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The French Revolution Moderate Phase : 1789-1792 Social inequality & economic problems contribute to Revolution Social inequality & economic problems.

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Presentation on theme: "The French Revolution Moderate Phase : 1789-1792 Social inequality & economic problems contribute to Revolution Social inequality & economic problems."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The French Revolution Moderate Phase : 1789-1792 Social inequality & economic problems contribute to Revolution Social inequality & economic problems contribute to Revolution..\..\powermediaplus\18-1a. The Financial Crisis.wmv..\..\powermediaplus\18-1a. The Financial Crisis.wmv

3 The Three Estates Orders or classes of society 1 st Estate - Clergy High clergy-.5-1% High clergy-.5-1% 2 nd Estate – Nobility positions in gov’t- 2-3% positions in gov’t- 2-3% 3 rd Estate – commoners Commoners: Commoners: Bourgeoisie-or middle class Bourgeoisie-or middle class Peasants - Divided by wealth, Peasants - Divided by wealth, occupation, education occupation, education

4 Louis XVI 1774- succeed grandfather 1774- succeed grandfather Had little desire to rule-was incompetent Had little desire to rule-was incompetent Indecisive, bad political judgment Indecisive, bad political judgment Lavish spending by Marie Antoinette Lavish spending by Marie Antoinette Could not deal with fiscal problems brought on by wars, lavish spending, poor harvests Could not deal with fiscal problems brought on by wars, lavish spending, poor harvests unemployment, slowed manufacturing unemployment, slowed manufacturing

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6 Representative Assembly Called into session after 175 yrs Need to fix financial problems $$$$$ Delegates were chosen from 3 estates Convened at Versailles on May 5 Estates General - May 1789..\..\..\powermediaplus\18-1b.May -July New Gov't. and Storming of Bastille.wmv

7 The Three Estates in France What is wrong with this? Population 1st– 0.5% 2nd – 1.5% 3rd – 98% Land Ownership 1st – 10% 2nd – 20% 3rd – 70% Taxation 1st – 0% 2nd – 0% 3rd – 100%

8 Each estate had one vote 3 rd estate objected! Why? 300 Delegates 300 Delegates 600 Delegates How did they vote in the E. G.?

9 National Assembly of France formed in June 1789 June 17- 3 rd Estate becomes national legislature-invites others June 17- 3 rd Estate becomes national legislature-invites others June 20-meeting hall locked; move to Tennis Court June 20-meeting hall locked; move to Tennis Court Made a oath to write a new constitution = Made a oath to write a new constitution = Tennis Court Oath Many don’t understand implications Many don’t understand implications Give up privileges; tax immunities Give up privileges; tax immunities

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11 Summer of 1789 July 14- 100,000 Parisians storm the Bastille Prison Symbol- of absolutism of Old Regime Revolution has begun! The Great Fear –throughout summer of 1789 Panic spreads; peasants attack nobles’ property Panic spreads; peasants attack nobles’ property Burn, loot, destroy property Burn, loot, destroy property

12 End of the “old Regime” August 4 August 4 Relics of Feudalism ends! Relics of Feudalism ends! Noble lose privileges & tax exemptions Noble lose privileges & tax exemptions August 26 [find Enlight. Ideas in doc] August 26 [find Enlight. Ideas in doc] “Declaration of the Rights of Man” “Declaration of the Rights of Man” Acts as a preamble to the constitution Acts as a preamble to the constitution It is a charter of basic liberties It is a charter of basic liberties Equal before law; Equal before law; eligible for public office eligible for public office Free press, speech, religion Free press, speech, religion

13 Women of Paris React Oct. 5-6, 1789 Parisian women have been rioting in Paris: Parisian women have been rioting in Paris: over high bread prices over high bread prices Oct. 5 th they walk to Versailles & demand that Louis sign August 4 th decrees Oct. 5 th they walk to Versailles & demand that Louis sign August 4 th decrees Oct. 6 th - mob storms palace & take king/queen back to Paris Oct. 6 th - mob storms palace & take king/queen back to Paris Food, rights!!

14 France remains bankrupt…. France remains bankrupt…. Church land seized, sold for needed $$$$ Church land seized, sold for needed $$$$ reduce # of bishops; salaries paid by the state Gov’t.t controls Church reduce # of bishops; salaries paid by the state Gov’t.t controls Church Many Catholics become enemies of the revolution Many Catholics become enemies of the revolution Assembly applies ideas of Adam Smith Assembly applies ideas of Adam Smith Few regulations-free competition! Few regulations-free competition! 1790-Civil Constitution of the Clergy [ Church Reforms]

15 Constitution of 1791 France became a limited monarchy France became a limited monarchy King was a figure head-fewer powers than U.S. president King was a figure head-fewer powers than U.S. president Established executive, legislative & judicial branches Established executive, legislative & judicial branches Only some men could vote Only some men could vote Women –possibility of divorce Women –possibility of divorce But were ‘passive citizens’ But were ‘passive citizens’ Other individual rights guaranteed Other individual rights guaranteed Jews granted citizenship Jews granted citizenship Over 2,000 laws passed by N.A. Over 2,000 laws passed by N.A.

16 National Assembly emancipated Jews in France During the French Revolution, which began in 1789, the Jewish Question was debated. Conservatives, who opposed the liberal tenets of the Revolution, maintained that Jews should remain separate and not be given equal civil status with French citizens. The liberal and radical leaders, however, argued that all people, including Jews, should be entitled to the rights of citizenship. In 1791, the National Assembly voted for the rights of citizenship to be extended to Jews. A year later, a Jew was elected to the National Assembly. Thus, the Revolution emancipated Jews in France. During the French Revolution, which began in 1789, the Jewish Question was debated. Conservatives, who opposed the liberal tenets of the Revolution, maintained that Jews should remain separate and not be given equal civil status with French citizens. The liberal and radical leaders, however, argued that all people, including Jews, should be entitled to the rights of citizenship. In 1791, the National Assembly voted for the rights of citizenship to be extended to Jews. A year later, a Jew was elected to the National Assembly. Thus, the Revolution emancipated Jews in France.debated

17 Dec. of the Rights of Women & the Female Citizen Published in 1791 by Olympe deGouges Published in 1791 by Olympe deGouges modeled on the Dec. of the Rights of Man… modeled on the Dec. of the Rights of Man… The 1st article: “Woman is born free & remains equal to man in rights. Social distinctions may only be based on common utility”. The 1st article: “Woman is born free & remains equal to man in rights. Social distinctions may only be based on common utility”. She said: “Women have the right to mount the scaffold, they must also have the right to mount the speaker’s rostrum”. She said: “Women have the right to mount the scaffold, they must also have the right to mount the speaker’s rostrum”. Executed during the Reign of Terror Executed during the Reign of Terror

18 What about Women??? Olympe deGouges wrote The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen -1791 Based on Declaration of the Rights of Man &of the Citizen Based on Declaration of the Rights of Man &of the Citizen She states that: She states that: “This revolution will only take effect when all women become fully aware of their deplorable condition, and of the rights they have lost in society”. “This revolution will only take effect when all women become fully aware of their deplorable condition, and of the rights they have lost in society”. The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen follows the seventeen articles of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen point for point The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen follows the seventeen articles of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen point for point She is executed during the Reign of Terror She is executed during the Reign of Terror


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