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1 Patient Safety: New Trends and Strategies for Implementation Canadian College of Health Service Executives March 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Patient Safety: New Trends and Strategies for Implementation Canadian College of Health Service Executives March 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Patient Safety: New Trends and Strategies for Implementation Canadian College of Health Service Executives March 2006

2 2 Speakers Donna Towers, CHE Capital Health (Alberta) John King, CHE St. Michaels Hospital, Toronto Anne McGuire, CHE IWK Health Centre, Halifax

3 3 Outline Canadian College of Health Service Executives Collaboration to date on the common patient safety agenda The executives role in patient safety Practical examples Capital Health (Alberta) St. Michaels Hospital IWK Health Centre

4 4 Canadian College of Health Service Executives (CCHSE) A professional association with 3,000 members across all sectors of health services.

5 5 CCHSE Vision and Mission Vision To be the professional association of choice for Canadas health leaders Mission To develop, promote, advance and recognize excellence in health leadership

6 6 CCHSE Strategic Directions Position the College as a must belong to organization, responsive to its members Raise the profile of health leaders and their contribution to public policy, the health system, and the health of Canadians Raise the stature of the College so that it is recognized as a resource and source of solutions in addressing health leadership issues

7 7 CCHSE Strategic Directions Position the College as responsive to all health leaders, regardless of their professional background Promote evidence-based practices for health leaders across the public, corporate, voluntary and university sectors

8 8 Canadian Patient Safety Institute (CPSI) Announced in December 2003 Located in Edmonton Mandate: to provide leadership and coordinate the work to build a culture of patient safety and quality improvement throughout the Canadian health system

9 9 Collaboration and Cross Representation CCHSE is a voting member of CPSI CPSI is a corporate member of CCHSE

10 10 Colleges Role in Patient Safety Developed a position paper for members (2004) which states that responsibilities and accountabilities for patient safety need to be delineated in governance, management and clinical processes Advocate effectively communicating improvements in patient safety Internally Externally

11 11 CCHSA

12 12 Health Executives Role in Patient Safety Culture Accountability Measures High Reliability/Redesign Communication and Teamwork Professional Development

13 13 Culture Critical role for leaders is to drive cultural change by demonstrating commitment to safety through: Clearly communicating patient safety goals Supporting resources and tools required to achieve success Visible commitment to openly share information Driving patient safety education at every level and at every opportunity

14 14 Culture of Safety: Accreditation Canadian Council on Health Services Accreditation (CCHSA) Quality and patient safety are important components of CCHSA standards Major focus areas for accreditation

15 15 CCHSA Patient Safety Goals Create a culture of safety within the organization Improve the effectiveness and coordination of communication among service providers and with the recipients across the continuum Ensure the safe use of high risk medications Create a work life and physical environment that supports the safe delivery of care/service Reduce the risk of health service organization- acquired infections, and their impact across the continuum of care/service

16 16 Accountability Organizations must clearly define accountabilities for patient safety Capital Health (Alberta): patient safety accountability resides with VP Medical and VP/CLO Report bimonthly to the board on quality and patient safety issues Regional Quality Council with representation from all sites and sectors – advisory to Executive Committee

17 17 Measures Develop reporting policies within a quality improvement framework across the organization that promote learning Executives role is to ensure appropriate reporting and monitoring mechanisms are in place

18 18 High Reliability/Redesign Based on learnings from the aviation industry and the nuclear industry Reliability principles: simplification standardization relation of humans to the work environment (Resar & Leonard, 2004)

19 19 High Reliability/Redesign: KCl Appropriate monitoring from other countries resulted in Capital Health (Alberta) taking early action in the area of potassium chloride (KCl) purchase and storage on patient units to minimize the risk of potential error of incorrect potassium chloride administration In 2002 moved to purchase dialysate for CRRT based on environmental scanning

20 20 must be informed participants understand that human error is inevitable underlying systemic factors including ongoing system change contribute to most near misses, adverse events and critical incidents Communication and Teamwork Health care personnel, patients and all others within the system:

21 21 Communication and Teamwork Communication and team-building to improve teamwork including across sites/sectors Safer hand-offs and transitions Openness in communication with staff, key stakeholders, patients and the general public Sharing and dissemination of lessons learned about improving patient safety throughout the continuum of care

22 22 Communication and Teamwork Communications threaded into all areas Transparent/open communication is essential for a culture of quality and patient safety Behaviour change is a key indicator of effective communications

23 23 Professional Development Maintenance of professional competency is an important aspect of ensuring patient safety CCHSE Certified Health Executive CCHSE role To continue professional development and networking in the area of patient safety and its associated techniques and theory

24 24 Translation of National Level to the Organizational Level Challenge for health executives is to take what is being developed at the national level and operationalize patient safety within their organizations

25 25 St. Michaels Hospital Safety Program and Plan Mr. John King, CHE Executive Vice President

26 26 St. Michaels Approach Strategic commitment to adopt a leadership role in the implementation of patient safety initiatives (Reaching New Heights 2004) White paper on Patient Safety (2004) Patient Safety Plan (2005) Corporate Objective for 2006/2007

27 27 SMH Safety Plan is based on the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and Canadian Council on Health Services Accreditation Goals Strategies are in place under five IOM Principles: –Leadership –Respect Human Limits in Process Design –Effective Team Functioning –Anticipate the Unexpected –A Learning Environment

28 28 Leadership Clear organizational leadership and professional support, including involvement of governing boards, management, and clinical leadership –Strategic direction (2004) –EVP sponsors for all strategic safety initiatives –Safety policy –Quarterly safety reports to senior management and Board of Directors –Accountability for all staff defined (MAC, professional practice, performance appraisals for all staff)

29 29 Respect Human Limits in Process Design Job design with attention to human factors [1] [1] Current projects selected that affect work (individuals) safety include: –Patient safety audits (ERM Framework) –Clinical documentation, order entry, scheduling (Gemini) –Pharmacy medication packaging and distribution technology –Supply chain redesign in cath lab, OR and laboratory [1] Haberstroh, Charles H. Organization, Design Systems Analysis, in Handbook of Organizations, J. J. March, ed. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1965. [1]

30 30 Effective Team Functioning Team training for safety –Team Safety Education Plan –Interdisciplinary collaborative practice model (Gemini) –Critical care and perioperative services safety strategy –Patient safety education (OHAs Your Healthcare. Be Involved)

31 31 Anticipate the Unexpected Continuous examination of processes of care to identify safety problems: –Failure mode analysis for selected new technologies – collaborative work involving ORNT and simulation center (e.g. IV pumps) –Sharps Exposure Control Program –Patient Falls Prevention Program –Wound Care Program –Patient Lifts and Transfers Program –OHA Safety Group (WSIB Workplace Safety Program)

32 32 A Learning Environment Communication, education and support for learning: –Electronic Event Tracking System and Root Cause Analysis Database –Communication of Adverse Event Policy –Quality of Care Committee under QCIPA

33 33 Positioning Patient Safety on the Strategic Agenda Anne McGuire, CHE President & CEO IWK Health Centre

34 34 Getting a Handle on Patient Safety Medication and non-medication occurrence reporting (including near miss) Committees with patient safety component: Patient Care Committee Drugs and Therapeutics Committee Childrens Mortality Committee Perinatal Peer Review Committee Nursing Professional Practice Committee Infection Control Committee Professional Practice Committee Medical Advisory Committee

35 35 Getting a Handle on Patient Safety MOM committees: Multidisciplinary patient safety teams Initiative underway for 5 years (currently 29 teams) Profile of the MOM committees has increased significantly Mortality review Morbidity review Occurrence review Sentinel event review Root cause analysis Report through teams and programs to the Centre- wide Morbidity (Patient Safety) Committee

36 36 A Lot is Happening – No Strategic Focus! Combination of centralized and decentralized supports No representation at the senior executive table Patient safety language not used to describe patient safety activities No single person or department leading and coordinating all activities Not on the radar at the Board level 10 Step Program

37 37 Step One Organizational leader responsible for quality resources and decision support services (patient safety) to report directly to the CEO

38 38 Step Two Included quality/patient safety leadership on the executive team –October 2005 Director, Quality Resources and Decision Support Services became a member of the senior management team

39 39 Step Three As part of the senior management team reorganization, quality and patient safety was positioned as one of three communities of practice to be lead by the Director

40 40 Step Four Centralized all supports and programming related to patient safety under the Centralized Quality Division –All Quality Improvement Coordinators –Infection prevention and control

41 41 Step Five Reorganization of the Quality Division with three new management positions: –Manager, Quality –Manager, Patient Safety –Manager, Risk and Legal Services –Manager, Decision Support Services (existing)

42 42 Step Six Patient safety positioned at the Board level –International patient safety expertise –Updates on patient safety initiatives included in CEO Report to the Board –Patient safety strategic focus

43 43 Step Seven Patient safety identified as one of the five organizational strategic themes: –Improving the health of the population –Becoming a workplace of choice –Wise investment and efficient management of resources – sustainability –Advancing (not creating) a culture of patient safety (recognizing the work already underway) –Leading in learning, discovery and innovation

44 44 More About the Patient Safety Strategic Theme Goal 1: Create a climate for patient safety by ensuring that structures and processes that permit spread of best practices are consistently in place Goal 2: Apply best practice initiatives where they are proven and appropriate to increase patient safety

45 45 More About the Patient Safety Strategic Theme Goal 3: Develop an environment which supports and enhances a patient safety culture Goal 4: Live patient safety as a strategic priority –One of the measures of success for Goal 4:Patient safety issues are an important component of Board and Senior Management meeting agendas

46 46 Step Eight Positioning patient safety on the senior executive agenda – Real life IWK cases presented to SMT –Progress of patient safety initiatives reviewed: Safer Healthcare Now! CAPHC Patient Safety Collaborative Pediatric Trigger Tool – CAPHC – replication of the Baker Norton study CPSI research participation: culture survey, indicators Discussion of new initiatives: patient safety leadership walkabouts, MORE OB, SBAR

47 47 Step Nine Communicated patient safety initiatives: –PULSE (IWK intranet) –Leadership Forums –Town Halls –IWK website (patient safety component under development) –Etc…

48 48 Step Ten Link strategies with provincial, regional and national strategies: –Halifax Patient Safety Symposiums –Provincial Healthcare Safety Working Group –Patient Safety Advisory Group – CDHA –Safer Healthcare Now! Steering Committee –National Patient Safety Collaborative – CAPHC –National Medbuy linkage with IHI –CCHSA patient safety standards

49 49 In conclusion, health service executives have enhanced roles and responsibilities in patient safety that include: Culture Accountability Measures High Reliability/Redesign Communication and Teamwork Professional Development

50 50 Conclusion The safety of patients within the health care system depends on all levels working together toward the common goal of patient safety.

51 51 Questions?

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