DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES FOR PRESCHOOLERS n Learning and Discovering n Magical Thinking and Creativity n Want to have Control over their world n NOS
EMOTIONAL ISSUES THAT MAY ARISE FOR PRESCHOOLERS n Emotions are not well-regulated n Communication skills are still developing. n May develop fears around blood sugar checks, insulin injections site changes.
PARENTS AND PRESCHOOLERS n Not allowing diabetes-specific tasks to become the primary source of attention n Balancing Normative Experiences and Safety n Unique challenges of finding babysitting, specialized services and supports
DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES FOR SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN n Time Away From Parent Supervision n Expanding Known World n Recognizing Differences Among Peers n Issues of Fairness
EMOTIONAL ISSUES FOR SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN n Roots of Self-Esteem Begin to Grow n Pitfalls of Blame and Shame n Miscarried Helping May Begin n Peer teasing may begin
PARENTS AND SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN n Separating Normative Independence Goals From The Non-Normative Task of Managing Diabetes n Promoting family discussions and family problem-solving n Clarifying who is responsible for: Monitoring suppliesMonitoring supplies Watching the clockWatching the clock Checking blood sugarsChecking blood sugars Carbohydrate countingCarbohydrate counting Taking insulinTaking insulin
DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES FOR ADOLESCENTS n Wanting to be the same as peers n Increased problem-solving and abstract thinking skills n Ability to understand goals of treatment regimen n Frustration that adherence doesnt always lead to improved outcomes, and poor adherence doesnt always lead to worse outcomes. n Desire for increased independence and responsibility
DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES FOR ADOLESCENTS n Increasing independence often results in decreasing supervision. n Schedules are more erratic than younger peers. n Puberty may play a role in diabetes outcomes. n Experimenting in Sex, Drugs, Alcohol. n Sense of invulnerability in this age group.
DEVELOPMENTAL ISSUES FOR ADOLESCENTS n Understand Sarcasm. n Understand – keenly aware of – Hypocrisy n Sometimes will not pay attention to the risks or consequences of what they do
Time-Lapse Imaging Tracks Brain Maturation from ages 5 to year NIH fMRI study 4-21 y.o. participants Brain continues to Change until mid 20s
EMOTIONAL ISSUES FOR TEENAGERS n Pubertal changes n Managing moods n Miscarried helping may lead to increased conflict
PARENTS AND TEENAGERS n Diabetes is a family disease n Avoiding a blame/shame cycle n Balancing nagging with monitoring n Promoting family discussions and family problem-solving
PARENTS AND TEENAGERS n Separating normal responsibilities from diabetes-specific responsibilities n Encouraging success in normal tasks n As with younger children, clarifying who is responsible for: Monitoring suppliesMonitoring supplies Watching the clockWatching the clock Carbohydrate countingCarbohydrate counting Insulin administrationInsulin administration Blood sugar checkingBlood sugar checking
Interdependence is Key n No one is truly independent. n The hallmark of being an adult is knowing when you need help, and asking for it. n Normalize feelings of burn-out and plan for them. This is not a failure. Schedule times when responsibility is turned back to parents and then back to teen.Schedule times when responsibility is turned back to parents and then back to teen.
SURVIVAL ADVICE n Self- Care is NOT EASY n Lapses are NOT a sign of failure Life can get in the wayLife can get in the way Lapses going on strike theres no point to trying.Lapses going on strike theres no point to trying. Dont skip appointmentsDont skip appointments n Set goals that are achievable. n Everyone works/learns at a different pace.
SURVIVAL ADVICE n Sharing Responsibility Avoid Excessive Self-Care AutonomyAvoid Excessive Self-Care Autonomy Facilitate InterdependenceFacilitate Interdependence Separate Knowledge from Judgment and MaturitySeparate Knowledge from Judgment and Maturity Avoid Vicious Cycle of Miscarried HelpingAvoid Vicious Cycle of Miscarried Helping