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chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013.

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Presentation on theme: "chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013."— Presentation transcript:

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2 chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons.

3 Appropriate Words or Expressions in Context Astonished ? Astounded ? Bewildered ? Confounded ? Dazed ? Dazzled ? Astonished ? Astounded ? Bewildered ? Confounded ? Dazed ? Dazzled ? Whats the right word? Whats the right word?

4 This presentation will help you distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate words or expressions for the given context. This presentation will help you distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate words or expressions for the given context.

5 On an objective test, an item evaluating the skill might look like this...

6 Sample Item When Lawrence stuck French fries up his nose, we shouted, Yuck! We were __________ by his behavior. A.unfazed B.dazzled C.repulsed When Lawrence stuck French fries up his nose, we shouted, Yuck! We were __________ by his behavior. A.unfazed B.dazzled C.repulsed Is unfazed, dazzled, or repulsed the best word to fill the blank? Is unfazed, dazzled, or repulsed the best word to fill the blank? Repulsed, which means disgusted or sickened, is the right choice. Repulsed, which means disgusted or sickened, is the right choice.

7 I just dont get whats wrong with snot on French fries ! I just dont get whats wrong with snot on French fries !

8 What if I dont know any of words that are options? What if I dont know any of words that are options? Dont panic ! Try to determine the right word by looking for clues about meaning ! Dont panic ! Try to determine the right word by looking for clues about meaning !

9 Clue 1: Look for a definition. Sharilyn suffers from cynophobia, or the fear of dogs, so she wont be interested in adopting a puppy. Cynophobia ! Thats such a big word ! How am I supposed to know what it means ? Cynophobia ! Thats such a big word ! How am I supposed to know what it means ? Look at the sentence! The author has defined it for you! It means the fear of dogs. Look at the sentence! The author has defined it for you! It means the fear of dogs. Look for commas, parentheses, or dashes that encapsulate (or set off ) the definition. Look for commas, parentheses, or dashes that encapsulate (or set off ) the definition. Sharilyn suffers from cynophobia, or the fear of dogs, so she wont be interested in adopting a puppy.

10 Clue 2: Look for examples. My dog Jack is obdurate; for example, he wont get off the couch when I ask or come when hes called. Obdurate ! Thats another big word ! I dont know what it means ! Obdurate ! Thats another big word ! I dont know what it means ! Look at the sentence! The author gives examples ! You can conclude that Jack is stubborn, a synonym for obdurate. Look at the sentence! The author gives examples ! You can conclude that Jack is stubborn, a synonym for obdurate. Look for phrases like to illustrate, for instance, or such as that provide examples that define the word you dont know. Look for phrases like to illustrate, for instance, or such as that provide examples that define the word you dont know. My dog Jack is obdurate; for example, he wont get off the couch when I ask or come when hes called.

11 Clue 3: Look for contrast. Jill was sick with the flu, so when we explained the salubrious properties of chocolate-broccoli muffins, she ate one. Salubrious ! Ive never heard of it! How am I supposed to know if its the right word or not ? Salubrious ! Ive never heard of it! How am I supposed to know if its the right word or not ? Look at the sentence! If shes sick, she wants to get well, so salubrious must mean health-giving ! Look at the sentence! If shes sick, she wants to get well, so salubrious must mean health-giving ! Look for an antonym a word that means the opposite to help figure out the meaning of the word you dont know. Look for an antonym a word that means the opposite to help figure out the meaning of the word you dont know. Jill was sick with the flu, so when we explained the salubrious properties of chocolate-broccoli muffins, she ate one.

12 Clue 4: Infer the meaning. Everyone calls that boy Sparky. Only his mother refuses to use the sobriquet, shouting, Cornelius! when dinner is ready. Sobriquet ! Who uses that word ! I dont know what it means ! Sobriquet ! Who uses that word ! I dont know what it means ! Guess, or infer, the meaning! Mothers like to call their children by their real names. Guess, or infer, the meaning! Mothers like to call their children by their real names. Sparky must be a nickname, which is what a sobriquet is! Sparky must be a nickname, which is what a sobriquet is! Everyone calls that boy Sparky. Only his mother refuses to use the sobriquet, shouting, Cornelius! when dinner is ready.

13 At many objective exams, you cannot use a dictionary! X

14 When in doubt, rely on gut feelings. Your eyes have seen in print and your brain has registered all of the possible words that you will encounter for this skill. If you dont know the meaning of any of the words, go with the one that feels right. Hey, Ive seen that word before! Hey, Ive seen that word before!

15 Quick Test Directions: In the items that follow, choose the most effective word or phrase within the context suggested by the sentence(s). Your turn! Your turn! Lets see what you can do! Lets see what you can do!

16 Item 1 After an exhausting all-nighter to finish Professor Clarks research paper, we found his dull lecture the next morning __________. A.uplifting B.excruciating C.inspiring After an exhausting all-nighter to finish Professor Clarks research paper, we found his dull lecture the next morning __________. A.uplifting B.excruciating C.inspiring

17 Item 2 After Betsys last purchase of a lemonand the dealerships unwillingness to repair problems that she thought the warranty coveredBetsy __________ the contract for her new car before she signed it. A.scrutinized B.skimmed C.glanced at After Betsys last purchase of a lemonand the dealerships unwillingness to repair problems that she thought the warranty coveredBetsy __________ the contract for her new car before she signed it. A.scrutinized B.skimmed C.glanced at

18 Item 3 Walter winced as he tasted the sauce, shook his head, and sighed. His __________ for Lorettas cooking was obvious. A.horror B.excitement C.disdain Walter winced as he tasted the sauce, shook his head, and sighed. His __________ for Lorettas cooking was obvious. A.horror B.excitement C.disdain

19 Item 4 The students wished Professor Davis gave __________ directions for essays. Instead, the assignment sheets are pages long and chocked full of requirements. A.complicated B.wide C.succinct The students wished Professor Davis gave __________ directions for essays. Instead, the assignment sheets are pages long and chocked full of requirements. A.complicated B.wide C.succinct

20 Item 5 Sara was filled with __________, for she had emailed Professor Carson to explain that she was too ill to attend class but then ran into him at the Student Center, a tennis racquet in her hand. A.trepidation B.mirth C.brevity Sara was filled with __________, for she had emailed Professor Carson to explain that she was too ill to attend class but then ran into him at the Student Center, a tennis racquet in her hand. A.trepidation B.mirth C.brevity

21 Item 6 Simon had to __________ his cell phone after it rang for the third time in class. A.relinquish B.amputate C.postpone Simon had to __________ his cell phone after it rang for the third time in class. A.relinquish B.amputate C.postpone

22 Item 7 Rogers car holds four people comfortably, but he stuffed nine classmates into the little vehicle. Larissa had difficulty __________ herself from the backseat when they arrived at her house. A.modifying B.hovering C.extricating Rogers car holds four people comfortably, but he stuffed nine classmates into the little vehicle. Larissa had difficulty __________ herself from the backseat when they arrived at her house. A.modifying B.hovering C.extricating

23 Item 8 Winston read his essay with a ruler, scrutinizing each line for errors. When he finished, he read it again just as carefully. We found his behavior __________, but teachers loved his control of grammar. A.punitive B.redundant C.lackadaisical Winston read his essay with a ruler, scrutinizing each line for errors. When he finished, he read it again just as carefully. We found his behavior __________, but teachers loved his control of grammar. A.punitive B.redundant C.lackadaisical

24 Item 9 Larry dyed his hair blue and green and painted his face and torso in the same school colors. In addition, he wore flippers on his feet and hands. When his girlfriend Maria saw his game-day preparations, she gasped and declared them __________. A.subdued B.ostentatious C.pedestrian Larry dyed his hair blue and green and painted his face and torso in the same school colors. In addition, he wore flippers on his feet and hands. When his girlfriend Maria saw his game-day preparations, she gasped and declared them __________. A.subdued B.ostentatious C.pedestrian

25 Item 10 We followed the guide down the stairs to the floor below the lobby. Then we toured the __________ storerooms where the museum kept priceless treasures not on display. A.subterranean B.lofty C.incapacitated We followed the guide down the stairs to the floor below the lobby. Then we toured the __________ storerooms where the museum kept priceless treasures not on display. A.subterranean B.lofty C.incapacitated

26 Or the End. After the denouement


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