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What is Ayurveda Sanskrit word from 2 roots Ayus = life Vid = science.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Ayurveda Sanskrit word from 2 roots Ayus = life Vid = science."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Ayurveda Sanskrit word from 2 roots Ayus = life Vid = science

2 Ayurveda Originated as part of the Vedic Science, an integral combination of science & philosophy Originated as part of the Vedic Science, an integral combination of science & philosophy Vedic Science includes yoga, meditation, astrology, and Ayurveda (its special branch for healing mind and body) Vedic Science includes yoga, meditation, astrology, and Ayurveda (its special branch for healing mind and body) Provides a comprehensive understanding of the entire universe of matter, mind and consciousness Provides a comprehensive understanding of the entire universe of matter, mind and consciousness

3 History According to the ancient Vedic texts, Ayurveda was in practice before 4,000 BC According to the ancient Vedic texts, Ayurveda was in practice before 4,000 BC Ayurveda reflects the healing wisdom of the ancient Sarasvati culture that was one of the great cradles of world civilization Ayurveda reflects the healing wisdom of the ancient Sarasvati culture that was one of the great cradles of world civilization It spread east along with Indian culture into Indonesia and Indochina, and to the Greeks, who developed a similar form of natural medicine It spread east along with Indian culture into Indonesia and Indochina, and to the Greeks, who developed a similar form of natural medicine Ayurveda became the basis of the healing traditions of Tibet, Sri Lanka, and Burma and also influenced Chinese medicine Ayurveda became the basis of the healing traditions of Tibet, Sri Lanka, and Burma and also influenced Chinese medicine

4 Ayurveda Today Ayurveda is reaching out to the western world due to its broad and profound background in herbal medicine, dietetics, bodywork, surgery, psychology and spirituality Ayurveda is reaching out to the western world due to its broad and profound background in herbal medicine, dietetics, bodywork, surgery, psychology and spirituality Is part of a new movement towards a global medicine. It has much in common with Chinese and European traditions, and can serve as a point of integration between them Is part of a new movement towards a global medicine. It has much in common with Chinese and European traditions, and can serve as a point of integration between them

5 Theory of Panchamahabhutas Five Element Theory –5 Basic Elements/Eternal Substances –Exist in all things & are intermixed –Form all matter in the universe –Serve as foundation of all diagnosis & treatment modalities

6 GUNAS Each one of these energies is present to some degree in every object of creation, some objects arise primarily from sattva and some primarily from tamas. Rajas is the energy which is the momentum of creation. Through rajas Consciousness becomes matter. Each one of these energies is present to some degree in every object of creation, some objects arise primarily from sattva and some primarily from tamas. Rajas is the energy which is the momentum of creation. Through rajas Consciousness becomes matter.

7 Sattva Sattva – Creation The pure essence of light, right action, and spiritual purpose. It is potential energy, the observer. A person with this quality is calm, alert, kind, and thoughtful. This is considered the first stage of Samadhi or spiritual realization. Sattva – Creation The pure essence of light, right action, and spiritual purpose. It is potential energy, the observer. A person with this quality is calm, alert, kind, and thoughtful. This is considered the first stage of Samadhi or spiritual realization. Vata dosha - A sattvic influence creates comprehension, the need for unity and healing, and creates a positive mental outlook. Vata dosha - A sattvic influence creates comprehension, the need for unity and healing, and creates a positive mental outlook. Pitta dosha - A sattvic influence creates clarity, intelligence, leadership, warmth, and independence. Pitta dosha - A sattvic influence creates clarity, intelligence, leadership, warmth, and independence. Kapha dosha – A sattvic influence creates calmness, peace, love, compassion, faith, nurturing, and forgiveness. Kapha dosha – A sattvic influence creates calmness, peace, love, compassion, faith, nurturing, and forgiveness.

8 Rajas Rajas - Maintenance The principle of movement, change, and excitability. It is kinetic energy, the observation. A person whose mind is predominantly rajasic, too active, is always seeking diversions. Most rajasic individuals, enthusiastically study spiritual and holistic measures to improve themselves. Rajas - Maintenance The principle of movement, change, and excitability. It is kinetic energy, the observation. A person whose mind is predominantly rajasic, too active, is always seeking diversions. Most rajasic individuals, enthusiastically study spiritual and holistic measures to improve themselves. Vata dosha - A rajasic influence creates indecisiveness, unrealibility, hyperactivity, and anxiety. Vata dosha - A rajasic influence creates indecisiveness, unrealibility, hyperactivity, and anxiety. Pitta dosha – A rajasic influence creates willfulness, ambition, anger, manipulation, vanity, impulsiveness, and aggressiveness. Pitta dosha – A rajasic influence creates willfulness, ambition, anger, manipulation, vanity, impulsiveness, and aggressiveness. Kapha dosha – A rajasic influence creates greed for money, material luxuries, and comfort. They are too sentimental, controlling, attached, and lustful. Kapha dosha – A rajasic influence creates greed for money, material luxuries, and comfort. They are too sentimental, controlling, attached, and lustful.

9 Tamas Tamas – Destruction The inertia, darkness, and confusion. It is the object to be observed. A tamasic predominant mind is a dull, lethargic mind. Tamas – Destruction The inertia, darkness, and confusion. It is the object to be observed. A tamasic predominant mind is a dull, lethargic mind. Vata dosha - A tamasic influence creates fear, dishonesty, depression, self-destructiveness, addictive behavior, sexual perversions, animal instincts, or suicidal thoughts. Vata dosha - A tamasic influence creates fear, dishonesty, depression, self-destructiveness, addictive behavior, sexual perversions, animal instincts, or suicidal thoughts. Pitta dosha – A tamasic influence creates vindictiveness, violence, hate, criminality, and psychopathic behavior. Pitta dosha – A tamasic influence creates vindictiveness, violence, hate, criminality, and psychopathic behavior. Kapha dosha – A tamasic influences create dullness, sloth, lethargy, depression, lack of care and a tendency to steal Kapha dosha – A tamasic influences create dullness, sloth, lethargy, depression, lack of care and a tendency to steal

10 Five Elements –Akasha = Space/Ether Spaces in body (mouth, nostrils, thorax, abdomen, cells) Spaces in body (mouth, nostrils, thorax, abdomen, cells) –Vayu = Air Element of movement including muscular movement (contraction of lungs, intestines, movement in cells) Element of movement including muscular movement (contraction of lungs, intestines, movement in cells) –Agni = Fire Enzyme functioning Enzyme functioning Controls digestive system & regulates metabolism Controls digestive system & regulates metabolism –Jala = Water Found in plasma, blood saliva (digestive juices, mucous membranes, cytoplasm) Found in plasma, blood saliva (digestive juices, mucous membranes, cytoplasm) –Prthvi = Earth Solid structures such as bones, muscles, skin, hair, nails, tendons, cartilage, teeth Solid structures such as bones, muscles, skin, hair, nails, tendons, cartilage, teeth

11 Tridoshas Tri = three Doshas = components that carry over the functions of the body Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are the fundamental biological energies which regulate all the life processes of an individual. We all have unique proportions of each dosha, which makes us individuals.

12 VATA Governs the movement processes of our body blood flow blood flow elimination of waste elimination of waste breathing breathing movement of thoughts movement of thoughts activates nervous system activates nervous system expresses our creativity expresses our creativity

13 PITTA Governs transformations within the body production of heat production of heat metabolism metabolism diffusional transformations (O to CO2) diffusional transformations (O to CO2) digestion of food digestion of food sensory perception sensory perception expresses our warmth expresses our warmth Pitta is said to keep the heart alive with passion and our will to live strong

14 KAPHA Provides the material substance for our physical form lubricates joints lubricates joints comprises our bodys tissues comprises our bodys tissues helps heal wounds helps heal wounds maintains immune system maintains immune system maintains blood volume maintains blood volume expresses our emotions expresses our emotions Kapha is said to provide substance to our bodies and intelligence to our cells

15 VATA characteristics Hair is dark, coarse Hair is dark, coarse Thinner, slimmer skeletal farm Thinner, slimmer skeletal farm Drier skin, darker skin tone Drier skin, darker skin tone Quick joint movements Quick joint movements Light sleepers Light sleepers Mentally restless Mentally restless

16 PITTA characteristics Hair is thin, silky, greys prematurely Hair is thin, silky, greys prematurely Warmer, moist skin Warmer, moist skin Yellowish, copper tone to skin Yellowish, copper tone to skin Average skeletal frame Average skeletal frame Moods change quickly Moods change quickly Judgmental and ambitious Judgmental and ambitious

17 KAPHA characteristics Hair is thick, wavy Hair is thick, wavy Skin is thicker, pale, moist and cool Skin is thicker, pale, moist and cool Thicker, stout skeletal frame Thicker, stout skeletal frame Operates at a slower mental, physical pace Operates at a slower mental, physical pace Deliberates choices carefully Deliberates choices carefully Enjoys introspection Enjoys introspection

18 IMBALANCES OF VATA difficulty breathing difficulty breathing excess movement excess movement paralysis paralysis weak nervous system weak nervous system fear, anxiety fear, anxiety hyperactivity hyperactivity

19 IMBALANCES OF PITTA excess body temperature or inflammation excess body temperature or inflammation fast digestion fast digestion ulcer or acidity ulcer or acidity eye inflammations eye inflammations skin diseases skin diseases aggressive mind aggressive mind anger, emotional sensitivity anger, emotional sensitivity

20 IMBALANCES OF KAPHA heaviness like obesity heaviness like obesity swelling and edema swelling and edema fat deposits, cholesterol or cellulite fat deposits, cholesterol or cellulite mucous problems mucous problems heavy mind-depression, sadness, silent heavy mind-depression, sadness, silent slow mind slow mind

21 Ayurveda & Modern Medicine Most illnesses can be prevented if following an Ayurvedic way of living Most illnesses can be prevented if following an Ayurvedic way of living Can help in post-operative recovery Can help in post-operative recovery Ayurvedic oils speed recovery of injuries & post- operative cases Ayurvedic oils speed recovery of injuries & post- operative cases

22 ENERGY CHANNELS Yoga – union of mind and body, and the various subtle energies with the Divine Self. Nadis – nerve channel. Some say there are 350,000 channels in the body. There are 15 main channels but three very important: 1. Sushumna – the most important channel found in the body and is considered to be a spiritual tube within the spine. Life force energy rises through this tube and deep inside lie the chakras. (sattva) 1. Sushumna – the most important channel found in the body and is considered to be a spiritual tube within the spine. Life force energy rises through this tube and deep inside lie the chakras. (sattva) 2. Ida nadi – sometimes called the moon channel. It is found on the left side of the spine and encircles the chakras and ends to the extremity of the left nostril. (rajas) 2. Ida nadi – sometimes called the moon channel. It is found on the left side of the spine and encircles the chakras and ends to the extremity of the left nostril. (rajas) 3. Pingala nadi – sometimes called the sun channel. It begins on the right side of the spine and encircles the chakras and ends to the extremity of the right nostril. (tamas) 3. Pingala nadi – sometimes called the sun channel. It begins on the right side of the spine and encircles the chakras and ends to the extremity of the right nostril. (tamas)

23 Seven Major Chakras 1. muladhara root support rootEarth LAM 2. swadishthana own abode lower abdominal Water VAM 3. manipura city of jewels solar plexus Fire RAM 4. anahata unstuck melody heart Air YAM 5. vishddha complete purity throat Space HAM 6. ajna gurus command third eye OM 7. sahasrara thousand petalled lotus crown

24 Prevention vs Cure Ayurvedic treatment focuses on curing disease and restoring dosha equilibrium as well Ayurvedic treatment focuses on curing disease and restoring dosha equilibrium as well Promotes & preserves health, strength & longevity Promotes & preserves health, strength & longevity

25 Daily Routine Following detailed daily routine leads to life filled with health & happiness Following detailed daily routine leads to life filled with health & happiness If followed exactly as directed average life span = 100 years If followed exactly as directed average life span = 100 years Food contributes to strength, complexion & vitality Food contributes to strength, complexion & vitality Incorrect nutrition leads to diseases

26 Daily Routine Consists of: Early Rising Early Rising Cleanliness Cleanliness Exercise Exercise Satisfying Natural Urges Satisfying Natural Urges Mental Discipline Mental Discipline

27 Cleanliness Taking care of body leads to good health Taking care of body leads to good health Habits that are important include: Habits that are important include: –Brushing teeth –Scraping tongue –Gargling & cleaning mouth –Regular massage –Application of oil on head –Bathing –Use of oils & scents

28 Exercise Keeps body & mind healthy & happy Keeps body & mind healthy & happy Avoid harm by following type of exercise depending on age & health Avoid harm by following type of exercise depending on age & health –Kapha = performs heavy exercises –Pitta = moderation, avoiding midday & hot seasons –Vata = regulated exercises, preferably yoga, no aerobic exercise Contradicted for those with bleeding tendencies, heart diseases, asthma or vertigo Contradicted for those with bleeding tendencies, heart diseases, asthma or vertigo

29 Natural Urges Do not suppress natural physical urges Do not suppress natural physical urges –Urination, defecation, hunger, thirst, sleep, yawning, vomiting, flatus, ejaculation, panting –Satisfy natural urges instantly for good health Suppress harmful urges Suppress harmful urges –Greed, fear, anger, vanity, jealousy, excessive attachment to anything

30 Mental & Moral Discipline Exert mental health & moral discipline via: Exert mental health & moral discipline via: –Respect all beings –Be of help to others –Make firm decisions, be fearless, intelligent –Avoid people of greedy nature –Avoid undesirable places

31 MANTRA Sound has enormous power, in fact it has power to create an entire universe. It is written that God originally manifested as sound. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God. John 1:1-2 According to Ayurveda, in the beginning there was sound (Om) and from that sound, everything came into existence.

32 Time of Day VATA 2-6 am/pm PITTA 10-2 am/pm KAPHA 6-10 am/pm

33 Seasons Summer (June, July, Aug)Kapha – pacifies *good time to detoxPitta – aggravates Fall (Sept, Oct, Nov)Pitta – pacifies Vata – accumulates Vata – accumulates Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)Vata – aggravates Kapha – accumulates Kapha – accumulates Spring (March, April, May)Vata – pacifies Kapha – aggravates Kapha – aggravates Pitta – accumulates Pitta – accumulates

34 Classification of Nutrients TasteDoshaElements SweetKapha Earth & Water SourPitta Earth & Fire SaltyKapha/Pitta Water & Fire BitterVata Space & Air PungentPitta Fire & Air AstringentVata Earth & Air

35 The Six Food Qualities Heavy (V-P-K+): cheese, yogurt, meat, wheat products Heavy (V-P-K+): cheese, yogurt, meat, wheat products Light (V+P+K-): popcorn, rice cakes, barley, corn, spinach, apples Light (V+P+K-): popcorn, rice cakes, barley, corn, spinach, apples Oily (V-P-K+): dairy products, fats, oils Oily (V-P-K+): dairy products, fats, oils Dry (V+P+K-): barley, corn, potatoes, beans, rice cakes, popcorn Dry (V+P+K-): barley, corn, potatoes, beans, rice cakes, popcorn Hot (V-P+K-): hot spices, chilies, jalapenos, Hot (V-P+K-): hot spices, chilies, jalapenos, hot drinks Cold (V+P-K+): cold drinks, cranberry juice with spring water and lime Cold (V+P-K+): cold drinks, cranberry juice with spring water and lime

36 NAMASTE I honor the place in you in which the entire universe dwells. I honor the place in you which is of love, of truth, of light, and of peace. When you are in that place in you, and I am in that place in me, WE ARE ONE.


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