4S.T.R.E.A.M. Model for Learning Expanding STEM into aS.T.R.E.A.M. Model for LearningWhat is “STEM”Why S.T.R.E.A.M. instead of just STEM? (S.T.R.E.A.M. schools: Merging science, technology, reading/LA, engineering, art/visualization and mathematics)What are some ways in which our schools can incorporate the S.T.R.E.A.M. model into our (a) thinking and (b) our teaching?Making connections (neural, social, cognitive, multimodal, cross-curricular) to optimize student learning
5What STEM?Why is it important?How do we make it real?The S.T.R.E.A.M. model for learning in the classroom (pre-K to university)
7STEM2009: Pres. Obama launched a nationwide campaign to "Educate and Innovate" over the next 10 years (had fallen behind countries like Latvia, Chinese Taipei, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, and the Netherlands.)“Change the Equation”: Moving to the top in math and science education (CEOs)RTT: STEM fundingCommon Core and the New Generation Science StandardsSTEM became a key element of the new administration's strategy to transform K-12 education in the areas of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (economic growth and wealth prosperity are in jeopardy.)
8Gonzales, P. , Williams, T. , Jocelyn, L. , Roey, S. , Kastberg, D Gonzales, P., Williams, T., Jocelyn, L., Roey, S., Kastberg, D., and Brenwald, S. (2008). Highlights From TIMSS 2007: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context (NCES 2009–001 Revised). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
9Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) PISA rankings ignore poverty differences in the tested schools.When adjusted for poverty levels, the correlation between socio-economic status and tests scores areFree and Reduced Meal Rate PISA ScoreSchools with < 10% 551Schools with % 527Schools with % 502Schools with % 471Schools with >75% 446U.S. average 500OECD average 493National Association of Secondary School Principals Executive Director, Dr. Gerald N. Tirozzi,
10U.S. % Poverty Other Countries PISA Score Korea 539 Finland 536U.S. ( %) 527 Canada 524 New Zealand 521 Japan 520 Australia 515 Netherlands 508 Belgium 506 Norway 503U.S. ( %) 502 Estonia 501 Switzerland 501 Poland 500 Iceland 500National Association of Secondary School Principals Executive Director, Dr. Gerald N. Tirozzi,
11Forecasting Independent Education to 2025 Each year, new findings in cognitive psychology and neuroscience will be infused into teacher preparation, curriculum, instruction, student assessment, and the classroom environment. The works of Howard Gardner (“Multiple Intelligences”), Daniel Goleman (“Emotional Intelligence”), Kenneth Wesson (“Brain-considerate Learning”), and others have already been influential in reshaping the independent school classroom, while programs like Mel Levine’s Schools Attuned are assisting educators in using neurodevelopmental content in their classrooms to create success at learning and to provide hope and satisfaction for all students.Forecasting Independent Education to 2025-- NAIS
12STEMSupporting K-12 STEM education is in our own best long- term self-interests.Numerous countries provide ample evidence of the consequences of having no combined focus on S.T.R.E.A.M. education.Those countries are competitively and economically marginal at best.Getting into that STREAM-less hole is easier than exiting it. The world's poorest nations annually serve as "Exhibit A," which should prompt us to support K- university level science education at any cost.
13STEM The President: Three priorities for STEM education: 1. Increasing STEM literacy so all students can think critically in science, math, engineering and technology2. Improving the quality of math and science teaching (no longer will be outperformed by those in other nations)3. Expanding STEM education and career opportunities for underrepresented groups (women and people of color.)
14STEM Need to produce 400,000 STEM college graduates by 2015. More than 40% of the doctoral students in U.S. colleges and universities in 2009 were foreign nationals, and in some fields of science that figure far exceeded the 50% mark.Problem: Lack of proficiency among American students in science, as well as a lack of interest in the STEM fields (difficult or uninviting.)
15Why is STEM/ S.T.R.E.A.M. important to all of us?
16Creating SMART Schools and Becoming STREAM Schools ScienceTechnology (and Thematic interdisciplinaryinstruction for student learning)Reading and Language ArtsEngineeringArtMathematics(Maximizing connections and sensory experiences)Creating SMART Schools and Becoming STREAM Schools
17Predicting the Distant Future The RAND Corporation has created this model of how a “home computer” will look in the year 2004; however the technology will not be economically feasible for the average home. Also the scientist readily admit that the technology to actually work has not been created yet but scientific progress Is expected to solve these problems. . . and the computer will be easy to use.
18Predicting the Near Future The degree to which today's learners understand STEM will determine global leadership in the mid-21st Century. Nothing will dominate our future more than science.
19The STEM Initiative is not NEW Human beings were and still are engaged in STEM experiences and education all of the time (before we called them STEM.)Our human advances have nearly always been dependent on an improved understanding of science (“knowing”)The “Science of Learning” is equally as important for continued advancement.
20The Most Gifted Teachers: Science Teachers Instead of being derided as geeks, scientists should be seen as courageous realists and the last great heroic explorers of the unknown.They should get more money, more publicity, better clothes, more sex and free rehab after all of that fame goes to their heads. -- Matthew ChapmanCofounder, ScienceDebate2008East Asian Regional Council of Overseas Schools
21…Annually TelevisedTeaching Awards?What about new televised programs…Monday NightScienceSo You Think You CanTeach?“Dancing with theAstronomers”The of Orange CountyTeachers“America’s NextInventor”
22S.T.R.E.A.M. : The Foundation of Inquiry? Relevant questions, imagination, predictions, inferences, patterns, hunches, experimenting (trial/error) skepticism, thinking, memory, curiosity, minimize errors, sense-making, a quest for knowledge →Survival
27Which of the boxes X, Y, or Z has the LEAST mass? A) X B) Y C) Z D) All three boxes have the same mass.TIMSS Sample Elementary School Science Test (Grades 3 and 4)
28The near future portends dramatic changes for education The near future portends dramatic changes for education. Who will win and who will lose? The losers are going to be those people who think everything is the same as it has always been.Understanding Information Systems in Higher Education, Carole Cotton Associates
29Source: www.ed.gov/nclb/methods/science/science.html The longer students stay in the current system the worse they do. According to the 1995 Third International Mathematics and Science Study, U.S. fourth graders ranked second. By twelfth grade, they fell to 16th, behind nearly every industrialized rival and ahead of only Cyprus and South Africa.Percentage of Twelfth Graders Proficient in Science Source:
30Memorization is what we resort to when what we are learning makes no sense.-- Anonymous
31Brain-considerate Learning: “PERC3S” There are five BC elements that the human brain seeks while processing incoming stimuli for personal “meaning,” which makes the information “memorable” and worth remembering.PatternsEmotionsRelevanceContext, Content, and Cognitively-appropriateSense-makingPatterns, emotions, relevance, context, content and sense-making are critical factors in driving (1) attention, (2) motivation, (3) learning, (4) memory formation, and (5) recall. Collectively, these 5 factors are the primary criteria for transfer into long-term memory storage.
32Learning and Memory By Kenneth Wesson The advantage of a bad memory is that one enjoys several times the same good things for the very first time —Friedrich Nietzsche■ Memory situation #1: Immediately after your assistant has given you the number of an important client, you hang up, but before you can dial, someone asks you for the time. After announcing the time, you ready your index finger to dial the client’s phone number, which has escaped from memory. After asking for the number a second time, you scowl at all oncoming strangers to ward off any mental interlopers prior to dialing.■ Memory situation #2: After returning from a 15th wedding anniversary cruise with 12 Mediterranean ports of call, you effusively describe your vacation to a neighbor. However…
33Brain World magazine June 2011 30 Ways to Improve Your MemoryBy Kenneth WessonWhether we are studying for Friday’s spelling test, a doctoral dissertation or a company presentation, there are a number of reliable memory techniques and powerful memory aids that yield the best results:Brain World magazine June 2011
34The Knowledge Explosion “The sum total of humankind’s knowledge doubled between 1750 and It doubled again between 1900 and 1950, again from 1950 to 1960, again from 1960 to It’s been estimated that the sum total of humankind’s knowledge has doubled at least every five years since then.It’s been further projected that by the year 2020, knowledge or information will double every days.”Dr. James Appleberry - President, American Association of State Colleges and Universities
35Memorization for assessment. purposes rather than teaching Memorization for assessment purposes rather than teaching thinking was frequently the educational goal.
36(structure-function) 5) This is a drawing of a bird’s foot..Where would you be MOST likely to find such a bird?A) forest B) meadow C) cornfield D) desert E) lake(structure-function)TIMSS Sample Elementary School Science Test (Grades 3 and 4)
39Initial Learning ball round yellow Tennis Brown banana lemon School bus
40Remembering = Re-collection/Re-call ballyellowTennisBrownbananaSchool busActivating and re-assembling the same elements inside thebrain that were originally activated in producing the neuralnetwork necessary to represent the concept initially.
42The Association Cortices Make up 37% of the Human Cerebral Cortex
43Patterns: Understanding/Remembering Medical Terms (All medical terms must make sense. )Sciencemaster.comVerbs →Nouns↓-algia (pain)-centesis(puncture)-ectomy(removal)-tomy (incision)-itis(inflamation)-plasty (surgical repair)-megaly (enlargement)-sclerosis(hardening)Angio-(vessel)--angiocen-tesisangiotomyangitisangioplastyangiomegalyangiosclerosisCraino-(skull)craniocen-tesis(hemispher-rectomy)craniotomycranioplastycraniosclerosisCardio-(heart)cardialgiacardiocen-tesiscardiotomycarditiscardioplastymegalocardiacardiosclerosisDerma-(skin)dermacen- tesis(incision)dermatitisdermaplastysclerdermaGastro-(stomach)gastriagastrocen-tesisgastrectomygastritisgastroplastygastromegalyNeuro-(nerve)neuralgianeuritismultiplesclerosisOsteo-(bone)ostealgiaosteocen-tesisosteotomyosteoarthritisostoplastyosteomegalyosteosclerosis
44Reflect and Connect What did you learn in the past 20 minutes? Your colleague has missed the last 20 minutes. Please summarize for him/her the following:What did you learn in the past 20 minutes?How might you apply that information?How will it make a difference for your students?As a classroom practitioner, how should my thinking and/or my teaching change to reflect this information?
46Education: Caught in a Web of False Choices Reading/Language arts orMath and Science?Binary arguments that limit the scope and quality of our subsequent discussions.
47S.T.R.E.A.M. Concepts Science Math Reading/ Lang. Arts advances human knowledgeanalyze strategiesapply concepts to new situationsclassifyuses cluescollect, record and analyze datacommunicatecomparecontextcuriositydescribe and explain
48S.T.R.E.A.M. Concepts Science Math Reading/ Lang. Arts divergent thinkingdraw conclusionsengage in conjecture and argumentationengaging in discourseevaluateexperimentexplorefinding answers to problemsformulate hypotheseshabits of mindgeneralizeidentify variablesinferential thinking
49S.T.R.E.A.M. Concepts Science Math Reading/ Lang. Arts give oral presentationsprepare oral summariesfind patternspose questionspredict behaviorssolve problemsuse process skillsreasonrecord and interpret datarecord observationsmake references
50In Reading, Math and Science Make predictionsMake inferencesConstruct, revise, and question meanings and strategies as they develop (dynamically) minute-by-minuteDetermine the meaning of unfamiliar or unknown words and concepts through interactions and contextsMonitor and modify our understanding of conceptsConstruct and revise written summariesThink about the concept in varying ways throughout (before, during, and after) an investigation (reflection)
52(permission to not know) Ask questions(permission to not know)Engage indiscourse and debateMove aroundas they explore and investigateRefine and revise one’s thinkingDraw, think write and imagine
53 S.A.I.L.The environmental preconditions that should be experienced by students prior to initiating formal instruction include...S afetyA cceptanceI nclusion, interactions and involvement (interpersonal/social aspect of memory formation)After satisfying these prerequisite neurophysiological and hierarchical conditions, students are biologically ready forL earning (students feel their immediate environment is secure enough for them to take risks, explore and discover).Source: Kenneth Wesson (2011). Education for the Real World; Six great ideas for parents and educators. Brain World, Issue 2, Volume II Winter 2011.
54Enhancing the Emotional Climate in the Classroom Helping Hands Facilitate Growing MindsHave each student write the name of a classmate who helpedhim/her along the path of learning a given concept in classSource: Kenneth Wesson (2011). Education for the Real World; Six great ideas for parents and educators. Brain World, Issue 2, Volume II Winter 2011.
61Maintaining and Strengthening Memory Bridge Build Extend10% % %Past content New information Preview
622. Build (on new experiences) Content and skills are best developed through a 3-stage learning process1. Bridge (known → new)2. Build (on new experiences)3. Extend (where might the learning take us next?)
63Making Neural Connections New information gets integrated into existing networks, not “acquired”One’s Existing knowledge
64(Innovations from Problem solving) S.T.R.E.A.M.The Mind+ArtAbstract ThinkingImaginationHuman Advances(Innovations from Problem solving)
66Inquiry: “Possibilities” and the Brain The hippocampus: laying down new memoriesBrain-imaging studies: heightened activations not only when recalling memories, but also when daydreaming.For approximately 30% of our waking hours, we tend to drift off and our brains turn on a "default network" composed of a connected web of brain regions that become activated when our mind shifts from "concentrate" to “wander/wonder" → creativity
67Daydreaming, Wondering and Imagination The unbridled mental excursions during daydreaming have multiple purposes:We mentally rehearse future events -We tackle real or imagined challenges - “problem-solving.”We tend to stretch the current boundaries of reality into new dimensions → innovations and inventions
68National Science Teachers Association Guest Editorial: K. Wesson Sept. 2011
70Inquiry, Visualization and the Brain Biology and zoology are considered by many to be rich sources of analogies from which significant inventions can be derived. Here is a list of animals and the inventions they exemplify.Try matching the animal with the invention it inspired. 1.bat( )parachute 2.armadillosnowshoes 3.chameleonanesthetic 4.fishhelicopter 5.flying squirrelsuction cup 6.squidhypodermic 7.hummingbirdradar 8.scorpioncamouflage 9.snakeelectricity10.abalonetank11.cariboujet propulsion
71Inquiry, Visualization and the Brain 1.bat(5)parachute 2.armadillo(11)snowshoes 3.chameleon (9)anesthetic 4.fish (7)helicopter 5.flying squirrel(10)suction cup 6.squid (8)hypodermic 7.hummingbird (1)radar 8.scorpion (3)camouflage 9.snake (4)electricity10.abalone (2)tank11.caribou (6)jet propulsion
72S.T.R.E.A.M. - Imagery and the Brain Engineering requires capacities both to understand and to produce artistic renditions and models of objects, scientific phenomena and concepts.When students cannot visualize the concepts (VST) , to a corresponding degree, they will have difficultyDescribing them verballyGrasping them conceptuallyDemonstrating their understandingReproducing them during subsequent assessments
73Good thinking is a matter of making connections, and knowing what kinds of connections to make. ---David Perkins
74The Science of Learning Our Priorities for Learners and Learning:We should not be interested in how fast students learn. We should be most interested inHow long the learning will last?How do we get student learning to last longer?How do we make learning permanent?
75SCIENTIFIC THINKING PROCESSES How does a scientist find out (inquiry via heuristics/”thinking tools”)?“A great deal of research in cognitive psychology shows that the more actively you process information, the more you retain it.”-- David Perkins, Co-Director Project Zero, Harvard UniversityObserving (identifying/describing attributes, characteristics, systems and “big ideas”)Predicting (hypothesizing)Classifying/categorizingReasoning (inductive and deductive)Organizing informationComparing traits and systemsRelating (“The metaphor is probably the most fertile power possessed by man.” –Jose Ortega y Gasset.)
76SCIENTIFIC THINKING PROCESSES ContemporarySCIENTIFIC THINKING PROCESSESTesting hypotheses (experimentation)Communicating information/interacting (Talking/interacting with “knowledge others” are essentials to learning; Open discourse; Accountable talk; Drawing)Recording data information (“When found, make note of.” – Dickens)Sharing and evaluating data (community of learners; examining/ analyzing for error)Utilizing multi-sensory methods (and sensory extensions, e.g., telescopes)Summarizing (and checking the quality of one’s own thinking)Sharing information/conclusions orally (interpreting data; modifying original ideas leading to a cycle of inquiries).Writing (preparing arguments that support one’s conclusions)
77Writing a Two-Minute Paper: Reflect and Connect Students assume a greater amount of control over their own learning by defining what they know and contrasting that with what they have yet to learn.What have I just learned?Were any of my preconceptions or misconceptions overturned?What do I still want to/need to know in order to understand this (scientific concept) better?What is this connected to?What do I think will come next?
78Writing and Learning• Students can listen without thinking. • They can sit without listening or thinking. • They can read without thinking, concentrating or remembering very much at all. However, • One cannot write without thinking. • One cannot draw without thinking (doodling is not drawing). • One cannot solve problems without thinking. Drawing does for the brain during the day, what dreaming does for the brain at night.
79“One characteristic of high-performing “One characteristic of high-performing schools is an emphasis on teaching non-fiction writing.”(Reeves, D.B. (2003). High Performance in High Poverty Schools: 90/90/90 and Beyond. Center for Performance Assessment. Denver, Colorado)
80why not teach the way they learn?" "If they don't learn the way you teach, thenwhy not teach the way they learn?"
81STREAM and The Science of Learning Our Priorities for Learners and Learning:Science should be learner-centered“Hands-on, minds-on, heart’s-in” learningActively engage students in scientific inquiry“Relevant” to what and how the student sees the broader context of “the world” rather than by “discipline”Build new knowledge based on prior knowledgeOpportunities to “reflect and connect” should be infused into regular classroom S.T.R.E.A.M. learning (metacognition)
82The Neural Foundation for Concept Development If I Can… Then I am Able To…1. Experience it first-hand Discuss it orally(“Hands-on, minds-on, heart’s-in”“Wow! experiences)2. Discuss it orally Understand what others mean, when they talk about it3. Understand when I discuss it Communicate it in written formand when and others discuss it4. Communicate it in written form Read my own writing5. Do it, see it, discuss it, hear Explain it to others coherently/intelligentlyabout it and write about it6. Explain it to others Ready to read other’s writing7. Understand the writings of Begin reading (the writing of others) withinothers on the subject general content areaExcerpted from Memory and the Brain: How Teaching Leads to Learning. Wesson, K. The Independent School, Volume 63, Spring 2002
83X- S.T.R.E.A.M. Plane Physics of flight The laws of motion Force and motionAerodynamicsAerodynamic system
86Flight, Motion, and Aerodynamics All aircraft concepts had to be consistent with aerodynamics and that can accommodate the laws of motion (Copernicus, Galileo, Einstein, etc.)The principles of acceleration, gravity, inertia, mass, and the relative nature of motion, are all to be respected in all flight and aircraft designs.
89How Learners LearnLearning requires context for understanding its meaning(s) – conceptual; experiential; connected to related content or what else we know.Stored knowledge is necessary for all new learning (serves as the scaffolding for higher-order thinking.) When students lack this relevant knowledge base, growth in learning is reduced.Learning is seldom instantaneous. The neural processing of an experience and all subsequent learning (as well as memory storage) do not occur simultaneously. They require consolidation time, periodic rehearsal and maintenance for storage.
90Brain World, Issue 2, Volume II Winter 2011. Cognitive RehearsalsWhen playing with objects, learners are simultaneously manipulating and playing with ideas (using internal dialogues to attach words and meaning to actions)Exploring and experimenting involve examining relationships, interactions and systems, where learners formulate their own personal “theories” (mental constructs)Thinking is a rehearsal for discourseDiscourse is a rehearsal for writingPlaying with objects and ideas, exploring and experimenting, thinking, talking, and writing become rehearsals (background knowledge) for reading.Writing and reading clarify one’s thoughts, generate coherent thinking, and cultivate precision in expressing one’s inner thoughtsDiscourse and writing become rehearsals for assessmentSource: Kenneth Wesson (2011). Education for the Real World; Six great ideas for parents and educators.Brain World, Issue 2, Volume II Winter 2011.
94Flight, Motion and Aerodynamics Ask pre- and post-investigation questionsWhat do you predict will occur when we...?What might occur if we...instead?What would you predict the outcome might be if we changed the _______? (procedural change)If we changed _________, how might that alter the expected data? (by changing any of the materials/objects)Use of visuals: Use any pictures, diagrams, charts, graphs, or illustrations available to you in order to orally support your claims and evidence.
95“…for learning to take place, students must actively engage in meaningful problem solving.” -- John Dewey
96Making Predictions and Making Connections Data Gathering:Making Predictions and Making ConnectionsHow far will your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane fly on 25 winds?Make a guess: ______________ metersRecord your data: ____________windsHow far will your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane fly on 100 winds?Make a prediction: ______________ metersHow far will your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane fly on 50 winds?
97Making Predictions and Making Connections Data Gathering:Making Predictions and Making ConnectionsGraph your results for both(1) your predictions(2) your resultsby using either a line graph or a bar graph.
98Making Predictions and Making Connections Data Gathering:Making Predictions and Making ConnectionsDiscrepant data in the predictions vs. the resulting dataWhat variables impacted your results preventing your data from appearing to be a simple linear mathematical relationship between 25 winds, 100 winds, and 50 winds?
99X- S.T.R.E.A.M. PlaneIf you made a flight line out of cotton string (rather than a filament line) how would the resistance change due to a change in the level of friction?Would it take longer for your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane to break inertia?
100Students need “low stakes” writing to learn the content. “The goal isn't so much good writing as coming to learn, understand, remember and figure out what you don't yet know.”Elbow, P. (1994). Writing for learning--not just for demonstrating learning. University of Massachusetts
101Predictions and Connections Data Gathering:Predictions and ConnectionsWrite down some of the variables that might have an impact on the data you collect from your flight system (the actual distance flown by your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane)?
102Predictions and Connections Data Gathering:Predictions and ConnectionsChanges in the slope (incline or decline) during takeoff and/or flightthe direction of the windthe weight of the load (cargo)the number of rubber bands used (thrust)the size of the rubber bands usedthe number of propellersthe size of the propellerschanges in the tension of the flight linethe number of winds (fuel)if wings were added to the plane, would that increase/ decrease the distance flown?
103Making Predictions and Making Connections Data Gathering:Making Predictions and Making ConnectionsHow many winds will it take for your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane to fly half of the distance on a 10 m flight line?My prediction is: _________ metersRecord your data (number of winds) ________.How many winds will it take for your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane to fly the full distance of your 10 m flight line?My prediction is: : _____________Record your data (number of winds) _________.
104Making Predictions and Making Connections Data Gathering:Making Predictions and Making ConnectionsHow far would your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane fly with aTrue-Man (U.S. Truman dime) as its cargo?Make a prediction: _____________Record your data ______ metersHow about with two True-Men as its cargo?Record your data _______ metersWhat happened to the escape velocity?Why is it that a 2-True-Man load does not reduce the distance by exactly one half?
105X- S.T.R.E.A.M. PlaneWhat variables had an effect on the flight of your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane? What was the effect of each?Why is it important to keep all but one of the variables the same when conducting a controlled experiment? (Integrating)How could you get your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane to fly halfway down the flight line if you already know the number of winds required to travel the full distance? (Application)
106Best Approach to Vocabulary Development Realistic contextPractical vocabularyCognitively appropriate content (comprehension)Personal meaningMultiple exposures
107How Children Learn Vocabulary Word/Meaning Words are used to think. The more words we know, the finer our understanding of the world (Stahl, 1999)
109Reverse Direction Decoding Dactyloscopy:The practice of using fingerprints for personal identification.dak-tu-los'ku-pē(-py) = pē(-copy) = ku-pē(-loscopy) = los'ku-pē(-tyloscopy) = tu-los'ku-pēdactyloscopy = dak-tu-los'ku-pēSource: Kenneth Wesson (2010). The magic of human language development. Brain World, Volume 3.
111X- S.T.R.E.A.M. Plane: Writing & Vocabulary How is your X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane like a real plane? (Integrating)What could you use an X- S.T.R.E.A.M. plane on a filament line for? (Open-ended)Can you use two of our vocabulary words in one sentence?Can you use three of them in one sentence?
112X- S.T.R.E.A.M. Plane Experience Science: the physics of flight, the laws of motion, force and motion, and aerodynamic systemsTechnology: designing and building a new plane based on what was learned from the experiences with your X – STREAM plane
113X- S.T.R.E.A.M. Plane Experience Reading/Language Arts: Discourse, writing, reading about flight and the history of flying“We don’t learn from experience, we learn by reflecting on it.”John Dewey
115Reading goes from what is currently stored in the neural networks of the learner to the page (not page → learner)What the learner already knows and the vocabulary he has determine text comprehension.
116Writing in Science What did we investigate? What did we investigate? What were we looking for?What did we do/see?How did we measure it? What did we learn? What conclusion(s) can we draw? What was most memorable/surprising about this investigation? What new questions came up during our investigations? What other investigations could we conduct to discover more about this scientific phenomenon? Create a short list of “what if” questions about the subject of your investigation (creativity).Writing in Science
117X- S.T.R.E.A.M. Plane Experience Art:1. Draw your X – STREAM plane2. Create your own flight vehicle utilizing what we learned3. Design an airport – what are the “taxi distance” requirements? Why are they important?
118S.T.R.E.A.M. - Imagery and the Brain The brain constantly makes images of the real world. Wecreate imagesremember imagesintegrate parts of images with other imagesmanipulate imagescolor imagestransform imagescreate symbols for imagesproduce our own unique personal imagesmentally leap from image to imagebuild new images and forget old onesuse images to predictinvent newer images based on our old imagesconsistently changing our perception (image) of the world around us
120S.T.R.E.A.M. - Imagery and the Brain Without art, science would stagnate and communication of scientific discoveries would be impossible.According to E.S. Ferguson (1977), many scientific and engineering problems simply cannot be described verbally.
123Learning on the Diagonal Learning by visualizationsskills/knowledgeWhat habits of thinking were engendered by today’s lesson?How did the focus on historical narrative impact your study of the New Deal?Content
124Proportionality: accuracy Develop the fine motor skills that will never be refined by moving a computer mouse
125S.T.R.E.A.M. - Imagery and the Brain Children, who have received instruction on forming mental images on their own and paying attention to illustrations in text, significantly outperform their counterparts on tests of comprehension and recall.Dr. Brian Swann – Harvard School of Medicine (Dentistry)
126S.T.R.E.A.M. - Imagery and VST Overlooked and under-utilized in our math and science curriculaFemale students benefit mostKey to learning how to read and understanding textPlay major roles in creativityPlay major roles in memory
127Fostering human potential using media, storytelling, and technology.
128X- S.T.R.E.A.M. Plane Experience Math: measurement, comparisons, scale, making predictions, thinking mathematically, data and variables
132Boulder Valley School District Project Manager/STREAM FTE(Temporary Position) Curriculum Assessment and Instruction DEADLINE: July 22, NATURE OF WORK: This position is grant-funded and will manage the BVSD Science Technology Reading Engineering Art and Mathematics (STREAM) Initiative. RESPONSIBILITIES: *Design and deliver professional development for teachers participating in the STREAM initiative *Coordinate logistics for the STREAM initiative including scheduling professional development and tracking project technology hardware used in schools SALARY: $63,383 - $67, START DATE: August 1, 2011
133I find that the great thing in this world I find that the great thing in this world is not so much where we stand as in what direction we are headed.-- Oliver Wendell Holmes
134Magnets:Tie the magnet to the bottom of your string.Observe how your magnets interact.Draw a picture of those interactions.Where could these interactions be used?
135Expanding Your Vision of STEM Blind man: “What could be worse than loosing your eyesight?”St. Anthony: “Losing sight of your vision.”If you don’t know where you are going, then any path will lead you there. (You aren’t even on a path.)
137Brain Break: Reflect and Connect Your colleague has just joined you. Please summarize for him/her the following:What did you learn today?How did it change the way you think about teaching?Write down two “I will’s” from today.
138“Write” “Recite” “Repeat every night” Hope is not a Strategy: For Real Change“Write”“Recite”“Repeat every night”
139212o Now let’s take today’s ideas - Extra 1o It’s time to turn up the heat just one degree!212o
140It is not enough to “do” your best, but to know what to do, andthen do your best.-- Demming
141Interested in this Keynote Speaker visiting your district/school? Contact Lindsay Kaufman(518) or