Presentation on theme: "SOM Sponsors: RAC, GRID, CLOUD OR ON THE WAY TO ORACLE CLOUD 11GR2 RAC FEATURES REVIEW By: Ahmed Baraka (Independent) Yury Velikanov (Pythian) & All of."— Presentation transcript:
SOM Sponsors: RAC, GRID, CLOUD OR ON THE WAY TO ORACLE CLOUD 11GR2 RAC FEATURES REVIEW By: Ahmed Baraka (Independent) Yury Velikanov (Pythian) & All of you
SOM Sponsors: RAC, Grid, Cloud... It isnt just Real Applications Cluster anymore... Clusterware Administration and Deployment Guide ASM file system and volume manager Storage Administrator's Guide SCAN, GNS, DHCP, DNS, Grid Infrastructure One node RAC
SOM Sponsors: The speaker Ahmed Baraka 8 years working with Oracle (DBA and Developer) OCP in Oracle DBA 9i, 10g and 11g www.ahmedbaraka.com
SOM Sponsors: Main Changes in Oracle 11g R2 RAC Oracle RAC One Node Grid Plug and Play ASM Cluster File System (ACFS) Grid Naming Service (GNS) Changes on Oracle 11g R2 RAC Installation
SOM Sponsors: Oracle RAC One Node DB1 Server A DB2DB3 Server B DB4 Server C DB5 shared storage A single instance database offering better availability than a standalone single instance database.
SOM Sponsors: Always on single-instance database Oracle RAC One Node combines Omotion, shared storage, and a clustered infrastructure to provide powerful availability features. DB1 Server A DB2DB3 Server B DB4 Server C DB5 shared storage DB2
SOM Sponsors: Always on single-instance database Omotion enables customers to online migrate from one generation of servers to anotherno downtime required Online maintenance for both database and OS Enhanced Protection from Failures: cold failover (5 to 30 minutes) Better Server Consolidation White Paper: Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node
SOM Sponsors: Grid Plug and Play Reduce cost of adding and removing nodes Powered by GNS DBCA, NETCA, OME and SRVCTL have been updated to support Grid Plug and Play srvctl add instance
SOM Sponsors: ASM Cluster File System (ACFS) General purpose files, such as Oracle binaries, can now be saved on Oracle ASM volumes 64-bit file system data structure NFS and CIFS compatible Journaling file system
SOM Sponsors: Grid Naming Service (GNS) Enables using DHCP, which must be configured in the subdomain in which the cluster resides. Proivdes self-management of the network requirements for the cluster. Adds complexity to RAC architecture
SOM Sponsors: Changes on Oracle 11g R2 RAC Installation Oracle Grid Infrastructure: includes ASM (Clusterware and ASM Homes) OCR and Voting on ASM storage: not supported in 11g Release 1. Automatic SSH Connectivity Hangchecktimer Not Needed
SOM Sponsors: Oracle 11g R2 RAC Installation Plan Oracle Grid Infrastructure Install Grid Infrastructure Home Patching RDBMS Software Install RAC Home Patching Run ASMCA to create diskgroups Run DBCA to create the database
SOM Sponsors: Oracle 11g R2 RAC Sample With No GNS or IPMI
SOM Sponsors: Single Client Access Name (SCAN) SCAN is a domain name used by all clients connecting to the cluster. Registered to three IP addresses in DNS or GNS
SOM Sponsors: OCR and Voting on ASM storage OCR and Voting can now be configured on an ASM diskgroup. Supports up to five copies of OCR
SOM Sponsors: Fixup Scripts For an incomplete task that is marked "fixable", fixup script can be generated.
SOM Sponsors: Hangchecktimer Not Needed Replaced by the cluster synchronization service daemon Agent and Monitor to provide more accurate recognition of hangs and to avoid false termination.
SOM Sponsors: Supporting IPMI Supporting Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is an industry standard management protocol that is included with many servers today. Operates independently of the OS. Uses baseboard management controller (BMC) to communicate to the server. Clusterware uses it when node fencing is required and the server it not responding.
SOM Sponsors: Summary Oracle 11g Release 2 Changes: Oracle RAC One Node ASM Cluster File System (ACFS) Grid Naming Service (GNS) SCAN Automatic SSH Connectivity Fixup Scripts OCR and Voting on ASM Storage Hangchecktimer Not Needed Supporting IPMI
Tools Cluster Verification Utility (CVU): cluvfy Server Control (SRVCTL) Oracle Clusterware Control (CRSCTL) Oracle Interface Configuration Tool (OIFCFG) Oracle Cluster Registry Configuration Tool (OCRCONFIG) You can also use the OCRCHECK and OCRDUMP utilities to troubleshoot configuration problems that affect OCR.
SOM Sponsors: # ps -ef | grep gns root 26790 1 2 14:41 ? 00:00:00 /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/gnsd.bin -trace-level 0 -ip- address 10.10.193.201 -startup-endpoint ipc://GNS_hostrac01_23867_408c49e351f1f6a8 root 26825 17210 0 14:41 pts/1 00:00:00 grep gns Unfortunately there is no description as of now in the documentation or MOS on how to change it to generate invaluable diagnostic information. NOTE: I am sure the documentation will be updated in Database 12c version (c for Cloud ;) For a time being the following should work for you: # /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/crsctl modify resource ora.gns -attr "TRACE_LEVEL=6" # /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/srvctl stop gns # /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/srvctl start gns