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Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Action Plan 2007 – 2010 Luiz Antonio Rodrigues Elias Deputy Minister Ministry of Science and.

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Presentation on theme: "Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Action Plan 2007 – 2010 Luiz Antonio Rodrigues Elias Deputy Minister Ministry of Science and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Action Plan 2007 – 2010 Luiz Antonio Rodrigues Elias Deputy Minister Ministry of Science and Technology

2 8.5 million km² 191 million ~ 1.5 US$ trillion (2% world) 1.2 % GDP ~ 211,000 in 2008 2.7 % of world Total area Population GDP (2008) Investment in S&T Scientists and researchers Scientific papers Some numbers on Brazil – 2009 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

3 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Ministry of Science and Technology Ministers Office Executive Secretariat SEPED SETEC SEPIN SECIS CCT ST&I National Council FINEP Studies & Projects Financing Agency CNEN National Nuclear Energy Commission INB, NUCLEP CDTN, IEN, IPEN IRD, CRCN AEB Brazilian Space Agency INPE financing agencies CNPq National Council Scientific and Technological Development CGEE Centre for Management and Strategic Studies 15 Research Units and Technological Institutes

4 4 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Sustainable growth of Brazilian economy lays the ground for long term planning Economic Policy Education Development Plan PDE Health Development Plan Agriculture Development Plan Growth Acceleration Programme (Infrastructure) PAC Defense Policy Productive Development Policy PDP Action Plan in Science, Technology and Innovation Plan STI

5 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Common agenda: Address scientific and technological challenges Promote the use of common fiscal and financial instruments Support the whole innovation cycle Aim at joint goal of increasing business investment in R&D to 0.65% GDP Science, Technology & Innovation Policy Industrial Policy FINEP (STI financing agency) BNDES (development bank) innovation State Policies 5

6 Goals for 2010 (versus 2006) 1.5 % of GDP (1.02% in 2006) 0.64% federal government 0.21% states governments Investment in R,D&I Innovation in enterprises 0.65 % of GDP – investments in R,D&I by private sector (0.51% in 2006) Human resources Scholarships: 160,000 (2006: 100,000) 400 Technology Centers 600 new telecentres Maths Olympics: 21 million students and 10,000 scholarships S&T for social development Four strategic priorities, 21 lines of action, 87 programmes 6 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Action Plan 2007 - 2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

7 Gross Domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) as a percentage of Gross Domestic product (GDP), 2008 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development 7 2010 Goal : 1.5% GDP Sources: National Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2009/2 - OECD; BrasBaMCTnkil:; Chile and India: World Development Indicators, 2008 - The World

8 Four Priority Axes I.Expansion and consolidation of the National ST&I System II. Promotion of technology innovation in business III. R&D in strategic areas IV. S&T for social development 8 2007-2010 Action Plan in S,T&I Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

9 Priority Goals I Expand and strengthen state and municipal partnerships and increase international cooperation Increase the number of PhD awards per year, with emphasis on engineering and on strategic sectors 1- Institutional consolidation of national ST&I system 2- Human resources capacity building in ST&I 3- Support to S&T research infra-structure Main lines of action in 2007-2010 I - Expansion and consolidation of National System of STI Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

10 211,000 Individual Researchers 69,000 Ph.D. degree holders 86,000 Masters degree holders 56,000 other, which correspond to 133,000 Full time equivalent researchers 39,000 Ph.D. degree holders 46,000 Masters degree holders 48,000 other 150,000 Postgraduate students 53,000 Ph.D. programmes 97,000 Masters programmes 46,700 Degrees awarded 10,700 Ph.D. 36,000 Masters Human Resources in S,T&I – 2008 10 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

11 Sources: Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2009/1 - OECD; Brazil: MCT Total researchers (FTE) per thousand total employment by selected countries: latest available year Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

12 133,000 full-time equivalent researchers, which means, 0.7 per million inhabitants universities business sector government % researchers Researchers distribution in 2008 (%) Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Note (1): latest available values Sources: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators, 2009/2 and Brazil: MCT

13 Masters and Doctors degrees awarded per year 38,800 Masters degrees awarded in 2009 11,400 PhD degrees awarded in 2009 source: Capes/MEC Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

14 Sources: World Development Indicators, 2008 - The World Bank; Brazil: MCT Awarded S&E doctoral degrees, by selected region, country/economy: 2006 or most recent year Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

15 Fast growth of scientific publications Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Year Relative Value Brazil World 10.5% average annual increase over 28 years 3 x world average 2.69% of world production in 2009

16 Source: Science Indicators 2009, Thomson Reuters – Institute for Scientific Informatin (ISI) Number of papers published in international journals indexed by Thomson Reuters/Science, 2009 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

17 CNPq and CAPES: number of scholarships Expansion and consolidation of National System of STI Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Ministry of Science and Technology Research Promotion Agency

18 Universal Call, Young researchers, First projects Pronex – Program to Support Nuclei of Excellence INCT – National Institutes of S&T Calls for projects for the Sectoral Funds Proinfra – Program to Support Research Infrastructure Call for projects in new campi Programs of funding of R&D projects and networks http://geocapes.capes.gov.br/geocapesds/# Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

19 Federal Universities Situation in 2002 Main campi ( ) = 43 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

20 Main campi ( ) = 59 Other campi ( ) = 171 Total = 230 Federal Universities Situation in 2009 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

21 Biotechnology (CBAB) Nanotechnology (CBAN) Renewable Energy Nuclear Space Biofuels Renewable Energy Biofuels Technology Space Space Expansion of international cooperation Bilateral Cooperation Ex pansion and consolidation of National System of STI Ex pansion and consolidation of National System of STI Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

22 4- Financial support to innovation 5- Technology in support of innovation by enterprises 6- ncentives to start-ups and to consolidation of technology-intensive enterprises II- Promotion of Technological Innovation in Enterprises Priority Goal II Increase the private R,D&I expenditures from 0.51% of the GDP to 0.65% by 2010, by integrating different instruments in support of technological innovation and considerably expanding financial support (R&D contracts, loans, venture capital etc.) Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

23 Innovation Law – nº 10.973, 02.12.2004 Fiscal Incentive Law – nº 11.196, 21.11.2005 Informatic Law –nº 8.248, 23.10.1991 and Law nº 11.484, 31.05.2007 Digital TV and eletronic components incentive law Biosafety Law – nº 11.105, 24.03.2005 Biodiversity Access Law (in project) Federal Buy Law – nº 8.666, 21.06.1993 General Law for Small and Medium Enterprise – nº 123, 14.12.2006 II- Promotion of Technological Innovation in Enterprises Legal Framework Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

24 PRIME Program PRIME Program PAPPE Grant PAPPE Grant Incubation Program Incubation Program Seed Funds Seed Funds agency Scholarships Inova Brasil Inova Brasil PE Funds PE Funds SIBRATEC Program SIBRATEC Program Fiscal Incentives Fiscal Incentives National Grant National Grant Tax Equity Tax Equity Venture Capital Funds Venture Capital Funds idea/start up infant size medium/largesmall/medium Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Programs for Innovative Enterprises (by size) $ non-reimbursable $ venture capital $ loan $ other

25 FUNTEC Technological Development Fund FUNTEC Technological Development Fund agency Technologic Innovation – financing focused in projects Technologic Innovation – financing focused in projects Innovative Capital – Financing focused in companies Innovative Capital – Financing focused in companies Support for Strategic Sectors BNDES Buy Card Criatec – New Companies Technology based only to technological institutions and non-profit organizations for companies partnership idea/start up infant size medium/largesmall/medium Programs for Innovative Enterprises Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development $ non-reimbursable $ venture capital $ loan $ other

26 7.Future bearing areas: Biotechnology and Nanotechnology 8. Information and Communications Technologies 9. Inputs for the Health Sector 10. Biofuels, Electric energy, hydrogen and renewable energies 12. Oil, gas and coal 13. Agribusiness 14. Biodiversity and natural resources 15. Development of the Amazon and Semi-Arid region 16. Meteorology and climate change 17. Space Program 18. Nuclear Program 19. National Defense and Public Security III- R,D&I in Strategic Areas Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

27 Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Source: LOA 2007, PLOA 2008 e PPA 2008-2011 Elaboração: ASCAV/MCT Notes: 1) includes resources under FNDCT supervision; 2) does not include personnel nor financial expenditures; 3) BNDES estimates subject to change. MME/Petrobras/Eletrobras MCT/other PPA actions (2) Funds for the Action Plan: all sources US $ 26 billion

28 An English version of the Summary Document of the Action Plan in S,T&I 2007-2010 can be downloaded from www.mct.gov.br Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

29 Main advances from 2003 to 2009 S,T&I: a matter of State S,T&I policy focused on four strategic lines new regulation for innovation new instruments and mechanisms for financing R&D increased federal funds for S,T&I greater dialogue with states, main municipalities, scientific and enterprises associations and society in general improvement and expansion of existing S,T&I programs and creation of new ones Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

30 Conclusions in the next few years, innovation law and fiscal incentive law should change the innovation environment in Brazil and intensify R&D at enterprises governmental programs have increased their support it is necessary to make information on the governmental programs and incentives reach enterprises, in special small and medium size enterprises, and encourage them towards innovation Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development

31 Thank you Action Plan 2007-2010 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development


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