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S G A Internal Audit - A Comprehensive Risk Management tool Understanding Document.

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Presentation on theme: "S G A Internal Audit - A Comprehensive Risk Management tool Understanding Document."— Presentation transcript:

1 S G A Internal Audit - A Comprehensive Risk Management tool Understanding Document

2 2 Impacts Increasing Capital investments Global Funding Strategic initiatives have significant impact on operational and tactical decisions Effective Project Management People Process Technology STRATEGY Internal Audit function therefore needs to clearly understand the strategic plans of Management and plan assignments around three broad dimensions - People, Process and Technology

3 3 Critical areas that need to be focused during such internal audits can be categorized under these three spheres PeopleProcessTechnology Organization roles and relationship Change in job descriptions New KPIs and performance measurement systems Technology savviness Training on new software Roles in ERP Internal controls in a fully automated environment Standard operating procedures Customer accounts reconciliation status Inter-office transactions Employee related transactions like PF, ESI IT Strategy vs. Business growth Data conversion Mapping business processes to IT Marrying standard operating procedures to Oracle functionalities IT Organization IT Controls – authorization

4 4 Critical areas that need to be focused during such internal audits can be categorized under these three spheres Process Treasury related processes Bank reconciliation Deposit of customer collection Inventory control Processes relating to advances – control account vs. subsidiary ledgers MIS - Reporting mechanisms, data integrity etc Process Control, valuation and effective project management relating to Capital Work in Progress Verification of capital work in progress Assistance in Royalty and Technical Know-How Payments GOs – verification, follow up and analysis of consequential effect on operational transactions Taxation related processes such as TDS Annual taxation Income exemption Costing systems

5 5 Internal audit, thus can be positioned as a risk management tool to support top and middle management in their pursuits Traditional audit focused on Correctness of recording information Completeness Accounting related controls Proprietary aspects relating to delegation of authority Pre-computerization, business transactions left behind a trail. This enabled business managers to track origination, changes and implication easily Internal audit assumes a business consulting/ advisory function Stretches into the realm of management audit Critical Risk Management Tool As lower management jobs have been redundant and more rules-driven, the portion of management audit has increased Traditional Audit Management Audit

6 6 New dimensions add to the complexity of audit and skills required in executing such assignments Review of Information Technology areas Human Resources optimization (Time Motion Studies etc) Cost and Resource Optimization Review of Project Management systems Review and redesign of Management Info Systems Tax management and consulting Supply chain management Social responsibility audit Illustrative audit scope Review of Corporate Governance Machinery In order to ensure optimal delivery, the function needs to be resourced with multi- dimensional personnel having exposure in areas such as accounting, business advisory, technology, energy-saving, cost reduction etc

7 7 Best practices in Internal audit need to be implemented to harness maximum from such assignments Sync with the long term business strategy and objectives Project management structure and approach –Project Sponsor (Members from Top Management) –Project Review layer (Partners of the Audit & Consulting firm and Top/Middle Management) –Project execution layer (Consultants + Employees from Metro Water) –Quality control layer (Audit & Consulting firm partner) Determine scope along with Client team considering –Strategic intent and plans –Client needs and priorities –Findings of internal control diagnostics Diagnostic phase carrying out internal control review and As-Is mapping Continuous communication strategy Project Team – a mix of client and consultant members Cost benefit analysis Agreeing on KPI of exercise and regular monitoring of performance Use of special resources –Management Graduates –Engineers –Information Systems specialists

8 8 This template throws light on the broad scope of an ideal Internal Audit assignment Internal control review for the following processes –Purchase to pay cycle –Order to receive cycle Review of IT Systems/ Processes –Role conflicts in IT –MIS Functionality used vs. EXCEL reports –Review of IT Organization/ roles Customer satisfaction processes Purchase Transaction audit


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