Presentation on theme: "Science, Technology and Innovation José Monserrat Filho Head of the International Relations Office Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology Brazil."— Presentation transcript:
Science, Technology and Innovation José Monserrat Filho Head of the International Relations Office Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology Brazil in Focus - Thematic Seminar Series Shanghai, June 17, 2010
Brazil Takes Off! The Brazilian Foreign Policy Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development Brazil-China Outline 2 The Strategic Partnership Joint Action Plan ( )
3 Brazil Takes Off! Macroeconomic Conditions Low InflationLow Inflation Low External VulnerabilityLow External Vulnerability Sound Fiscal PolicySound Fiscal Policy Strong Banking SectorStrong Banking Sector Expanding Domestic MarketExpanding Domestic Market Continuing Growth in the GDPContinuing Growth in the GDP The Economist – Nov. 2009
Leaving the Crisis Behind: GDP may grow 5% p.a. in the period Brazil Takes Off! (GDP Growth) 4 GPD: Annual Real Variation (%) * 2009 and Avg : BNDES' Forecasts. Sources: IBGE and BNDES.
Highlights: The first latin americas Semiconductor Industry (CEITEC) ; Supercomputer provides fairly reliable estimates (Climate Network); Total R&D expenditure (GERD) grows from 0,95% (2004) to 1,09% (2008); Scholarships encourage scientific production (2010: 160,000 scholarships); STI Networks provide technology development and innovation in private sector and transfer knowledge for society. 5 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development
First Action Plan Priorities: Expansion and Consolidation of the National STI System; Promoting Technological Innovation in Business; RDI in Strategic Areas (e.g.: Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, ICTs, Health, Biofuels, Renewable Energy, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Space) ; S&T for Social Development (Popularization of Science). 6 Science, Technology and Innovation for National Development
7 STI in Brazil: Cases World Leader in Deep Sea Drilling for Oil and Gas Production Post-Salt Layer Bears most of Brazils reserves. Salt Layer Pre-Salt Layer New exploratory model: Technology more resistant both to corrosion and to high temperatures and pressure. Tupi (7000m) Tupi is expected to produce 100,000 barrels of oil and five million cubic meters of gas per day in 2010.
EMBRAER has become one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in the world by focusing on specific market segments with high growth potential in commercial, defense, and executive aviation. STI in Brazil: Cases 8 8
9 World Leader in Tropical Agribusiness Labex Role: To bring the international dimension to the innovation process EUA / EUROPE / KOREA / CHINA (On Negotiation)
First experiments date back to 1925 PROÁLCOOL (1975): bioethanol blended in gasoline (25%) Flex-fuel engines (gasoline, bioethanol or mix) introduced in % of the new cars manufactured today Total bioethanol today equals the amount of gasoline BIOETHANOL from Sugar Cane for Vehicle Fuel STI in Brazil: Cases 10
Universal Vision / Global Approach / Diversification of Markets / Multilateral Cooperation / Only Peaceful Purposes Integration with South America (Mercosul, Unasul, etc.) Relations with Latin America and the Caribbean Relations with Africa IBSA, BRIC and Middle East Multilateral Organizations Humanitarian Assistance 11 The Brazilian Foreign Policy
In 2009, Brazil and China celebrated the 35th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations; The trade between both countries reached US$ 36 billion, China has become Brazil's first largest individual partner; China is a strategic partner in discussions about the world economic crisis, in climate change issues and also poverty; The BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India and China), originally identified by investment groups, have become an instrument of foreign policy and new partnerships. Since the first meeting of Heads of State, held in June 2009, those countries seek common positions in global forums. 12 Brazil-China: The Strategic Partnership
The two sides highlight the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) as one of the most successful scientific and technological cooperation programs between developing countries and are willing to expand and enrich the cooperation under its framework. 13 Brazil-China: The Strategic Partnership
14 Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan In order to promote a comprehensive and in-depth development of the Brazil-China Strategic Partnership and further enhance the mutually beneficial and friendly cooperation between the two countries, the two sides agreed on the "Joint Action Plan" in a spirit of equality, pragmatism and obtaining win-win results. The "Joint Action Plan" defines the objectives, concrete goals and directions for the bilateral cooperation in the next five years. It aims at coordinating and improving the existing bilateral cooperation mechanisms and at broadening and deepening bilateral cooperation in all areas.
15 General objectives for the Joint Action Plan: Strengthen political consultations on bilateral and multilateral issues of mutual interest, based on the principles of equality and mutual trust, thus cementing the political foundation of the strategic partnership; Broaden and deepen bilateral relations in all areas; Better coordinate cooperation initiatives in all areas of the Brazil- China Strategic Partnership, as well as all its institutional mechanisms; Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan
16 General objectives for the Joint Action Plan: Establish precise and objective goals for each of the cooperation areas based on specific initiatives; Monitor and evaluate the established goals and the activities undertaken by the several bodies involved; Promote the exchange of national experience in areas of mutual interest; Take a strategic view on bilateral relations, in the medium and long term, vis-à-vis developments in the international arena. Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan
17 Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan Science Technology and Innovation Strengthen cooperation Priority cooperation areas Mutual benefits Innovation for development Bioenergy and Biofuels; Nanotechnology; Agricultural Science.
18 Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan Space Cooperation China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) Strengthening the strategic partnership CBERS access to developing countries Reception of China`s HJ-1A and HJ-1B satellite data in Brazil Data policy Expansion of cooperation
19 Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan Implementation of the Work Plan on the Cooperation on S&T and Innovation: a) Bioenergy and biofuels (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ), Tsinghua University, Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences (CATAS); b) Nanotechnology (Chinese Academy of Sciences – CAS, Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology [MCT] and other independent research institutions and agencies pertaining to the Brazilian Innovation System);
20 Brazil-China: Joint Action Plan Implementation of the Work Plan on the Cooperation on S&T and Innovation: c) Agrarian Sciences (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - EMBRAPA and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences - CAAS); d) To support the Brazil-China Center on Innovative Technologies for Climate Change and New Energies, established by COPPE of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro the Tsinghua University.