Presentation on theme: "Groups, Teams and Organizational Effectiveness"— Presentation transcript:
1Groups, Teams and Organizational Effectiveness Two or more people who interact with each other to accomplish certain goals or meet certain needs.
2Groups, Teams and Organizational Effectiveness A group whose members work intensely with each other to achieve a specific, common goal or objective.All teams are groups but not all groups are teams.TeamA group whose members work intensely with each other to achieve a specific, common goal or objective. All teams are groups but not all groups are teams.Teams often are difficult to form.It takes time for members to learn how to work together.
3Groups, Teams and Organizational Effectiveness Two characteristics that distinguish teams from groups are the intensity with which team members work together and the presence of a specific overriding team goal or objective
4Groups, Teams and Organizational Effectiveness Groups and teams can help an organization gain a competitive advantage because they can:1) enhance its performance2) increase its responsiveness to customers3) increase innovation4) increase employees’ motivation and satisfaction
5Groups and Teams as Performance Enhancers Performance EnhancementMaking use of the synergy from employees in a group producing more or better output than employees working separately.Bounce ideas off one another.Correct each other’s errors.Bring more new ideas to bear on problemsAccomplish projects beyond the scope of individualsPerformance EnhancementMaking use of the synergy from employees in a group producing more or better output than employees working separately.Bounce ideas off one another.Correct each other’s errors.Bring more new ideas to bear on problemsAccomplish projects beyond the scope of individualsManagers should build autonomous empowered groups composed of members of complementary skills and knowledge.
6Groups’ and Teams’ Contributions to Organizational Effectiveness Figure 11.1
7The Types of Groups and Teams in Organizations Figure 11.2
8The Types of Groups and Teams Formal GroupA group that managers establish to achieve organization goals.
9The Types of Groups and Teams Informal GroupA group that managers or nonmanagerial employees form to help achieve their own goals or to meet their own needs.
10Group Dynamics Group Dynamics The characteristics and processes that affect how a group or team functions.Group size affects how a group performs.Normally, small groups (2 to 9 members) interact better and tend to be more motivated.Larger groups can be used when more resources are needed and division of labor is possible.
11Group Dynamics Group tasks impact how a group interacts. Task interdependence shows how the work of one member impacts another; as interdependence rises, members must work more closely together.
12Group RolesThe set of behaviors and tasks that a group member is expected to perform because of his or her position in the group.In cross-functional teams, members are expected to perform roles in their specialty.Managers should clearly describe expected roles to group members when they are assigned to the group.Role-making occurs as workers take on more responsibility in their roles as group members.Self-managed teams may assign the roles to members themselves.
14Group NormsShared guidelines or rules for behavior that most group members follow
15Group Dynamics Conformity and Deviance Members conform to norms to obtain rewards, imitate respected members, and because they feel the behavior is right.Conformity and deviance must be balanced for high performance from the group.Deviance allows for new ideas in the group.Conformity and DevianceMembers conform to norms to obtain rewards, imitate respected members, and because they feel the behavior is right.When a member deviates, other members will try to make them conform, expel the member, or change the group norms to accommodate them.Conformity and deviance must be balanced for high performance from the group.Deviance allows for new ideas in the group.
16Balancing Conformity and Deviance in Groups Figure 11.4
17Group CohesivenessThe degree to which members are attracted to their groupThree major consequencesLevel of participationLevel of conformity to group normsEmphasis on group goal accomplishment
18Sources and Consequences of Group Cohesiveness Figure 11.5
19Managing Groups and Teams for High Performance Motivating group members to achieve organizational goals:Members should benefit when the group performs well—rewards can be monetary or in other forms such as special recognition.Individual compensation is a combination of both individual and group performance.