Presentation on theme: "Dr. G. Thomas Houlihan Executive Director Council of Chief State School Officers Dr. G. Thomas Houlihan Exec Dir- Education Leadership Institute 21 st."— Presentation transcript:
Dr. G. Thomas Houlihan Executive Director Council of Chief State School Officers Dr. G. Thomas Houlihan Exec Dir- Education Leadership Institute 21 st Century Leadership- Using Data to Drive Decisions
2007 A National/International Perspective (what Ive learned) Current Issues Lessons Learned
LESSON #1 The Constant Tension Between State and Federal Control Who pays for what Is funding enough? Constitutional questions
LESSON #1 The Constant Tension Between State and Federal Control THE REAL ISSUE IS WHO CONTROLS CREATIVITY OF OUR SCHOOLS– 21 ST CENTURY IMPLICATIONS!
LESSON #2 We are different You dont teach our kids Our kids have too many problems Educators have a difficult time believing in schools they havent seen. (Just cant grasp)
LESSON #3 NCLB - The tip of the iceberg Bill Gates - NGA Summit Global Issues - China, India, European Common Market * Partnership for 21 st Century Skills The Growing Consensus for HS Reform!
LESSON #4 As the teacher goes, so goes the classroom As the principal goes, so goes the school. As the superintendent goes, so goes the district. Single biggest obstacle in education- leadership ability to lead change! Leadership Matters!
21 st CENTURY ISSUES Research on attitudes towards high schools
Alliance for Excellent Education A Presentation of Survey Research on the Publics Views on Public High Schools ( results)
Views Toward High School For the first time high schools top peoples concerns
Now I am going to ask you some questions about different types of public schools. For each one please consider everything you know or have heard about public education and tell me how urgent you think it is to improve this kind of school. Heres the first one ___ __(read item). Is it extremely urgent, very urgent, somewhat urgent, a little urgent, or not at all urgent to improve ___item? The American public feels the most urgency to improve high schools, but they see room for improving all levels of education. Across demographic groups the public sees more urgency surrounding high schools.
The public thinks the percentage of students attending college, followed by drop- out rates and the percentage of students getting jobs are the best indicators of how well a public high school is doing. For each of the following please tell me how good an indicator it is of how well a public high school is doing. Using a scale of 0-5, where zero means it is not a very good indicator and 5 means it is the best indicator ? Mean
Defining the Problem Preparing for Jobs
Do you think a diploma from Americas public high schools prepares graduates to get a good-paying job?* Do you think a diploma from Americas public high schools prepares graduates to succeed in college?* *Split sampled questions Given the goals they see for high schools- preparing for jobs and college- Americans do not see high school living up to their goals. No demographic group thinks schools prepare graduates for jobs. More educated people also think schools do not prepare for college.
Solutions for Success Americans believe improving reading and writing is key
Now I am going to read you some pairs of statements. As I read each pair, tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement comes closer to your own views – even if neither is exactly right. *Split-sampled questions Improving reading comprehension and writing is not the most important factor to increasing the graduation rate Improving reading comprehension and writing is the most important factor to increasing the graduation rate By increasing and overwhelming margins, Americans believe that improving reading and writing is the most important factor to increasing the graduation rate. All demographic groups side with this statement
When you think about students who do not do well in high school, do you think by the time they get to high school it is too late to turn them around and help them succeed or do you think students can still get the help they need to succeed? Americans are not ready to give up on our high school students and they strongly feel that poorly-performing students can still get the help they need to succeed, rather than thinking it is too late. There is little difference across racial groups
Now I am going to read you some strategies that some people believe are the building blocks to help every high school student to succeed at college or in life. For each item please tell me how willing you would be to pay more in taxes to make that item happen – extremely willing, very willing, somewhat willing, a little willing, or not at all willing? When asked which of several factors they would be most willing to pay more in taxes for, they pick these top priorities.
Impact of high drop-out rate on nations economy* Impact of high drop-out rate on Americas ability to compete in the global economy* The public sees the high drop-out rate as having an impact on the nations economy and ability to compete in the global economy. SSA: What impact does a high drop out rate have on the nation s economy, does it have a lot of impact on the economy, somewhat, a little, not at all or will it make no difference on the economy? SSB: What impact does a high drop out rate have on America s ability to compete in the global economy, does it have a lot of impact on global competition, somewhat, a little, not at all or will it make no difference on America s ability to compete globally? *Split sampled question 91% 92%
21 st CENTURY ISSUES The ability (or inability) of schools to embrace change
Ready or Not... The World is Different Work is different... Tools are different... Communication is different... Information is different... Kids are different... Learning is different … Teaching must be different... And Leading must be different!
Expectations have changed 20 th Century21st Century 1 – 2 Jobs10 – 15 Jobs Flexibility And Adaptability Life Long Learners Mastery of One Field Subject Matter Mastery # of Jobs Job Requirements Teaching Model
Who would you hire? Someone who could · master a core subject Someone who could: · master a core subject · effectively communicate · effectively collaborate · be a self-directed learner · be creative · be information/media literate · be a critical thinker · be a problem solver · be accountable and adaptable · be socially responsible
2007 How do educators move forward- 21 st Century skills? DATA-DRIVEN DECISION-MAKING + SYSTEMS THINKING!!
CHARACTERISTICS: MODEL SCHOOLS Laser-like focus on data- assist classroom teachers Use of teacher knowledge Wide variety of data collected Only essential data collected ALL LEADING TO……………………………
THE DRIVING FACTOR: DATA In school after school, the key for all data is in making appropriate instructional decisions……………and to inform students, parents and others on an ongoing basis!
KEY ISSUES- USING DATA #1 Issue- Data rich, analysis poor WHY- THE EPIDEMIC OF IMMEDIACY IN US Questions; ** Do we sometimes confuse achievement and learning? ** Do we teach skills or develop skills?
KEY ISSUES (#1 cont); Do we really know what data is saying? Do we really understand the powers and limits of data? Do we make guesstimates based on data? Do we use data to sort and select or to guide continuous improvement?
KEY ISSUES (Cont); #2 Issue- Balancing Data Hard data- test scores, drop-out rates, ADM, etc. Soft data- case studies, student morale, and faculty attitudes
KEY ISSUES (#2 cont); In many cases, hard data is the total focus at the exclusion of soft data. This is often a short-term fix but a long-term mistake!!!!!
KEY ISSUES Issue #3- The Systems Factor
SYSTEMS THINKING Any system is designed to produce exactly what it produces!
To change performance we must change the SYSTEM, and this requires new approaches and a new way of THINKING and DOING
KEY ISSUES (#3 Cont); We often make decisions using data and dont factor in the systems perspective. Most common examples- Drop-outs, student achievement………………….
KEY ISSUES (#3 Cont) Student Achievement Data- Do you know if data really means improvement, statistically? Do you know the trends over time and statistical significance? Does this data guide long-term planning?
KEY ISSUES Issue #5- Doing your best isnt good enough if you dont know what your doing. -- W. Edwards Deming
Higher performance at a later time period NCLB IS NOT BASED ON Traditional Improvement
A positive trend in performance from year to year NCLB IS BASED ON Continuous Improvement
Significant performance improvement of a systems indicator value over time THE KEY TO NCLB: Breakthrough Improvement
BREAKTHROUGH IMPROVEMENT Based on the use of Statistical Process Control: BREAKTHROUGH PERFORMANCE
Performance Over Time UCL LCL
CONCLUDING COMMENTS Good data should result in two actions: classroom action and public action 1) Classroom action- appropriate action school practitioners take after reviewing data that is relevant and meaningful - modify instructional practices
CONCLUDING COMMENTS 2) Public Action- social consequences that occur after the public reviews the data regarding the school
21 ST Century Issue; Good is the enemy of GREAT. We dont have GREAT schools, principally because we have good schools.
21 ST Century Issue; Good is the enemy of GREAT. High Schools; Athletics Other Extra-curricular activities Cultural impact of high schools
Partnership for 21 st Century Skills 1.Core Subjects * Global Awareness * Financial, Economic and Business literacy * Civic Literacy 3 Key Elements- 21 st Learning;
Partnership for 21 st Century Skills 2.Learning Skills * Communication skills * Thinking and Problem-Solving skills * Interpersonal/Self-directional skills * ICT literacy 3 Key Elements- 21 st Learning;
Partnership for 21 st Century Skills 3. Assessments * Measure mastery of 21 st cent. skills * Diagnose interventions * Demonstrate proficiency- multiple ways w/ multiple assessments using technology 3 Key Elements- 21 st Learning;
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When the rate of change on the outside exceeds the rate of change on the inside, the end is in sight. -- Jack Welch, CEO General Electric
The very thing that frightens us today, the change curve, the phenomenal rate of change is an ally. Its not a change curve, its a possibility curve. The times of most change always hold the most possibility. DeWitt Jones
REMEMBER PERSPECTIVE!! 1. We have the best K12 system in the world! -- skill levels -- rate of innovation -- taking risks -- self-confidence 2.With learning and sharing, we can be so much better!!! - Katty Kay, CCSSO Leg Conference
REMEMBER PERSPECTIVE The more I travel, the more I find that most heated debates in many countries are around education. And heres what is really funny- every country thinks its behind. - Tom Friedman, 3/25/06 International Herald- Tribune
REMEMBER PERSPECTIVE Tony Blair- Innovative charter schools Singapore- obsessed with math scores US- K12 math/science Japan/India/China/- liberal arts concerns - Tom Friedman, 3/25/06 International Herald- Tribune
THE FUTURE?? My guess is that we are at the start of a global convergence in education. China and India….inspire more creativity. America…more rigorous in math and science.. A great win- win. - Tom Friedman, 3/25/06 International Herald- Tribune
THE FUTURE?? Its a win-win. But some will win more than others- and it will be those who get this balance right the fastest. - Tom Friedman, 3/25/06 International Herald- Tribune
THE SECRET The genius of Americas success is that the US is a rich country with many attributes of a scrappy, developing society- open, flexible, adventurous and hard working!! - Newsweek (6/12/06)
WHAT WE MUST DO….. We cannot compete in some areas (cheap labor), but what we can do is take the best features of the American system- openness, innovation, and flexibility- and enhance them to respond to new challenges. - Newsweek (6/12/06)
WHAT WE MUST DO….. Embrace (and lead) change. A future of slow, steady decline or a willingness to embrace change and move forward? That is the question…. -Newsweek (6/12/06)
WHAT WE MUST DO….. Transforming the high school is like herding elephants with a toothbrush. -NC educator -Newsweek (6/12/06)
WHAT WE MUST DO….. Transforming the high school is like herding elephants with a toothbrush. -NC educator -Newsweek (6/12/06)
WHAT WE MUST DO….. Look beyond political labels- real engagement of government, business and educators- only way to get transformational change. -Newsweek (6/12/06)
WHAT WE MUST DO….. Finally- Be Scared!!! We must not underestimate how fast the rest of the world is catching up!! -Newsweek (6/12/06)