3BOOSTING ACHIEVEMENT THROUGH CONTENT AREA READING INSTRUCTION Nicole Hochholzer Literacy Coordinator, Kaukauna High School Consultant, International Center for Leadership in Education3
4Poll #1 Who do we have participating today? Literacy coach Classroom teacherAdministratorOther
5Answer the big questions: Who?How?What?When and where?But most importantly:WHY???
6Adolescent LiteracyA successful adolescent literacy initiative is only successful if you know WHY you are implementing it!
7Answering the questions: Developing great leadership – WHO?Using lexiles to differentiate instruction – HOW?Choosing the most effective strategies – WHAT?Fostering reading for pleasure – WHEN & WHERE?
8DEVELOPING GREAT LEADERSHIP Do form a strong team of interested staffDon’t rely on one administrator or one literacy coachDo develop a plan that details WHO will do WHAT by WHEN with time for reflection and adjustmentDo give yourselves time – it won’t happen in one yearDon’t expect things to go perfectly – they won’t!
9USING LEXILESUsing lexile data gives staff helps with the WHY - the argument “it’s not my job to teach reading” seems rather petty when a student with a 400L is facing a textbook of 1300LIt’s up to the literacy leadership team to help staff understand HOW to use lexiles to differentiate instruction
10Grade Levels Do I want to buy a 5th grade shoe? Why would I want to buy a 5thgrade book?
11Lexile Literature 1500 - On Ancient Medicine 1400 - The Scarlet Letter Brown vs. Board of Ed.War and PeacePride and PrejudiceBlack Beauty900 - Tom Swift in the Land of Wonders800 - The Adventures of Pinocchio700 - Bunnicula: A Rabbit Tale of Mystery600 - A Baby Sister for Frances500 - The Magic School Bus Inside the Earth400 - Frog and Toad are Friends300 - Clifford’s Manners
12Lexile TextsThe Making of Memory: From Molecules to Mind; DoubledayPhilosophical Essays; Hackett PublishingPsychology: An Introduction; Prentice HallBusiness; Prentice HallAmerica: Pathways to Present; Prentice HallWriting and Grammar Gold Level; Prentice Hall900 - World Cultures: A Global Mosaic; Prentice Hall800 - Word 97; Glencoe/McGraw-Hill700 - World Explorer: The U.S. & Canada; Prentice Hall600 - Science (Grade 4); Addison-Wesley500 - People and Places; Silver Burdett Ginn400 - Imagine That!; Scholastic Inc.300 - My World; Harcourt Brace
13Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%) Lexile Framework® for Reading Study Summary of Text Lexile MeasuresInterquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%)160014001200Text Lexile Measure (L)1000800600HighSchoolLiteratureCollegeLiteratureHighSchoolTextbooksCollegeTextbooksMilitaryPersonalUseEntry-LevelOccupationsSAT 1,ACT,AP** Source of National Test Data: MetaMetrics
14Uses at Kaukauna High School: Self-selection of books in English classesMath textbook exampleHelped teachers understand need for strategies and differentiationPart of textbook selection process“Snapshot” test for special ed
15CHOOSE THE MOST EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES: Literacy Leadership Team can:“Test run” strategiesRun in-servicesServe as resourcesAct as cheerleaders
16What are the best strategies? Strategies that work with all subject areasStrategies that aren’t too daunting or complicatedStrategies that complement already existing curriculumFrankly, the best strategies are the ones you can do!!
17Vocabulary: the great equalizer Vocabulary strategies are great to start with because everyone has content-area vocabularyIt’s not just an “English issue”
18Concept Definition Map What is it? (definition)What is it like?LITERACYWhat are some examples?
19Concept Definition Map What is it? (definition)What is it like?ComprehendtextCommunicateverbally &WrittenLITERACYRead fordifferentpurposesResume &Cover letterWord problemsWebsitesWhat are some examples?
20Vocabulary Knowledge Rating Sheet Unit of study:___________ WORD3Can define it, use it, teach it2Heard it, seen it1Do not know itDefinition, example, and/or image22.214.171.124.5.Source: Kinsella and Feldman
21Vocabulary SquaresTermDefinitionExampleHow I will remember this
22Vocabulary Squares Term Latency Stage Definition Example No erogenous zonePlay with same sex peers and avoid opposite sex peersExampleGirls play dolls on playground while boys play footballHow I will remember thisEWW!YUCK!!
23Read Around the Text Picture Cues This picture shows… Captions QuestionsMaps, ChartsGraphsFirst and LastParagraphBig Ideas
24INSERT STRATEGY Confirms what you thought Contradicts what you thought Raises a questionConfuses youSeems importantIs new or interestingX???!
25The Deluxe Reading Tour Title of the Reading:MY title for the reading:Key Quote (one of the most important statements in the reading)Why I Chose This Quote (reasons and evidence to support my choice)Brief Casual Summary (the main ideas expressed in my own words)Graphic Representation (illustration or clip-art that conveys theme)Source: Kinsella & Feldman
26Two Summarizing Strategies: Summarizing Fiction: Somebody Wanted But SoSomebody – main characterWanted – problem they dealt withBut – force that worked against the problemSo – outcome, but don’t give away ending*Then take each part and craft it into a sentence to summarize what was readSource: Laura Robb
27Summarizing Strategies… Summarizing Nonfiction: TFCNT – TopicF – 2 Fascinating factsC – connection madeN- new understanding*Then write a summary
28Rock Around the Clock Main Idea Key Words and Meanings Important PointsAh-ha’s (Insights)Unanswered QuestionsSource: ICLE
29Poll #2 Which strategy could you try this week? A vocabulary strategy INSERTDeluxe Reading TourRock Around the Clock
30The Lesson Research Suggests a New Format Traditional FormatNew FormatPrereading ActivitiesDiscussionsPredictionsQuestioningBrainstormingSetting PurposeReadingAssignmentGivenGuidedACTIVESilent ReadingActivities to clarify,reinforce, extendKnowl-edgeIndependentreadingDiscussion to see ifstudents learned mainconcepts, what they“should have” learned
31Reading CAN be fun! Make Book Clubs attractive and rewarding Draw attention to reading – create buzz!!Latch on to trends in Young Adult Lit
32Remember… Don’t expect perfection Give yourself some time! Start small and start strong