Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byJayden Murray Modified over 4 years ago

5
The forces at work are: Electromagnetic: Repulsion of like charges: proton-proton and electron-electron Attraction of unlike charges: proton-electron. Magnetic: Electron spin introduces magnetic forces. Electrons with opposite spins produce opposite magnetic poles. Opposite magnetic poles attract. Opposite spin is required for electrons to occupy the same orbital.

6
The Energies involved: Electron (orbital) Potential Energy: 2s 2p 3s 3p 3d 4s 4p 1s ENERGY LEVEL

7
120 o 109.5 o 90 o 180 o Bond Angles

8
PxPx PyPy PzPz PxPx PyPy PzPz

9
Methane building blocks

10
2s2p x 2p z 2p y 1s sp 3 sp 3 109.5 o Promote Hybridize x z y Methane: Carbon

11
CH 2 O 120 o

12
2s2p x 2p z 2p y 1s sp 2 sp 2 sp 2 120 o Hybridized Formaldehyde: Carbon Promoted 120 o Trigonal Planar 2s + 2p x + 2p z

13
2s2p x 2p z 2p y 1s sp 2 sp 2 sp 2 120 o Hybridized Formaldehyde: Oxygen 120 o Trigonal Planar Lone Pairs 2s + 2p x + 2p z

14
Formaldehyde Sigma bond 2 Lone Pairs bond bond

16
2s2p x 2p z 2p y 1s sp Promoted Hybridized Hydrogen Cyanide: Carbon 2s + 2p x Linear

17
2s2p x 2p z 2p y 1s sp Hybridized Hydrogen Cyanide: Nitrogen 2s + 2p x Linear

18
bond bond

19
PCl 5

20
3s3p x 3p z 3p y 2 Neon 120 o Hybridized Phosphorus Pentachloride: Phosphorus Trigonal Bipyrimidal sp 3 d sp 3 d sp 3 d sp 3 d sp 3 d d xz d yz d xy d x 2 -y 2 d z 2 120 o 90 o Promoted

Similar presentations

Presentation is loading. Please wait....

OK

Covalent Bonding Sec. 8.4: Molecular shape.

Covalent Bonding Sec. 8.4: Molecular shape.

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on statistics and probability Ppt on material heritage of india Ppt on world book day Ppt on acid-base titration calculation Ppt on world environment day 2012 Ppt on viruses and bacteria test Resource based view ppt online Ppt on quality education for all Ppt on safe drinking water in india Ppt on care of public property records