Presentation on theme: "The Present Perfect tense How and when to use it"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Present Perfect tense How and when to use it
2 Present Perfect Verb Tense we use to describe: 1) Experiences in the past2) Completed events3) Actions that began in the past and continue now, with consequences in the present time
3 Main Uses of the Present Perfect Something that started in the past and still true nowExample: Spain has been a member of the EU since 1986
4 Main uses of the Present Perfect Indefinite past action(the time is unspecified or unknown)Example: I have seen that person somewhere?
5 Main uses of the Present Perfect Repeated action in the pastExample:I have been to England lots of times
6 Main uses of the Present Perfect An action that began in the past and has recently finished (we can add “just”)Example:My sister has just arrived from holidays, she told me the flight was very nice
7 How to form the Present Perfect Subject + have / has + past participleI spokenYou begunHe shownShe comeIt goneWe cutThey becomePeople swumEveryone won…..
8 Past Participles What is a past participle? For regular past tense verbs, the –ed form: liked, walked, worked, talkedFor irregular past verbs, memorize:been, seen, had, eaten, shown, written
9 Do you know the past participles? Click Here to Find Out.Click!Or here!Or here, too.
10 Key words for present perfect Already = (adv.) before nowI have already finished my homework.Not yet = (adv.) not before nowScientists have not discovered a cure yet
11 Key words for present perfect Never = (adv.) not at any timein the past, including nowI have never seensuch a beautiful sunset!Ever = (adv.) at any time, including the present** Used only in questionsHave you ever ridden a horse?
12 Reminder about Adverb Placement With two verbs (auxiliary and main verb), place the adverb between themI have never eaten raw fish.
13 Key words for present perfect Before = at some time in the past behind the present timeI have been to Las Vegas before.Several times, many times, a few times, a couple of times, a lot of times = for indefinite or repeated past actions
14 Key words for present perfect Since and forSince + specific point in the past when the action startedI have lived here since 1987 ( /sIns/ )For + duration, length of timeI have lived here for 34 years
15 Practice: since or for? _______ 6:00 _______ January _______ Wednesday _______ a month_______ two days ago_______ November 1_______ 2004_______ an hour_______ I was young_______ January_______ 10 years_______ Monday_______ 12 noon_______ I got up_______ 5 minutes_______ a long time ago_______ four days
16 Need more practice with since and for? Click Here!Or here!
17 Online Practice Simple Practice Forming Questions in Present Perfect Change to Present PerfectMore PracticeStill More Practice