Presentation on theme: "Copyright 2005 1 12.77 seconds for 100m (28 kph)."— Presentation transcript:
Copyright 2005 1 12.77 seconds for 100m (28 kph)
Copyright 2005 2 Above-The-Knee Amputee Earle Connor CA 12.77 seconds for 100m (28 kph) From: http://www.paralympic.ca/english/athens2004/Athletes/CONNOR_EARLE.asp
Copyright 2005 3 Above-The-Knee Amputee Earle Connor CA 12.77 seconds for 100m (28 kph) A Physical Exo-Prosthesis From: http://www.paralympic.ca/english/athens2004/Athletes/CONNOR_EARLE.asp
Copyright 2005 4 21.97 seconds for 200m (32.5kph)
Copyright 2005 5 21.97 seconds for 200m (32.5kph) Improvements needed 2005-08: 5% for the QF 6.5% for the SF 10% for the Gold
Copyright 2005 6 Double Below-The-Knee Amputee Oscar Pistorius ZA 21.97 seconds for 200m (32.5kph) A Physical Exo-Orthosis From: IEEE Spectrum, June 2005, p. 13 http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/WEBONLY/resource/jun05/0605nspo.html
Copyright 2005 7 PHYSICAL PROSTHESES To recover lost functionality External Prostheses Spectacles,... Renal dialysis machines, iron lungs,... Exo-Prostheses Contact lenses, Hearing-aids, … Artificial Limbs,... Endo-Prostheses Shoulders, hips, knees, stents,...
Copyright 2005 9 Above-the-Elbow Amputee Peter Eberle AU The nerves at the top of the arm tell the muscles to contract. … The muscle emits myo-electrical impulses that are detected by the arms [battery-operated] CPU, which tells the motor in the hand to move From: Keen gardener gets dynamic lifter The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 July 2005
Copyright 2005 10 Above-the-Elbow Amputee Peter Eberle AU The nerves at the top of the arm tell the muscles to contract. … The muscle emits myo-electrical impulses that are detected by the arms [battery-operated] CPU, which tells the motor in the hand to move An Intelligent Physical Exo- Prosthesis (Otto Bock Ltd & GmbH) From: Keen gardener gets dynamic lifter The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 July 2005
Copyright 2005 11 Stelarcs Performance Art From: http://www.stelarc.va.com.au/cards/copernicus.jpg
Copyright 2005 12 Steve Manns Wearcam, Sousveillance, etc. From: http://wearcam.org/
Copyright 2005 13 Steve Manns Wearcam, Sousveillance, etc. From: http://wearcam.org/ A Neurological Exo-Prosthesis
Copyright 2005 14 The Boston Retinal Implant Project Surviving retinal cells are [to be] electrically stimulated to pass signals to the brain that it interprets as sight From: http://www.bostonretinalimplant.org/project/prosthesis.xml
Copyright 2005 15 Electrical pulses are generated in the patient's ear which generate the impression of sound. 22 electrodes replace tens of thousands of hair cells From: http://www.BionicEar.org/ An Intelligent Physical Prosthesis
Copyright 2005 16 Electrical pulses are generated in the patient's ear which generate the impression of sound. 22 electrodes replace tens of thousands of hair cells From: http://www.BionicEar.org/ An Intelligent Physical Prosthesis A Neurological Endo-Prosthesis
Copyright 2005 17 Kevin chip-in-arm Warwick From: http://www.kevinwarwick.com/
Copyright 2005 18 NEUROLOGICAL PROSTHESES and ORTHOSES External Virtual Reality, Haptics,... Exo- Steve Manns visual/sousveillance,... Endo- Neurologically-controlled arificial limbs, Cochlear implants, Chip implants,...
Copyright 2005 19 Cyborgism and Robotics Robot – from art to engineering Coined by Karel Çapek 1918, 1921 for mass-produced men /serfs (R.U.R. – Rossum's Universal Robots) Robotics coined by Asimov in 1942, for the engineering of computation-effector artefacts Robotic Engineering from the 1950s Cyborg – from engineering to art Clynes & Kline 1960 – extra-terrestrial environments demand an enhanced human being Advanced Artificial Limbs (AALs) are Robots So People with AALs are robot-hybrids, now
Copyright 2005 20 DIGITAL or VIRTUAL PROSTHESES and ORTHOSES Agent-Principal Communications Stock-Price Movement alerts Arbitrage-Opportunity alerts Asset-Security alerts (house, car,...) Virtual Reality Visualisation in 3D Haptics (touch-feedback) Avatars Gaming Conferencing
Copyright 2005 21 The Enhanced Persona – Opportunities The Digital Persona (1994 Vintage) a model of an individual's public personality based on data and maintained by transactions and intended for use as a proxy for the individual Avatars – project Appearance distant in Space and/or Time Agents – enable Action distant in Space and/or Time These are elements of Projected Persona They create new opportunities for individuals
Copyright 2005 22 The Enhanced Persona – Threats Avatars and Agents create opportunities for exploitation by Organisations as well, e.g. Surveillance Bots, watching People Control Bots, acting on People Scope also exists for a Persona to be imposed or manipulated, e.g. Evidence Falsification Evidence Planting
Copyright 2005 23 Biological Prostheses and Orthoses Surgical Procedures Joint Repairs (Knee, Hip) Laser Eye Surgery Elbow Enhancements, for baseball pitchers Gene Therapy / Intervention, e.g. for Cystic Fibrosis... Genetic Selectivity / Eugenics, e.g. Foetus-Screening (for termination) Embryo-Screening (for IVF) Germinal Choice Technology (for feature selection)
Copyright 2005 24 Mental / Computational Prostheses and Othoses? Computationally-Derived Intelligence / AI (complex algorithms), largely failed...... on to Biologically-Inspired Computing (simpler, genetic rules), leading to... Artificial Life (lifelike behaviour of digital artefacts)
Copyright 2005 26 Speculative Extensions New Sensors Stelarcs muscles stimulated by external forces such as local internet traffic Magnetic and Electrical fields Gravity Telepathy, …... New Effectors Induction Telepathy, Telekinesis, …...
Copyright 2005 28 Likely Development Paths Research Sponsorship by: Sports Industries The Aging Rich The Aerospace-Military Complex, now the Homeland Security Gravy-Train Early Applications to: Sport Individual Wellbeing and Survival Security (whose?)
Copyright 2005 29 Some Impacts Social Control by Nation-States, Corporations: Surveillance and Control Robots, Cyborgs Persona-Imposition Orthosis-Imposition (e.g. chip-insertion) Power-Balance among Near-Human Entities Entity Rights Existential Notions: Human-ness and Humanity Individuality
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