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Chapter 25 Electromagnetic Induction. Voltage will be induced in a wire loop when a magnetic field within that loop a.changes. b.aligns with the electric.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 25 Electromagnetic Induction. Voltage will be induced in a wire loop when a magnetic field within that loop a.changes. b.aligns with the electric."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 25 Electromagnetic Induction

2 Voltage will be induced in a wire loop when a magnetic field within that loop a.changes. b.aligns with the electric field. c.is at right angles to the electric field. d.converts to magnetic energy.

3 Voltage will be induced in a wire loop when a magnetic field within that loop a.changes. b.aligns with the electric field. c.is at right angles to the electric field. d.converts to magnetic energy.

4 When you thrust a bar magnet to and fro into a coil of wire, you induce a.direct current. b.alternating current. c.neither dc nor ac. d.alternating voltage only, not current.

5 When you thrust a bar magnet to and fro into a coil of wire, you induce a.direct current. b.alternating current. c.neither dc nor ac. d.alternating voltage only, not current. Explanation: Indeed alternating voltage is induced, which produces alternating current, so we can say that current as well as voltage is induced in a metal coil. Hence b is correct.

6 When a magnet is moved into a wire coil, an induced current in the coil produces a magnetic field that a.resists motion of the magnet. b.attracts the magnet. c.has negligible effect on the magnet. d.interferes with the electric field.

7 When a magnet is moved into a wire coil, an induced current in the coil produces a magnetic field that a.resists motion of the magnet. b.attracts the magnet. c.has negligible effect on the magnet. d.interferes with the electric field. Comment: This is shown in Figure 25.4.

8 Faradays law is the law a.of energy conservation. b.of charge conservation. c.of electromagnetic induction. d.that connects voltage and resistance to magnetic fields.

9 Faradays law is the law a.of energy conservation. b.of charge conservation. c.of electromagnetic induction. d.that connects voltage and resistance to magnetic fields. Comment: Answer a has merit, but answer c is central. Answer d is gibberish.

10 The underlying physics of an electric motor is that a.electric and magnetic fields repel each other. b.a current-carrying wire experiences force in a magnetic field. c.like magnetic poles repel each other. d.ac voltage is induced by a changing magnetic field.

11 The underlying physics of an electric motor is that a.electric and magnetic fields repel each other. b.a current-carrying wire experiences force in a magnetic field. c.like magnetic poles repel each other. d.ac voltage is induced by a changing magnetic field. Comment: Answer c is indirect, but answer b is more direct.

12 The essential physics concept in an electric generator is a.Coulombs law. b.Ohms law. c.Faradays law. d.Newtons second law.

13 The essential physics concept in an electric generator is a.Coulombs law. b.Ohms law. c.Faradays law. d.Newtons second law.

14 Within both a conventional ammeter and voltmeter you will find a a.diode. b.capacitor. c.galvanometer. d.tiny motor.

15 Within both a conventional ammeter and voltmeter you will find a a.diode. b.capacitor. c.galvanometer. d.tiny motor.

16 Both a motor and a generator operate via a.similar concepts. b.quite different concepts. c.idealized transformers. d.independent energy sources.

17 Both a motor and a generator operate via a.similar concepts. b.quite different concepts. c.idealized transformers. d.independent energy sources.

18 The major difference between a motor and generator is a.input and output. b.direction of windings of coils. c.that one uses ac, and the other dc. d.primarily cosmetic.

19 The major difference between a motor and generator is a.input and output. b.direction of windings of coils. c.that one uses ac, and the other dc. d.primarily cosmetic. Explanation: The main difference between a motor and a generator is the roles of input and output, which is opposite for each.

20 When a generator is used to light a lamp, the energy of the lit lamp originates in the a.coils of wire in the generator. b.magnet inside the generator. c.lamp itself. d.work done to turn the coils in the generator.

21 When a generator is used to light a lamp, the energy of the lit lamp originates in the a.coils of wire in the generator. b.magnet inside the generator. c.lamp itself. d.work done to turn the coils in the generator.

22 The purpose of a transformer is to transform a.and create energy. b.power at one voltage to the same power at another voltage. c.current from one place to another. d.voltage to useful applications.

23 The purpose of a transformer is to transform a.and create energy. b.power at one voltage to the same power at another voltage. c.current from one place to another. d.voltage to useful applications. Explanation: Answers c or d are not the best choices, as is b, the more direct answer. If you answered a, OUCH! … no device creates energy!

24 A transformer works by way of a.Coulombs law. b.Ohms law. c.Faradays law. d.Newtons second law.

25 A transformer works by way of a.Coulombs law. b.Ohms law. c.Faradays law. d.Newtons second law.

26 A step-up transformer in an electrical circuit can step up a.voltage. b.energy. c.Both of these. d.None of these.

27 A step-up transformer in an electrical circuit can step up a.voltage. b.energy. c.Both of these. d.None of these. Explanation: Stepping up energy is a big no-no in energy conservation!

28 A step-down transformer has a greater number of coils on the a.input side. b.output side. c.side with lower power. d.None of the above.

29 A step-down transformer has a greater number of coils on the a.input side. b.output side. c.side with lower power. d.None of the above. Comment: The fewer number of coils on the output side steps voltage down.

30 The workings of a transformer are consistent mainly with a.Newtons second law. b.Coulombs law. c.the conservation of momentum. d.the conservation of energy.

31 The workings of a transformer are consistent mainly with a.Newtons second law. b.Coulombs law. c.the conservation of momentum. d.the conservation of energy.

32 To minimize heat losses for power transported across the countryside, it is best that current in the wires is a.low. b.high. c.not too low and not too high. d.replaced with voltage.

33 To minimize heat losses for power transported across the countryside, it is best that current in the wires is a.low. b.high. c.not too low and not too high. d.replaced with voltage. Comment: High amperage produces large heat losses. So power at low current (and correspondingly high voltage) means less heat loss.

34 Lighting a lamp via electromagnetic induction a.bypasses the need of work input. b.requires work input. c.may or may not require work input depending on efficiency. d.produces a low-heat lamp.

35 Lighting a lamp via electromagnetic induction a.bypasses the need of work input. b.requires work input. c.may or may not require work input depending on efficiency. d.produces a low-heat lamp. Comment: Never forget an important fundamental of physics: Work is necessary to transform energy, whether the means of doing so is electromagnetic induction or otherwise.

36 A changing electric field can induce a changing a.current loop. b.voltage. c.resonance that produces radio. d.magnetic field.

37 A changing electric field can induce a changing a.current loop. b.voltage. c.resonance that produces radio. d.magnetic field. Comment: This was Maxwells generalization of electromagnetic induction.

38 If you change the magnetic field in a closed loop of wire, you induce in the loop a a.current. b.voltage. c.electric field. d.All of these.

39 If you change the magnetic field in a closed loop of wire, you induce in the loop a a.current. b.voltage. c.electric field. d.All of these. Explanation: Recall how Maxwell generalized Faradays law to include induction of an electric field.

40 The fact that electric and magnetic fields regenerate each other is important in a.burglar alarms. b.radio broadcasting. c.metal detectors. d.All of these.

41 The fact that electric and magnetic fields regenerate each other is important in a.burglar alarms. b.radio broadcasting. c.metal detectors. d.All of these. Explanation: A general answer would be electromagnetic waves, of which only radio broadcasting qualifies.


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