Presentation on theme: "Circulation Research August 17, 2012 Journal Club Direct and Indirect Involvement of MicroRNA-499 in Clinical and Experimental Cardiomyopathy Scot J. Matkovich,"— Presentation transcript:
Circulation Research August 17, 2012 Journal Club Direct and Indirect Involvement of MicroRNA-499 in Clinical and Experimental Cardiomyopathy Scot J. Matkovich, Yuanxin Hu, William H. Eschenbacher, Lisa E. Dorn, and Gerald W. Dorn II Circ Res. 2012;111: PDF (with Online Supplement): Related Editorial by Da Costa Martins & De Windt [PDF]: Targeting MicroRNA Targets Included in the Journal Club pack: Abstract, Novelty & Significance section, and all figures.
Abstract Rationale: MicroRNA-499 and other members of the myomiR family regulate myosin isoforms in pressure-overload hypertrophy. miR-499 expression varies in human disease, but results of mouse cardiac miR-499 overexpression are inconsistent, either protecting against ischemic damage or aggravating cardiomyopathy after pressure overload. Likewise, there is disagreement over direct and indirect cardiac mRNAs targeted in vivo by miR-499. Objective: To define the associations between regulated miR-499 level in clinical and experimental heart disease and modulation of its predicted mRNA targets and to determine the consequences of increased cardiac miR-499 on direct mRNA targeting, indirect mRNA modulation, and on myocardial protein content and posttranslational modification. Methods and Results: miR-499 levels were increased in failing and hypertrophied human hearts and associated with decreased levels of predicted target mRNAs. Likewise, miR-499 is increased in Gq- mediated murine cardiomyopathy. Forced cardiomyocyte expression of miR-499 at levels comparable to human cardiomyopathy induced progressive murine heart failure and exacerbated cardiac remodeling after pressure overloading. Genome-wide RNA-induced silencing complex and RNA sequencing identified 67 direct, and numerous indirect, cardiac mRNA targets, including Akt and MAPKs. Myocardial proteomics identified alterations in protein phosphorylation linked to the miR-499 cardiomyopathy phenotype, including of heat shock protein 90 and protein serine/threonine phosphatase 1-α. Conclusions: miR-499 is increased in human and murine cardiac hypertrophy and cardiomyopathy, is sufficient to cause murine heart failure, and accelerates maladaptation to pressure overloading. The deleterious effects of miR-499 reflect the cumulative consequences of direct and indirect mRNA regulation, modulation of cardiac kinase and phosphatase pathways, and higher-order effects on posttranslational modification of myocardial proteins. Direct and Indirect Involvement of MicroRNA-499 in Clinical and Experimental Cardiomyopathy
Novelty and Significance What Is Known? MicroRNAs (miRs) suppress their target mRNAs by recruiting them to RNA-induced silencing complexes, inhibiting translation and/or causing mRNA degradation. miR-499 is regulated in human heart disease. Studies to date have been divided on whether miR-499 is beneficial or detrimental to cardiac function and have also disagreed on which mRNAs are targeted by miR-499. What New Information Does This Article Contribute? miR-499 is upregulated in failing and hypertrophied human hearts and in a genetic model of murine cardiomyopathy. Cardiac overexpression of miR-499 in multiple lines of mice induced cardiomyopathy and worsened the response to pressure overload. Direct and indirect targets of miR-499 were defined using transcriptome-wide RISC and RNA sequencing, together with proteomic studies which revealed regulation of protein phosphorylation in miR-499 cardiomyopathy. In the present study, we demonstrate that miR-499 is upregulated in human heart failure and in the Gαq model of murine cardiomyopathy. Its overexpression in the murine heart at levels similar to those in human heart failure was sufficient to induce cardiomyopathy in multiple transgenic lines and exacerbated the response to pressure overload. To determine the in vivo targets of miR-499, we performed rigorous, transcriptome-wide, and quantitative RISC and RNA sequencing on miR-499 transgenic hearts. Although miR-499 is a member of the myomiR family that derive from and ultimately regulate cardiac myosins, no myosin isoforms were recruited to the RISC. Rather, through direct targeting of 67 mRNAs and indirect regulation of another 1000, miR-499 exerts complex effects on the cardiac transcriptome, particularly targeting kinases and phosphatases. Myocardial proteomics revealed alteration in the levels of a myriad of proteins, several of which were identified with mass spectrometry or reference to proteomic maps. Of particular note, considering the effect of miR-499 on members of phosphorylation cascades, were altered HSP90β and PP1α phosphorylation. Overall, we have shown that excess miR-499 is detrimental to the heart and that upregulation of even a single miR has far-reaching consequences on the myocardial transcriptome, proteome, and its posttranslational modification.