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Health & Productivity Management: The 4 th Generation of Worksite Health Promotion The Third National Disease Management Summit Joseph A. Leutzinger, Ph.D.

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Presentation on theme: "Health & Productivity Management: The 4 th Generation of Worksite Health Promotion The Third National Disease Management Summit Joseph A. Leutzinger, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Health & Productivity Management: The 4 th Generation of Worksite Health Promotion The Third National Disease Management Summit Joseph A. Leutzinger, Ph.D. Senior Consultant, WELCOA Formerly, director-health promotion Union Pacific Railroad

2 Presentation Outline Evolution of Field Health & Productivity Management UPRR Program and data examples Closing comments

3 Evolution of Field 1st Generation Recreation Programs Primary Focus - Recreation Goal(s) - Provide recreation alternative activities.

4 Evolution of Field 2nd Generation General Fitness Program Primary Focus - Exercise/Fitness Goal(s) - improve fitness levels - general well-being

5 Evolution of Field 3rd Generation Risk Identification/Risk Reduction Programs Primary focus - identify risk factors Goal(s) - Reduce/Elimate risk factors and associated costs

6 Evolution of Field 4th Generation Health/Productivity Management Primary Focus - enhance health, increase productivity Goal(s) - Increase productivity/decrease absenteeism Decrease productivity related negative influence

7 Health/Productivity Management = 4th Generation Health Promotion

8 Health and Productivity Management Moves away from cost savings and Emphasizes: Growth Human capital interest Re-examination of asset categories

9 Workplace Jacob (1901-??) U.S. Born - first wireless communications signal was sent across the Atlantic 7 years old - First model T introduced 12 years old - Federal Income Tax created 20 years old - First radio broadcast 40 years old - Television introduced 63 years old - Before Surgeon General warned cigarettes are harmful.

10 Workplace According to Michael Mazaar - Author and Futurist: Changes we are going to see over the next 20 years will seem pale in comparison

11 Workplace In a transition era - everything may be different institutions, education, politics, business and health care.

12 Workplace Moving from an Industrial era to a Knowledge Era.

13 Workplace Components of a Knowledge Era: The acquisition Dissemination Use Storage Manipulation of Information

14 Implications of this transition era: People become critically important

15 While America may be the best place in the world to get sick, it is not the best place to be or remain healthy. »Tyler Norris

16 Organizational Health Indicators UPRRs Health Promotion Department –Maintain/Reduce Lifestyle-Related Health Care Costs –Improve Employee Relations –Improve Employee Productivity

17 Brief Program Overview Initial & Ongoing Programs Newer Programs/Studies Future Projects

18 2001 BFDs Identified at UPRR Personal Injuries Fuel Costs Training Car Utilization Mexico Business Protection Guarantee Derailment Prevention Health &Welfare Program

19 Why BFD Status Health Care Cost Increase Evaluation Data –Cost Scenario Study –Relationship between health & safety

20 Initial & Ongoing Programs System Health Facilities Medical Self-Care By The Numbers: 0-1-2-4 Health Track

21 System Health Facilities Company Sponsored exercise facilities: 450 locations in 23 states Most- contracts with local vendors Pay for usage experience - no individual memberships Medical and Liability form replaced with modified Par Q

22 Medical Self-Care Goals and Program Overview Part of consumer directed health care movement

23 Health Track Pilot Study 92-94 Focused on CV high-risk population Should model be expanded?

24 Project Health Track - Pilot Results

25 Benefit:Cost Ratio - Project Health Track

26 Health Track High risk identification/risk reduction program 10 risk areas: Obesity Asthma Blood Pressure Inactivity Stress Fatigue Diabetes Cholesterol Smoking Depression

27 Health Track Health Risk Appraisal Staging Group 0 Group 1: 1-2 Risk Factors Group 2: 3-4 Risk Factors Group 3: 5+ Risk Factors Group 2-Action (2-4) & Group 3 = Telephonic Counseling Group 1 & 2 (pre action) stage based materials

28 Health Track


30 Newer Programs Menu Know Your Numbers B.O.B.

31 Menu Change in our approach Restaurant example Not if, but WHAT? Employees can participate in multiple programs varying in intensity & time commitment.

32 Menu Benefits of Menu Approach –More options –Greater participation –Able to track progress –Possibly able to get HMQ filled out later. –Increase participation in HMQ new participants.

33 Innovators Early Adopters Late Adopters Laggards



36 Know Your Numbers Broad-based Education Initiative Health related quantitative values all employees Should know –2002 2003 –30 Exercise 33(%) Diabetics – 24 BMI 7 Cancer –80+ Health Monitor Index 3500 Calories –8 Sleep requirements 10 Strategies

37 Behavior Change Successful individual behavior change depends on: individual, group, institutional and community influences. Public policy A supportive environment

38 What About B.O.B.? Readiness Review Pharmacological Assistance Behavior Change Support Personal Progress Surveys –SPD-program part of benefits

39 Projects/Studies Underway R.O.N T.E.D NHLBI –Cholesterol –Weight De Soto Project

40 R.O.N. Following B.O.B. format 7 intervention Strategies –Pedometer –Onsite or Telephone Counseling –Coaching Points –Stage Based Materials –Interactive Website –Pharmacological Assistance –Periodic Assessments

41 T.E.D. Purpose: To determine if increased blood glucose monitoring and control can be achieved through an educational and compliance reminder program. 3 groups –Control –Education –Education + compliance reminder phone calls

42 NHLBI Cholesterol Weight Both- testing messaging and delivery to determine impact on behavior change

43 DeSoto Project Comprehensive Site design –Health Track –Environmental Policy Changes –Community Outreach –Local Physician Involvement

44 Program Future Direction Alertness Management Program Integration Health Index Benefits/Safety integration

45 Projected Costs of Four Different Program Scenarios of the Effectiveness of Health Promotion, in Constant 1998 Dollars. AJHP Sept/Oct 2000, Vol. 15, No.1 Cost Scenario Study

46 No Change 1% Reduction $77.4M Opportunity UP is predicted to have a 2.6% annual increase in lifestyle related claims cost HERO Results Outcomes

47 We spend about $550 Million a year on health care…Its a huge number. Weve had several outside experts estimate that our wellness program saves us about $40 Million…Its one hell of an investment. Dick Davidson, CEO Union Pacific Railroad WELCOM CEO Breakfast July 2000

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