2 RegionRegion – an area of Earth’s surface with one or more shared characteristic.
3 LocationLocation – where something is. Absolute location defines the exact spot on Earth. Relative location describes the position of a place in relation to another place.
4 PlacePlace – can be described both by its physical location and by its physical and human feature.
5 MovementMovement – people and ideas moving from place to place (p 7)
6 Human Characteristics Human Characteristics of land – changes to the land that were made by people
7 Physical Characteristics Physical characteristics of land – describe the type of land in an area
8 Human-Environmental Interaction Human-Environmental Interaction – how people and their surroundings affect each other (p 7)
9 HemisphereHemisphere – halves of the globe. The equator divides the globe into 2 halves – northern and southern. The Prime Meridian and International Dateline divide the globe into 2 halves – eastern and western (p 5)
10 LatitudeLatitude - imaginary lines that circle the globe and run east to west. Also called parallels because they are parallel to the equator (p 4)
11 LongitudeLongitude – imaginary north-south lines that circle the globe and that pass through the north and south Poles (p 5)
12 Culturethe beliefs, customs, practices, and behaviors of a particular nation or group of people
13 Ethnica group of people who have the same language, culture, or religion
14 Cultural Diffusionthe spread of cultural traits from one culture to another
15 Unitary Systema central government makes all laws for the entire country.
16 Confederationsystem where independent states join together and give limited powers to a common government
17 Federal Systemsystem where power is divided among central, regional, and local governments
18 Autocracya form of government in which all the power is held by a single person
19 OligarchyOligarchy – government ruled by a small group of people
20 Democracya form of government in which citizens hold political power. VOTING