Presentation on theme: "What is Ayurveda Sanskrit word from 2 roots Ayus = life Vid = science."— Presentation transcript:
1What is AyurvedaSanskrit word from 2 rootsAyus = lifeVid = science
2AyurvedaOriginated as part of the Vedic Science, an integral combination of science & philosophyVedic Science includes yoga, meditation, astrology, and Ayurveda (its special branch for healing mind and body)Provides a comprehensive understanding of the entire universe of matter, mind and consciousness
3HistoryAccording to the ancient Vedic texts, Ayurveda was in practice before 4,000 BCAyurveda reflects the healing wisdom of the ancient Sarasvati culture that was one of the great cradles of world civilizationIt spread east along with Indian culture into Indonesia and Indochina, and to the Greeks, who developed a similar form of natural medicineAyurveda became the basis of the healing traditions of Tibet, Sri Lanka, and Burma and also influenced Chinese medicine
4Ayurveda TodayAyurveda is reaching out to the western world due to its broad and profound background in herbal medicine, dietetics, bodywork, surgery, psychology and spiritualityIs part of a new movement towards a global medicine. It has much in common with Chinese and European traditions, and can serve as a point of integration between them
5Theory of Panchamahabhutas Five Element Theory 5 Basic Elements/Eternal SubstancesExist in all things & are intermixedForm all matter in the universeServe as foundation of all diagnosis & treatment modalities
6GUNASEach one of these energies is present to some degree in every object of creation, some objects arise primarily from sattva and some primarily from tamas. Rajas is the energy which is the momentum of creation. Through rajas Consciousness becomes matter.
7SattvaSattva – “Creation” The pure essence of light, right action, and spiritual purpose. It is potential energy, the observer. A person with this quality is calm, alert, kind, and thoughtful. This is considered the first stage of Samadhi or spiritual realization.Vata dosha - A sattvic influence creates comprehension, the need for unity and healing, and creates a positive mental outlook.Pitta dosha - A sattvic influence creates clarity, intelligence, leadership, warmth, and independence.Kapha dosha – A sattvic influence creates calmness, peace, love, compassion, faith, nurturing, and forgiveness.
8RajasRajas - “Maintenance” The principle of movement, change, and excitability. It is kinetic energy, the observation. A person whose mind is predominantly rajasic, too active, is always seeking diversions. Most rajasic individuals, enthusiastically study spiritual and holistic measures to improve themselves.Vata dosha - A rajasic influence creates indecisiveness, unrealibility, hyperactivity, and anxiety.Pitta dosha – A rajasic influence creates willfulness, ambition, anger, manipulation, vanity, impulsiveness, and aggressiveness.Kapha dosha – A rajasic influence creates greed for money, material luxuries, and comfort. They are too sentimental, controlling, attached, and lustful.
9TamasTamas – “Destruction” The inertia, darkness, and confusion. It is the object to be observed. A tamasic predominant mind is a dull, lethargic mind.Vata dosha - A tamasic influence creates fear, dishonesty, depression, self-destructiveness, addictive behavior, sexual perversions, animal instincts, or suicidal thoughts.Pitta dosha – A tamasic influence creates vindictiveness, violence, hate, criminality, and psychopathic behavior.Kapha dosha – A tamasic influences create dullness, sloth, lethargy, depression, lack of care and a tendency to steal
10Five Elements Akasha = Space/Ether Vayu = Air Agni = Fire Jala = Water Spaces in body (mouth, nostrils, thorax, abdomen, cells)Vayu = AirElement of movement including muscular movement (contraction of lungs, intestines, movement in cells)Agni = FireEnzyme functioningControls digestive system & regulates metabolismJala = WaterFound in plasma, blood saliva (digestive juices, mucous membranes, cytoplasm)Prthvi = EarthSolid structures such as bones, muscles, skin, hair, nails, tendons, cartilage, teeth
11TridoshasTri = threeDoshas = components that carry over the functions of the bodyVata, Pitta, and Kapha are the fundamental biological energies which regulate all the life processes of an individual. We all have unique proportions of each dosha, which makes us individuals.
12VATA Governs the movement processes of our body blood flow elimination of wastebreathingmovement of thoughtsactivates nervous systemexpresses our creativity
13PITTA Governs transformations within the body production of heat metabolismdiffusional transformations (O to CO2)digestion of foodsensory perceptionexpresses our warmthPitta is said to keep the heart alive with passion and our will to live strong
14KAPHA Provides the material substance for our physical form lubricates jointscomprises our body’s tissueshelps heal woundsmaintains immune systemmaintains blood volumeexpresses our emotionsKapha is said to provide substance to our bodies and intelligence to our cells
16PITTA characteristics Hair is thin, silky, greys prematurelyWarmer, moist skinYellowish, copper tone to skinAverage skeletal frameMoods change quicklyJudgmental and ambitious
17KAPHA characteristics Hair is thick, wavySkin is thicker, pale, moist and coolThicker, stout skeletal frameOperates at a slower mental, physical paceDeliberates choices carefullyEnjoys introspection
18IMBALANCES OF VATA difficulty breathing excess movement paralysis weak nervous systemfear, anxietyhyperactivity
19IMBALANCES OF PITTA excess body temperature or inflammation fast digestionulcer or acidityeye inflammationsskin diseasesaggressive mindanger, emotional sensitivity
20IMBALANCES OF KAPHA heaviness like obesity swelling and edema fat deposits, cholesterol or cellulitemucous problemsheavy mind-depression, sadness, silentslow mind
21Ayurveda & Modern Medicine Most illnesses can be prevented if following an Ayurvedic way of livingCan help in post-operative recoveryAyurvedic oils speed recovery of injuries & post-operative cases
22ENERGY CHANNELSYoga – union of mind and body, and the various subtle energies with the Divine Self.Nadis – nerve channel. Some say there are 350,000 channels in the body. There are 15 main channels but three very important:1. Sushumna – the most important channel found in the body and is considered to be a spiritual tube within the spine. Life force energy rises through this tube and deep inside lie the chakras. (sattva)2. Ida nadi – sometimes called the moon channel. It is found on the left side of the spine and encircles the chakras and ends to the extremity of the left nostril. (rajas)3. Pingala nadi – sometimes called the sun channel. It begins on the right side of the spine and encircles the chakras and ends to the extremity of the right nostril. (tamas)
23Seven Major Chakras muladhara “root support” root Earth LAM swadishthana “own abode” lower abdominal Water VAMmanipura “city of jewels” solar plexus Fire RAManahata “unstuck melody” heart Air YAMvishddha “complete purity” throat Space HAMajna “guru’s command” third eye OMsahasrara “thousand petalled lotus” crown
24Prevention vs CureAyurvedic treatment focuses on curing disease and restoring dosha equilibrium as wellPromotes & preserves health, strength & longevity
25Daily RoutineFollowing detailed daily routine leads to life filled with health & happinessIf followed exactly as directed average life span = 100 yearsFood contributes to strength, complexion & vitalityIncorrect nutrition leads to diseases
26Daily Routine Consists of: Early RisingCleanlinessExerciseSatisfying Natural UrgesMental Discipline
27Cleanliness Taking care of body leads to good health Habits that are important include:Brushing teethScraping tongueGargling & cleaning mouthRegular massageApplication of oil on headBathingUse of oils & scents
28Exercise Keeps body & mind healthy & happy Avoid harm by following type of exercise depending on age & healthKapha = performs heavy exercisesPitta = moderation, avoiding midday & hot seasonsVata = regulated exercises, preferably yoga, no aerobic exerciseContradicted for those with bleeding tendencies, heart diseases, asthma or vertigo
29Natural Urges Do not suppress natural physical urges Urination, defecation, hunger, thirst, sleep, yawning, vomiting, flatus, ejaculation, pantingSatisfy natural urges instantly for good healthSuppress harmful urgesGreed, fear, anger, vanity, jealousy, excessive attachment to anything
30Mental & Moral Discipline Exert mental health & moral discipline via:Respect all beingsBe of help to othersMake firm decisions, be fearless, intelligentAvoid people of greedy natureAvoid undesirable places
31MANTRASound has enormous power, in fact it has power to create an entire universe. It is written that God originally manifested as sound.In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God. John 1:1-2According to Ayurveda, in the beginning there was sound (Om) and from that sound, everything came into existence.
32Time of DayVATA 2-6 am/pmPITTA 10-2 am/pmKAPHA 6-10 am/pm
34Classification of Nutrients Taste Dosha ElementsSweet Kapha Earth & WaterSour Pitta Earth & FireSalty Kapha/Pitta Water & FireBitter Vata Space & AirPungent Pitta Fire & AirAstringent Vata Earth & Air
35The Six Food QualitiesHeavy (V-P-K+): cheese, yogurt, meat, wheat productsLight (V+P+K-): popcorn, rice cakes, barley, corn, spinach, applesOily (V-P-K+): dairy products, fats, oilsDry (V+P+K-): barley, corn, potatoes, beans, rice cakes, popcornHot (V-P+K-): hot spices, chilies, jalapenos,hot drinksCold (V+P-K+): cold drinks, cranberry juice with spring water and limeAFTER LUNCH BREAK
36NAMASTEI honor the place in you in which the entire universe dwells. I honor the place in you which is of love, of truth, of light, and of peace. When you are in that place in you, and I am in that place in me, WE ARE ONE.