2DefinitionDigital Storytelling takes the ancient art of oral storytelling and engages a palette of technical tools to weave personal tales using images, graphics, music and sound mixed together with the author's own story voice.Digitales
3Agenda Digital Storytelling Software and Equipment Resources DefinitionExamplesSteps to StorytellingSoftware and EquipmentUsing cameras, scanners, microphones and softwareResourcesTell Your Story
4Objectives Acquire information on using digital storytelling Understanding the necessary components of a digital storytelling lesson that promote the effective use of technology in the classroomExamining a variety of successful teacher and student examplesExploring how to appeal to diverse learning stylesInformation on using digital storytelling to promote higher level thinking and address varying learning styles
5Digital Storytelling is the modern expression of the ancient art of storytelling. Digital stories derive their power by weaving images, music, narrative and voice together, thereby giving deep dimension and vivid color to characters, situations, experiences, and insights. Tell your story now digitally. - Leslie Rule, Center for Digital Storytelling
7No Story to Tell? Overload The Editor Most of us carry a little voice, the editor, that tells us what we have to say is not entertaining enough or substantial enough to be heard.
8Finding Your Story Small idea Find photos Set up a tape recorder Develop a storyboardStory, not journalistic or technicalDon’t over polish
9Types of Personal Stories Someone ImportantCharacterMemorialLife EventAdventureAccomplishmentA PlaceDraw MapWhat I DoRecoveryLoveDiscoveryUp until this century 90% of people were born, lived and died within a ten mile radius of their homes.
11Why Digital Storytelling? Well-suited for student explorationAccessible to all ages and abilitiesCombines imagination with the power of listening and speaking to create artistic images
12Why Digital Storytelling? As a learning tool, encourages students to explore their unique expressivenessHeightens ability to communicate thoughts and feelings in an articulate, lucid mannerSupports reading, writing, and oral expression instructional goals
13How Digital Storytelling Helps Writing? Narrows the focusWord ChoiceIn the pieceIn the digital storyText structureAudienceVoiceEmotional appealThe messageHow we write is a search for meaningRevision is criticalOrganization
147 Elements of a Digital Story Point of View/PurposeDramatic QuestionEmotional ContentThe Gift of VoiceThe Power Of SoundtrackEconomyPacingCoaching a storyteller through the conception of a story is a dynamic process, not a prescribed one.There are no formulas here.The 7 elements are simply elements of constructing a multimedia story. This is not a linear process.
15Point of View Purpose/Reason Why are you telling this story? Why are you telling this story for this group of people (audience)Hardly anyone narrates events in their lives without some good reason for it.Every part of the story should relate to your purpose for telling it.Who is your audience?You, as the author, need to figure out what you intend the viewer to “get.” What message are you trying to convey? In other words, what is the theme?
16Dramatic Question Conflict Question Desire Closure with a twist How are you going to engage your audience and keep attention?In a romance, will girl get guy?In an adventure, will the hero reach the goal?In a crime story, who did it?When the question is answered, the story is over.It’s these questions that create tension in the story.A good story has a “hook” that will hold the attention of the audience until the story is over.
17Emotional Content Reveal a truth no else knows Convey a truth about you no one believesEngage the audience to make them want to listenWhy should the listener care about this?This is a shift for many of us and many of our students – those of us who have been coached to distance ourselves and keep to de-emotionalized perspectives.It is hard though to cast aside years of non-personal writing experiences and embrace creating something of a personal nature.But a story that deals with the fundamental emotional paradigms – of death and our sense of loss, of love and loneliness, of confidence and vulnerability, of acceptance and rejection – will increase the likelihood that you’re going to hold an audience’s attention.
18The Gift of Voice The personality on paper comes alive The art of true storytellingDo not underestimate the power of voice of stills.So get over not liking the sound of your own voice – it’s a powerful piece of your story.Challenge – reading vs. reciting a script. Keep the script simple, relax, and work on a conversational tone. Let your students go in another room?The way you use your voice can impact the story you tell.Tone of Voice: Slow, Fast, Loud, SoftThe tone of the storyteller’s voice provides the drama and sets the mood, while engaging the reader. It draws the reader into the plot development through the use of story elements.Caution: You don’t want your final project to sound like you are reading your paper. Practice!
19Power of the Soundtrack Music stirs up an emotional responseMusic sets the mood.The goal is to match the music to the story.Instrumental music works bestThe focus should be the narration and the music should support and enhance the storytelling.Use copyright-free music if possibleSearch for “free” music.Your students will have an intuitive sense of what sound tracks work well – they are the children of MTV.Watch out for the lyrical songs, which may conflict with the message of the voiceover. Instrumental music may work better.Copyright issues – original music may be an option. Check for free useCreative Commons - andGive handout on copyright issues.
20Economy Succinct and to the point Images should display a tone, feeling, and communicate beyond what you are sayingIn spoken work or written narrative, we’re operating at a high rate of closure as we are filling in all the pictures suggested by a text or words from images and memories in our brains…Example (Once upon a midnight dreary…)With digital storytelling the images generally exist prior to a script, as in a family album.But there’s no right way: script vs. images first. Just don’t linger too long with either. The trick is to let the reader fill in some of the missing pieces.Use the least amount of images required to tell the story. Too many images tend to confuse the audience.Your selection of pictures and drawings should illustrate the theme without becoming a distraction.Example: Ken Burns effect. How long do you want to look at a person talking? Better to take a quick glance; then go to images that fill in enhance the person’s story.You only have 1 written page and 3 total minutes for the movie…what do you want to say and show:Are you going to bombard with visuals?Are you going to use images to help or convey meaning you can’t say in words?
21Pacing Rhythm of the story Punctuation White space to allow listener to listen or reflect and internalizeBe aware of flow (quick, slow, quiet, etc)Every storyteller has his/her own pace. The story itself may dictate the pace:Fast paced can suggest urgency, action, exasperation, excitementConversely,Slow-paced suggest contemplation, romanticism, relaxation, or simple pleasures.Pace might change – e.g., race to the hospital, birth of child, the miracle of it all.Changing the pace of the story can be very effective. The narrative can have pauses, the music can change tempo, and the images can be set to enter at different rates of speed.Changing pace allows the audience to concentrate, think, and maintain interest.
22Websites Digitales Center for Digital Storytelling Educational Uses of Digital StorytellingA Collection of Sites
23Online Resources for Digital Storytelling Pictures/VideosPublic DomainAmerican MemoryNASA/Hubble TelescopeLibrary of Congress Learning PageNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Photo LibraryWikipedia (many of the photos and graphics at Wikipedia are in the public domain)PD PhotoEducational Fair UseFreeFoto.com
24Online Resources for Digital Storytelling Image SearchDitto.com (not all public domain)SoundEducational Fair UseFreePlay MusicAmerican Rhetoric (famous speeches)Free Kids Music.comSoundzaboundVideo KitsKitzuSchoolHouse Video Kits
25CopyrightStudents and educators must follow copyright laws when creating digital stories.The "fair use" standards of the U.S. copyright laws allow the use of copyrighted material for certain educational purposes.Cite your sources to give credit to the creators of materialFor more information
28Getting Started Define the purpose of the project. Align projects goals and objectives with local curriculum and tech standards.Create a storyboard mapping out the flow of content.Collect and store media (images, music, etc.) in a centralized location.
29Development Compose and edit ideas and dialogs in a word processor. Edit media to better adapt to the storyboard.Import media into the multimedia tool.Arrange the media to follow the storyboard.Transfer digital content by copying and pasting headings and narrations.Record necessary narrations.
30Sample Process Fayette County Schools Digital Story Samples Prewriting DraftDividingStoryboardStoryboard with PicturesRevised – Final Narration for Story
31Customization Customize slides with transitions and special effects. Wrap-up project by making final revisions.
32Culmination Students demonstrate each digital story Teacher evaluate each digital story through the use of rubrics and/or checklists.Publish digital stories via the LAN, WAN and/or Web.