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MULTI-STATION COOPERATIVE ASTEROID OCCULTATION SCIENCE WITH SWRI Paul D. Maley/IOTA And Bill Merline/Southwest Research Institute 1.

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Presentation on theme: "MULTI-STATION COOPERATIVE ASTEROID OCCULTATION SCIENCE WITH SWRI Paul D. Maley/IOTA And Bill Merline/Southwest Research Institute 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 MULTI-STATION COOPERATIVE ASTEROID OCCULTATION SCIENCE WITH SWRI Paul D. Maley/IOTA And Bill Merline/Southwest Research Institute 1

2 BACKGROUND -SwRI has innate interest in asteroid satellite discovery -IOTA key goal is to discover/confirm asteroid satellites -Multi-station techniques are the current best methodology of enabling such a discovery -Proposal grew from presentation made by IOTA at Colorado conference in

3 BEST DETECTION EVIDENCE 3

4 DATA OBTAINED FROM INDIVIDUAL OBSERVERS, NOT MULTI-STATION TECHNIQUE 4

5 BEST EVIDENCE OF ONE OBSERVER AND MULTI- STATION METHOD 5

6 PROJECT DEFINITION IOTA TO DEFINE EVENTS OF INTEREST TO SWRI IOTA TO DETERMINE ITS OWN PRIORITY FILTER BY DISTANCE IOTA TO DEFINE PROPOSED BUDGET FOR FUNDING ONCE SWRI FUNDING ESTABLISHED SWRI TO CONSIDER PROPOSED EVENTS SWRI CONFIRM CONDITIONS FOR FUNDING IOTA PUTS INTO PLACE METHOD TO ASSURE PROPER EXECUTION BY MEMBERS 6

7 IOTA FUNDING CONCEPT-1 PAYING TRAVEL COSTS OR PARTIAL COSTS EACH PERSON TREATED AS A CONTRACTOR TO SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE (SWRI) REIMBURSEMENT IS TAXABLE TO EACH PERSON IOTA DETERMINES WHO GETS FUNDING (TBD) IOTA ASSURES THAT NO SUPPORT CAN BE VIEWED AS BOONDOGGLE 7

8 IOTA FUNDING CONCEPT-2 FUNDING TYPE 1: GAS MONEY FUNDING TYPE 2: AIRLINE TICKET IOTA FUNDING AUTHORIZED BY PI AND CO-PI IN CONCERT WITH IOTA 8

9 RESULTS EXPECTED CHORD DATA FROM MORE THAN ONE STATION (TBD) NEGATIVE DATA IS A POSSIBLE OUTCOME REIMBURSEMENT NOT CONTINGENT ON NEGATIVE DATA BUT PLAN TO DEPLOY MUST BE APPROVED BY SWRI AND IOTA JOINTLY 9

10 PRIORITIZATION OF FUNDED EVENTS-1 HIGH PROBABILITY OF SUCCESS MULTIPLE OBSERVERS ENOUGH LAND COVERAGE EXPERIENCED OBSERVERS ONLY 10

11 PRIORITIZATION OF FUNDED EVENTS-2 HIGH PRIORITY TARGETS LARGE ASTEROIDS, MULTIPLE CHORDS OR SATELLITE PRESENCE OBJECTS FOR WHICH THERE IS LITTLE OCCULTATION INFO OBJECTS LARGER THAN 0.18 ARCSECONDS 11

12 PRIORITIZATION OF FUNDED EVENTS-3 OBSERVATIONS THAT MIGHT NOT HAPPEN WITHOUT FUNDING E.G. KBOs 12

13 FUNDING CONCEPT OF MULTISTATION EXPEDITIONS START DATE: OCTOBER 1, 2010 (TBD) EXAMPLE 1: $5000 PER YEAR FOR 4 YEARS EXAMPLE 2: 2010 FISCAL YEAR: $2000 TOTAL EXPANDING TO $10,000 IN

14 IOTA CAPABILTIES TODAY STARS TO MAG 10: MIGHTY MINIS* STARS TO MAG 11.5: 80MM REFRACTOR* STARS TO MAG 12.5: 120MM REFRACTOR* MULTISTATION DEPLOYMENT PRE-POINT FOR EARLY STATION SETUP DATA RETURN: MILLISECOND TIME ACCURACY WITHIN 30 FRAMES/SECOND VIDEO MOBILE DEPLOYMENT 14

15 CAVEATS *provided by S. Degenhardt. [Actual magnitudes should be more like 9.5, 11, 12 under typical non-optimum conditions. Impacted by spectral bias toward red stars.] sky conditions with no unusual circumstances, i.e "standard" transparency (i.e. target is 35 degrees or higher), no strong scintillation, no clouds raw video with no enhancement needed for LiMovie PC164EX-2 with Owl FR at fx0.5 standard extension These numbers come from actual star measurements and LiMovie reductions 15

16 MULTISTATION READINESS (as of 8/1/09) OPERATIONAL UNTENDED* SITES: MINI 80MM 120MM S.DEGENHARDT (TN)…………………………20…………16………………..5………………………….1 D.DUNHAM (MD)………………………………13…………..9………………..6………………………….2 P.MALEY (TX)………………………………………6……………6………………..3………………………….1 R.NUGENT (TX)…………………………………..2……………0…………………0………………………….0 E.IVERSON (TX)…………………………………..2……………0………………..1………………………….1 B.SANDY(MO)…………………………………….1……………0………………..1………………………….0 T.REDDING(FL)……………………………………3……………0…………………0…………………………0 R.VENABLE(GA)………………………………….5……………0…………………0………………………….0 T.GEORGE(WA)…………………………………..3……………0…………………0………………………….0 S.PRESTON(W)……………………………………5……… …………………0………………………….0 *ASSUMES 1 TENDED 16

17 ISSUES WITH MULTISTATION SYSTEM NOT ALL USE STANDARD OPTICS DEMONSTRATING SUCCESSFUL SETUP BY EACH OBSERVER (PRACTICE OPPORTUNITY) TIME FOR SETUP RELATIVE TO EVENT TIME COORDINATION WITH OTHER OBSERVERS SAFETY/SECURITY OF SITES POTENTIAL FOR THINGS TO GO WRONG INCREASES FOR EACH SEPARATE COMPONENT IN A SYSTEM TIME PERIOD FOR STATIONS TO BE LEFT UNTENDED LACK OF INDIVIDUAL GPS UNITS FOR EACH SITE MASS INCREASES AS THE NUMBER OF STATIONS INCREASES; IMPACT ON TRANSPORT 17

18 CANDIDATE ASTEROID OCCULTATIONS FOR 2010 CHOSEN BASED ON THE FOLLOWING: -STAR BRIGHTNESS -PATH RELIABILITY (from Steve Preston) -POTENTIAL WEATHER IN THE ZONE -DELTA MAGNITUDE DROP -EVENT DURATION -STAR ELEVATION -DISTANCE FROM THE MOON -PROXIMITY TO TWILIGHT -STAR SHOULD BE BRIGHTER THAN

19 RESULTS FILTERED POTENTIALLY RELIABLE EVENTS WITH STARS BRIGHTER THAN 11.0 IN USA FOR MULTISTATION DEPLOY RISK OF PATH SHIFT FOR OTHERS BETTER ONES OCCUR EX-USA 3 EVENTS HAVE HIGH POTENTIAL FOR SUCCESS 19

20 CANDIDATE 1 SEPTEMBER 30 (148) GALLIA/HIP43813 THURSDAY MORNING TARGET MAGNITUDE 3.1; ALT 25; 42 DEG FROM 53% SUNLIT MOON; DM=10; DURATION 3 seconds REQUIREMENTS: MINI 20

21 PATH 21

22 CANDIDATE 2 OCTOBER 29: (96) AEGLE / TYC FRIDAY MORNING TARGET MAGNITUDE 9.7; ALT 55; 63DEG FROM 62% SUNLIT MOON; DM=3; DURATION 13seconds REQUIREMENTS: 80MM or greater optics 22

23 PATH 23

24 CANDIDATE 3 DECEMBER 4 (375) URSULA/TYC SATURDAY MORNING TARGET MAGNITUDE 10.0; ALT 41; NO MOON; DM=2.4; DURATION 16 seconds REQUIREMENTS: 80mm or greater optics 24

25 PATH 25

26 PROJECT CONDITIONS REQUIRES MULTISTATION DEPLOY WITH HIGH CONFIDENCE OF SUCCESS DATA REQUIRED FOR POTENTIAL PUBLICATION REQUIRES COMPLETE PATH COVERAGE including error zones DATA MUST INCLUDE GPS TIMES WITH D AND R DATA SOME TBD EXPENSES POTENTIALLY REIMBURSABLE WITHIN BUDGET; RECEIPTS REQUIRED PILOT TO BE ESTABLISHED FIRST FUNDING FOR TBD OBSERVERS INITIALLY 26

27 FORWARD WORK SwRI TO CONTINUE TO EVOLVE PLAN INFORMATION TO BE POSTED ON LISTSERVER AT A FUTURE DATE (TBD) ASSUMING THAT FUNDING AVAILABLE FOR X OBSERVERS, WE WILL PROVIDE NOTIFICATION DEPENDENT ON RESULTS, FUTURE EXPEDITIONS MAY RECEIVE NO, SIMILAR OR GREATER SUPPORT 27

28 END 28


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