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John Leyland BA, DOHS, DipAdEd, CUSA, CRSP CSSE Burlington Oct 1, 2009 Measuring Safety Performance With Leading Indicators.

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Presentation on theme: "John Leyland BA, DOHS, DipAdEd, CUSA, CRSP CSSE Burlington Oct 1, 2009 Measuring Safety Performance With Leading Indicators."— Presentation transcript:

1 John Leyland BA, DOHS, DipAdEd, CUSA, CRSP CSSE Burlington Oct 1, 2009 Measuring Safety Performance With Leading Indicators

2 Presentation Business case Examples you can use Generate some discussion Why this is important

3 Financial Business Case Leading indicators measure effort to: Reduce Risk Reduce Injury Reduce Cost Increase Profit

4 Financial Business Case Cost in dollars Direct costs$10,000 Indirect costs$40,000 Total costs$50,000 Cost in Lost Opportunity Sales to offset costs $625,000 (cost ÷ profit margin (8%) = gross sales required to offset costs) Reporting costs doesnt change the future Managing safety performance does

5 Due Diligence Business Case Managing safety performance shows that Company actively manages safety through: Leadership Program assessment and improvement Training Safety management system is working through: External / internal auditing There is an active internal responsibility system

6 Performance Business Case All well managed programs: Set expectations for performance Establish goals to achieve performance Measure performance Evaluate results Assess ongoing needs Build new goals to continually improvement Safety performance indicators accomplish the above

7 Leading Indicator Principles Measure against standards - program / procedure Objective measurement verifiable by auditors Surveys backed up by external audit Corporate plan includes safety performance goals Performance Reported to: Management, JHSC and staff Board of Directors Part of performance pay Safety Management System nits it all together

8 Checks and Balances External audits Interviews reinforce internal performance data Document review corroborate evidence Internal audits JHSC Labour / management team Transparency of performance activities e.g. inspections

9 Building Blocks for Excellence Active Commitment from Board of Directors CEO / executives All levels of management and workers Union Build capacity for continuous improvement H&S resources Safety management system Team approach Celebrate performance achievements Measuring what matters most

10 Measure What Matters Most What matters most ? Preventing injuries by reducing risks What should we measure ? Risk reduction activities Leading indicators - Safety performance

11 Advantages of Team Approach Teams include people beyond JHSC Developmental opportunity for team members Assessment & Auditing skills Develop policy / procedure Planning skills Communication and presentation skills Team building skills Breaks down workplace barriers Builds sense of community within volunteers Builds commitment to safety and pride of place Strengthens IRS (internal responsibility system)

12 Safety Management System Policy - commitment Act on commitment with safety performance goals Safety performance in strategic plan Identify and rank risks Programs, procedures & forms to manage risk Training to develop knowledge, skill and ability Clear communications Evaluation of performance Report outcomes & re-evaluate needs Celebrate success Reset goals

13 Formalized SMS 18001 / CSA Z1000 Plan, Do, Check and Act Integrated system pulling together variety of impacts on safety and health Overlays policies, procedures and forms onto leading indicator strategy Reinforces measuring safety performance.

14 Building Performance Excellence Benchmark your starting point Determine performance to be measured Establish time frame for measurement Measure progress Broad based benchmarks Safety management system audit Safety culture Legal Compliance Establish a plan based on needs Active leadership Team based programs

15 SMS Audit as Safety Performance Benchmark safety management system (SMS) Improvement plan based on results Benchmark key audit elements Incident investigation Department meetings Inspections / work observations Established key policies and procedures for above Involved JHSC and management in policy development – co- operative approach Measured safety performance on programs

16 External Audit Outcomes

17 Audit Progression Highlights 1995 – 1998 Department meetings Workplace inspections Incident reporting Causes provided Recommendations made Actions taken Benchmarks established Training provided Performance reports provided Basic programs and performance measures established

18 Team Approach Multi departmental Union - management Worked on program; forms; policy; training Wellness team Job planning team Equipment team Audit Progression Highlights 1998 – 2001 Team Approach Added

19 Internal Audit Team Leading indicators on corporate agenda Part of performance pay Celebrating success of teams and performance Culture being developed Audit Progression Highlights 2001 – 2004 Move to New Plateau

20 Safety Performance Scoring Balanced Safety Performance Scoring System Active Leadership20% Performance Expectations30% Training & Application of Skills20% Program Improvement20% Lagging Indicators 10% Total Score 100% Build into performance pay (from E&USA)

21 Active Leadership InspectionsExpectation 4 Executives 16 6 Directors 24 Department Safety MeetingsExpectation 4 Executives 16 6 Directors 35 Total expected 91 % Score based on actual / expected e.g. 89/91 = 98% with weighting of 10% for overall score = 9.8%

22 Performance Expectations Work observations by management staff Entered into software Reported by supervisor, manager and department Departmental safety meetings (manager responsibility) Incident investigations Causes and Recommendations provided Follow-up corrections made Inspection and safety meeting follow-up actions % completed vs. expected (from software reports) Wellness activities staff involved in activities; health fair participation

23 Incident Includes lost time, medical aid, first aid, motor vehicle, property damage, near miss contractors

24 Scoring Example for 10 Incidents Opportunity to provide and complete: 10 causes (+) + 10 recommendations to improve (+) + 10 follow-up actions completed (+) = 30 information items expected If there are 25 information items – Score 25/30 = 83% Weighting of 10% = 8.3%

25 Program Improvement External Audit Internal Audit Wellness survey Safety culture / climate survey Policy / procedure developed Approved & signed Implementation plans with specific goals Approved & signed

26 Score Program Improvements Done vs. Not Done = % score Audits / Assessments completed on time Policy and procedure completed and signed % improvement score Pitfall – changes in audit criteria, scoring system & auditor are out of your control Audit implementation plan % of specific items completed as per approved plan

27 Training and Application of Skills Training assessment (score done vs. not done) Evaluate impact of training (% of target) KSAs used on the job? e.g. appropriate eye safety understood after training (compliance needs management of work) Specific training needs (target % completed) Driver training PPE Ergonomic

28 Lagging Indicators Frequency Rate # LT × 200,000 ÷ hours worked = frequency rate Severity Rate # days lost × 200,000 ÷ hours worked = severity rate Vehicle Incident Rate # of MV incidents × 1,000,000 ÷ km driven = MV rate

29 Safety Performance Scoring Balanced Safety Performance Scoring System Actual Possible Active Leadership1820% Performance Expectations3030% Training & Application of Skill1720% Program Improvement1820% Lagging Indicators 5 10% 88% 100% Single balanced safety performance score = 88%

30 Value of Leading Indicators A number of successes built into score Audit team results Training team activities Special project teams Wellness team Celebrate team efforts – build pride into safety Builds culture around safety improvement Team members build skills and knowledge Recognition for safety performance & improvement Build community of staff involved in safety Track performance over time - valuable lessons Lower emphasis on zero injuries

31 Leading - Lagging Data 1995 - 2008

32 Sustaining Performance Emphasis on tangible performance measures Celebrating team and organizational performance Build on successes Build a healthy workplace Sustain efforts over long term Historical improvement shows return on investment in safety Recognition for teams and individual members Real rewards for real safety advances

33 Why Do this ? Deaths in Ontario (average 308 / year)

34 Safety Performance Excellence Adequate resources Measure safety performance with leading indicators Active & visible commitment of management Team approach to building safety Multi-departmental Union / worker involvement Celebrate success of teams Grass root leaders

35 Contact Information

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