mass can neither be CREATED nor DESTROYED in a chemical reaction.# of MOLES of each ELEMENT on the REACTANTS (left) side = # of MOLES of each ELEMENT on the PRODUCTS (right) side
8 Balancing Equations Let’s look at the BALANCED equation below: C + O2 CO2*Note that there is 1 mol of carbon and 2 mol of oxygen on each side of the arrow.
9 Balancing EquationsNow, let’s examine the following UNBALANCED equation:H2 + O2 H2OQ: How does this unbalanced equation violate the Law of Conservation of Mass?
10 Method for Balancing Equations Step 1: Draw a line to separate products from reactantsStep 2: List each of the different elements on each side of the lineStep 3: Count up the number of atoms on each side & record next to the element symbol
11 Method for Balancing Equations Step 4: Find and balance the most complex compound in the equation. Balance the same elements on the opposite side of the equation.Step 5: Now, continue balancing the elements by changing coefficients until you have the same number of each element on both sides of the equation.
12 NOTE: WE NEVER CHANGE THE SUBSCRIPTS IN A FORMULA NOTE: WE NEVER CHANGE THE SUBSCRIPTS IN A FORMULA! ONLY CHANGE COEFFICENT.
13 Balancing Chemical Equations CH4(g) + O2(g) CO2(g) + H2O(g) C= 1 C= 1 H = 4 H= 2 O = 2 O = 31212444
14 Write and balance the chemical equation. Zinc and lead (II) nitrate react to form zinc nitrate and lead.Potassium metal and chlorine gas combine to form potassium chlorideZn Pb(NO3)2 Zn(NO3) Pb2K + Cl2 2KCl