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chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013.

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Presentation on theme: "chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013."— Presentation transcript:

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2 chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons.

3 Confused and Misused Words and Phrases Dude, the right word is affect, with an a. Dude, the right word is affect, with an a. No, youre wrong. The word should be effect, with an e. No, youre wrong. The word should be effect, with an e.e.

4 This presentation advices you on words or phrases that are commonly misused or confused. This presentation advices you on words or phrases that are commonly misused or confused. Dude, thats advises, with an s, not a c. Dude, thats advises, with an s,s, not a c.c.

5 On an objective test, an item evaluating the skill might look like this...

6 Sample Item My friends ate at Titos Taco Palace, so theyre hoping that their lunch stays down, for their are rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. A.their B.theyre C.there D.No change is necessary. My friends ate at Titos Taco Palace, so theyre A hoping that their lunch stays down, for their are B C B C rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. A.their B.theyre C.there D.No change is necessary. My friends ate at Titos Taco Palace, so theyre A hoping that their lunch stays down, for there are B C B C rumors that health inspectors cited the filthy kitchen. A.their B.theyre C.there D.No change is necessary. Is the word confused or misused at A, B, or C ? Is the word confused or misused at A,A, B, or C?C? At C, you need there, the expletive, or placeholder, form. At C, you need there, the expletive, or placeholder, form.

7 Recognize misspelled/correctly spelled words and phrases. Alright All right Alot A lot Rite Right, write Should of Should have Suppose to Supposed to X X X X X Spelled correctly! Spelled correctly! Spelled wrong! Spelled wrong!

8 Recognize the distinctions among related words. 3 or more; Among my friends Among Among Between Between 2 only; 2 only; Between Fred and me Noncount; Amount of butter Amount Amount Number Number Count; Number of cookies Adjective; A good essay Good Good Well Well Adverb; He writes well. Evident, unambiguous Explicit Explicit Implicit Implicit Implied, ambiguous Know these differences ! Know these differences !

9 Know the difference that a single new letter can make. Before a word beginning with a consonant [sound] A A An An Before a word beginning with a vowel [sound] Before Already Already All ready All ready Completely prepared A thought or conception Idea Idea Ideal Ideal The concept of something perfect To suffer the deprivation of Lose Lose Loose Loose Free from restraint Verb; past tense of are Were Were Where Where A place More to learn! More to learn!

10 Know the difference that an apostrophe can make. Possessive pronoun; belonging to it Its Its Contraction for it is or it has Possessive pronoun; belonging to whom Whose Whose Whos Whos Contraction for who is or who has Possessive pronoun; belonging to you Your Your Youre Youre Contraction for you are Possessive pronouns never contain an apostrophe. Possessive pronouns never contain an apostrophe. Contractions do contain an apostrophe. Contractions do contain an apostrophe.

11 Know the difference a change to a single letter can make. Noun form Advice Advice Advise Advise Verb form Usually a verb Affect Affect Effect Effect Usually a noun City, wealth, important Capital Capital Capitol Capitol The building for lawmaking To quote Cite Cite Site Site A location Rough Coarse Coarse Course Course Path, route Praise Compliment Compliment Complement Complement Goes well with Put in place Set Set Sit Sit Be seated Unchanging Stationary Stationary Stationery Stationery Paper Indicates comparison Than Than Then Then Next Why is English so complicated ? Why is English so complicated ?

12 Dont let these homonyms [sound alike words] confuse you. Agree to or receive Accept Accept Except Except Leave out Plural present of the verb be Are Are Our Our Possessive pronoun; belonging to us Past tense of pass Passed Passed Past Past Gone, by Go before Precede Precede Proceed Proceed Carry on Chief [person], main Principal Principal Principle Principle Truth or rule Correct, a just claim, a direction Right Right Write Write Make letters with an instrument Sight, touch, hearing, smell, taste Sense Sense Since Since Adverb, conjunction, or preposition View, glimpse Sight Sight Site Site A location Past tense of throw Threw Threw Through Through Beyond State of the atmosphere Weather Weather Whether Whether Introduces an alternative

13 My brain is getting full! My brain is getting full! Relax, dude, were almost there! Relax, dude, were almost there!

14 To, Too, Two Use to as a preposition. Jonathan drove to the seafood shop. Use to to begin an infinitive. He hoped to buy fresh squid. Use too to show degree. The squid was too expensive to purchase. Use too as a synonym for also. So too was the fresh octopus. Use two when you mean the number. Jonathan bought two flounder filets instead.

15 There, Their, Theyre Use there as an expletive, a placeholder to delay the subject. There is a turtle in the road. Use there to indicate place. Across the road is a lake. The turtle hopes to get there before a car hits him. Use their as a possessive pronoun. Most drivers dont see the turtle; their eyes are glued to their cell phones. Use theyre as a contraction for they are. Theyre also distracted by other devices, like the radio and navigation system.

16 At many objective exams, you cannot use a dictionary! X

17 When in doubt, rely on gut feelings. Your eyes have seen in print and your brain has registered all of the possible words that you will encounter for this skill. If you dont recognize the right answer, go with the one that feels right. Hey, Ive seen that word before! Hey, Ive seen that word before!

18 Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow, choose the option that corrects an error in the underlined portion(s). If no error exists, choose No change is necessary. Your turn! Your turn! Lets see what you can do! Lets see what you can do!

19 Item 1 Even though we warned Jake not to eat a hole pie at one sitting, he sat at the kitchen table and proceeded to consume slice after slice. A.whole B.set C.preceded D.No change is necessary. Even though we warned Jake not to eat a hole A pie at one sitting, he sat at the kitchen table and B proceeded to consume slice after slice. C A.whole B.set C.preceded D.No change is necessary. Even though we warned Jake not to eat a whole A pie at one sitting, he sat at the kitchen table and B proceeded to consume slice after slice. C A.whole B.set C.preceded D.No change is necessary.

20 Item 2 Give Jerrod a compliment because his shoe laces complement the colors in his plaid shirt. His fashion since is gradually improving. A.complement B.compliment C.sense D.No change is necessary. Give Jerrod a compliment because his shoe A laces complement the colors in his plaid shirt. B His fashion since is gradually improving. C A.complement B.compliment C.sense D.No change is necessary. Give Jerrod a compliment because his shoe A laces complement the colors in his plaid shirt. B His fashion sense is gradually improving. C A.complement B.compliment C.sense D.No change is necessary.

21 Item 3 If you go by the supermarket, buy a package of hotdog buns. Than we can grill the sausage for dinner. A.buy B.by C.Then D.No change is necessary. If you go by the supermarket, buy a package of A B A B hotdog buns. Than we can grill the sausage for Cdinner. A.buy B.by C.Then D.No change is necessary. If you go by the supermarket, buy a package of A B A B hotdog buns. Then we can grill the sausage for Cdinner. A.buy B.by C.Then D.No change is necessary.

22 Item 4 Heed my advice, and dont loose your receipt. The college bookstore will not accept any excuse if you need to return those books. A.advise B.lose C.except D.No change is necessary. Heed my advice, and dont loose your receipt. A B A B The college bookstore will not accept any excuse C if you need to return those books. A.advise B.lose C.except D.No change is necessary. Heed my advice, and dont lose your receipt. A B A B The college bookstore will not accept any excuse C if you need to return those books. A.advise B.lose C.except D.No change is necessary.

23 Item 5 The heard of gazelle leaped through the air as the animals tried to elude the cheetah. A.herd B.threw C.allude D.No change is necessary. The heard of gazelle leaped through the air as A B the animals tried to elude the cheetah. C A.herd B.threw C.allude D.No change is necessary. The herd of gazelle leaped through the air as A B the animals tried to elude the cheetah. C A.herd B.threw C.allude D.No change is necessary.

24 Item 6 Maybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or he maybe flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, dont accept any excuse for his tardiness. A.May be B.may be C.except D.No change is necessary. Maybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or he maybe A B A B flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, dont accept any excuse for his tardiness. C A.May be B.may be C.except D.No change is necessary. Maybe Gerald is caught in traffic, or he may be A B A B flirting with the cute cafeteria cashier. Either way, dont accept any excuse for his tardiness. C A.May be B.may be C.except D.No change is necessary.

25 Item 7 When there are fewer students in a class, the professor has less worries that everyone is getting individual attention. A.their B.less C.fewer D.No change is necessary. When there are fewer students in a class, the A B A B professor has less worries that everyone is C getting individual attention. A.their B.less C.fewer D.No change is necessary. When there are fewer students in a class, the A B A B professor has fewer worries that everyone is C getting individual attention. A.their B.less C.fewer D.No change is necessary.

26 Item 8 We were successful baking 300 cupcakes for the charity event, but today were exhausted after spending all night preparing the desserts. A.were B.were C.deserts D.No change is necessary. We were successful baking 300 cupcakes for A the charity event, but today were exhausted after B spending all night preparing the desserts. C A.were B.were C.deserts D.No change is necessary. We were successful baking 300 cupcakes for A the charity event, but today were exhausted after B spending all night preparing the desserts. C A.were B.were C.deserts D.No change is necessary.

27 Item 9 Gregory passed his chemistry final, so now he wont loose his scholarship. As he walked past the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.past B.lose C.passed D.No change is necessary. Gregory passed his chemistry final, so now he A wont loose his scholarship. As he walked past B C B C the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.past B.lose C.passed D.No change is necessary. Gregory passed his chemistry final, so now he A wont lose his scholarship. As he walked past B C B C the diner, he rewarded himself with a milkshake. A.past B.lose C.passed D.No change is necessary.

28 Item 10 Mr. Ramos hopes to except the bid on the house. He has agreed to all of the buyers conditions except retiling the master bathroom since it would be too much work. A.accept B.accept C.sense D.No change is necessary. Mr. Ramos hopes to except the bid on the house. A He has agreed to all of the buyers conditions except retiling the master bathroom since it B C would be too much work. A.accept B.accept C.sense D.No change is necessary. Mr. Ramos hopes to accept the bid on the house. A He has agreed to all of the buyers conditions except retiling the master bathroom since it B C would be too much work. A.accept B.accept C.sense D.No change is necessary.

29 chomp! Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on commonly confused words. Go to chompchomp.com ! Grammar Bytes! provides additional handouts and exercises on commonly confused words. Go to chompchomp.com !

30 The End. Watch where youre going, fool ! Watch where youre going, fool !


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