Presentation on theme: "21st Century Leadership- Using Data to Drive Decisions"— Presentation transcript:
121st Century Leadership- Using Data to Drive Decisions Dr. G. Thomas HoulihanExec Dir- Education Leadership InstituteDr. G. Thomas HoulihanExecutive DirectorCouncil of Chief State School Officers
2A National/International Perspective (what I’ve learned) Current IssuesLessons Learned2007
3The Constant Tension Between State and Federal Control LESSON #1The Constant Tension Between State and Federal ControlWho pays for whatIs funding enough?Constitutional questions
4The Constant Tension Between State and Federal Control LESSON #1The Constant Tension Between State and Federal ControlTHE REAL ISSUE IS WHO CONTROLS CREATIVITY OF OUR SCHOOLS– 21ST CENTURY IMPLICATIONS!
5LESSON #2Educators have a difficult time believing in schools they haven’t seen.(Just can’t grasp)“We are different”“You don’t teach our kids”“Our kids have too many problems”
6The Growing Consensus for HS Reform! LESSON #3The Growing Consensus for HS Reform!NCLB - The tip of the icebergBill Gates - NGA SummitGlobal Issues - China, India,European Common Market* Partnership for 21st Century Skills
7LESSON #4 Leadership Matters! “As the teacher goes, so goes the classroom”“As the principal goes, so goes the school.”“As the superintendent goes, so goes the district.”Single biggest obstacle in education- leadership ability to lead change!
8Research on attitudes towards high schools 21st CENTURY ISSUESResearch on attitudes towards high schools
9Alliance for Excellent Education A Presentation of Survey Research on the Public’s Views on Public High Schools ( results)
10Views Toward High School For the first time high schools top people’s concerns
11The American public feels the most urgency to improve high schools, but they see room for improving all levels of education.Now I am going to ask you some questions about different types of public schools. For each one please consider everything you know or have heard about public education and tell me how urgent you think it is to improve this kind of school. Here’s the first one ___ __(read item). Is it extremely urgent, very urgent, somewhat urgent, a little urgent, or not at all urgent to improve ___item?Across demographic groups the public sees more urgency surrounding high schools.
12The public thinks the percentage of students attending college, followed by drop-out rates and the percentage of students getting jobs are the best indicators of how well a public high school is doing.For each of the following please tell me how good an indicator it is of how well a public high school is doing. Using a scale of 0-5, where zero means it is not a very good indicator and 5 means it is the best indicator ?Mean126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52
14Given the goals they see for high schools- preparing for jobs and college- Americans do not see high school living up to their goals.Do you think a diploma from America’s public high schools prepares graduates to get a good-paying job?*Do you think a diploma from America’s public high schools prepares graduates to succeed in college?*No demographic group thinks schools prepare graduates for jobs. More educated people also think schools do not prepare for college.*Split sampled questions
15Americans believe improving reading and writing is key Solutions for SuccessAmericans believe improving reading and writing is key
16By increasing and overwhelming margins, Americans believe that improving reading and writing is the most important factor to increasing the graduation rate.Now I am going to read you some pairs of statements. As I read each pair, tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views – even if neither is exactly right.Improving reading comprehension and writing is not the most important factor to increasing the graduation rateImproving reading comprehension and writing is the most important factor to increasing the graduation rate2005All demographic groups side with this statement.2004*Split-sampled questions
17Americans are not ready to give up on our high school students and they strongly feel that poorly-performing students can still get the help they need to succeed, rather than thinking it is too late.When you think about students who do not do well in high school, do you think by the time they get to high school it is too late to turn them around and help them succeed or do you think students can still get the help they need to succeed?There is little difference across racial groups
18When asked which of several factors they would be most willing to pay more in taxes for, they pick these top priorities.Now I am going to read you some strategies that some people believe are the building blocks to help every high school student to succeed at college or in life. For each item please tell me how willing you would be to pay more in taxes to make that item happen – extremely willing, very willing, somewhat willing, a little willing, or not at all willing?
19The public sees the high drop-out rate as having an impact on the nation’s economy and ability to compete in the global economy.SSA: What impact does a high drop out rate have on the nation’s economy, does it have a lot of impact on the economy, somewhat, a little, not at all or will it make no difference on the economy?SSB: What impact does a high drop out rate have on America’s ability to compete in the global economy, does it have a lot of impact on global competition, somewhat, a little, not at all or will it make no difference on America’s ability to compete globally?Impact of high drop-out rate on nation’s economy*91%Impact of high drop-out rate on America’s ability to compete in the global economy*92%*Split sampled question
20The ability (or inability) of schools to embrace change 21st CENTURY ISSUESThe ability (or inability) of schools to embrace change
21Ready or Not . . . The World is Different • Work is different ...• Tools are different ...• Communication is different ...• Information is different ...• Kids are different ...• Learning is different …• Teaching must be different ...And Leading must be different!
23Who would you hire? Someone who could · master a core subject · effectively communicate· effectively collaborate· be a self-directed learner· be creative· be information/media literate· be a critical thinker· be a problem solver· be accountable and adaptable· be socially responsibleDiny Golder-DardisWho? Over 300 participating organizations and experts in their fields of education- How? Request for Information (RFI)ResearchFocus GroupsOutreach to OrganizationsOutreach to Individuals with Expertise in 21st Century SkillsNational Forum on 21st Century SkillsWhat?Collected, cataloged using GEM controlled vocabularyPut all resources in a databaseSummarized input into the MILE Guide
24How do educators move forward- 21st Century skills How do educators move forward- 21st Century skills? DATA-DRIVEN DECISION-MAKING + SYSTEMS THINKING!!2007
25CHARACTERISTICS: MODEL SCHOOLS Laser-like focus on data- assist classroom teachersUse of teacher knowledgeWide variety of data collectedOnly essential data collectedALL LEADING TO……………………………
26THE DRIVING FACTOR: DATA In school after school, the key for all data is in making appropriate instructionaldecisions……………and to inform students, parents and others on an ongoing basis!
27KEY ISSUES- USING DATA #1 Issue- Data rich, analysis poor WHY- THE EPIDEMIC OF IMMEDIACY IN USQuestions;** Do we sometimes confuse achievement and learning?** Do we teach skills or develop skills?
28KEY ISSUES (#1 cont); Do we really know what data is saying? Do we really understand the powers and limits of data?Do we make guesstimates based on data?Do we use data to ‘sort and select’ or to guide continuous improvement?
29KEY ISSUES (Cont); #2 Issue- Balancing Data Hard data- test scores, drop-out rates, ADM, etc.Soft data- case studies, student morale, and faculty attitudes
30KEY ISSUES (#2 cont);In many cases, hard data is the total focus at the exclusion of soft data.This is often a short-term fix but a long-term mistake!!!!!
32SYSTEMS THINKINGAny system is designed to produce exactly what it produces!
33To change performance we must change the SYSTEM, and this requires new approaches and a new way of THINKING and DOING
34KEY ISSUES (#3 Cont);We often make decisions using data and don’t factor in the systems perspective.Most common examples- Drop-outs, student achievement………………….
35KEY ISSUES (#3 Cont) Student Achievement Data- Do you know if data really means improvement, statistically?Do you know the trends over time and statistical significance?Does this data guide long-term planning?
36KEY ISSUESIssue #5-“Doing your best isn’t good enough if you don’t know what your doing.”-- W. Edwards Deming
37Higher performance at a later time period NCLB IS NOT BASED ON Traditional ImprovementHigher performance at a later time period
38A positive trend in performance from year to year NCLB IS BASED ON Continuous ImprovementA positive trend in performance from year to year
39THE KEY TO NCLB: Breakthrough Improvement Significant performance improvement of a system’s indicator value over time
40BREAKTHROUGH IMPROVEMENT Based on the use of Statistical Process Control:BREAKTHROUGH PERFORMANCE
42CONCLUDING COMMENTSGood data should result in two actions: classroom action and public action1) Classroom action- appropriate action school practitioners take after reviewing data that is relevant and meaningful - modify instructional practices
43CONCLUDING COMMENTS2) Public Action- social consequences that occur after the public reviews the data regarding the school
60Results 1 - 10 of about 1,010,000 for learn Mandarin iPod. (0 Results of about 1,010,000 for learn Mandarin iPod. (0.20 seconds)June 18, 2006Results of about 4,440,000 for learn Chinese iPodJuly 13, 2006
61“When the rate of change on the outside exceeds the rate of change on the inside, the end is in sight.”-- Jack Welch, CEO General Electric
62“The very thing that frightens us today, the change curve, the phenomenal rate of change is an ally. It’s not a change curve, it’s a possibility curve. The times of most change always hold the most possibility.”DeWitt Jones
63REMEMBER PERSPECTIVE!! 1. We have the best K12 system in the world! -- skill levels-- rate of innovation-- taking risks-- self-confidenceWith learning and sharing, we can be so much better!!!- Katty Kay, CCSSO Leg Conference
64REMEMBER PERSPECTIVE“ The more I travel, the more I find that most heated debates in many countries are around education. And here’s what is really funny- every country thinks it’s behind.”- Tom Friedman, 3/25/06International Herald- Tribune
65REMEMBER PERSPECTIVE Tony Blair- Innovative charter schools Singapore- obsessed with math scoresUS- K12 math/scienceJapan/India/China/- liberal arts concerns- Tom Friedman, 3/25/06International Herald- Tribune
66THE FUTURE??“My guess is that we are at the start of a global convergence in education. China and India….inspire more creativity. America…more rigorous in math and science.. A great win-win.”- Tom Friedman, 3/25/06International Herald- Tribune
67THE FUTURE??“It’s a win-win. But some will win more than others- and it will be those who get this balance right the fastest.”- Tom Friedman, 3/25/06International Herald- Tribune
68THE SECRETThe genius of America’s success is that the US is a rich country with many attributes of a scrappy, developing society- open, flexible, adventurous and hard working!!- Newsweek (6/12/06)
69WHAT WE MUST DO…..We cannot compete in some areas (cheap labor), but what we can do is take the best features of the American system- openness, innovation, and flexibility- and enhance them to respond to new challenges.- Newsweek (6/12/06)
70WHAT WE MUST DO…..Embrace (and lead) change. A future of slow, steady decline or a willingness to embrace change and move forward?That is the question….-Newsweek (6/12/06)
71WHAT WE MUST DO…..Transforming the high school is ‘like herding elephants with a toothbrush’.-NC educator-Newsweek (6/12/06)
72WHAT WE MUST DO…..Transforming the high school is ‘like herding elephants with a toothbrush’.-NC educator-Newsweek (6/12/06)
73WHAT WE MUST DO…..Look beyond political labels- real engagement of government, business and educators- only way to get transformational change.-Newsweek (6/12/06)
74WHAT WE MUST DO….. Finally- Be Scared!!! We must not underestimate how fast the rest of the world is catching up!!-Newsweek (6/12/06)