Presentation on theme: "Weather Coder III: Fast Dissemination of Manual Observations"— Presentation transcript:
1Weather Coder III: Fast Dissemination of Manual Observations Kelly Redmond*, Greg McCurdy*, Grant Kelly*,Michael Brewer#, Timothy* Western Regional Climate Center, DRI, Reno NV# NWS HQ Washington DC, @ NCDC, Asheville NC6th Annual Climate Prediction Applications Science WorkshopChapel Hill, North Carolina, 2008 March 3-7
2Weather Coder III Joint project and partnership between National Weather Service, NCDC, and NOAA Regional Climate CentersWeb based entry of NWS Cooperative Observer measurementsDirect and immediate input through NWS Gateway to national distribution systemModeled after NWS Weather Coder II, CoCoRAHS, Canadian COOLTAPPaperless electronic submission of daily COOP data to NCDC and climate communityAdministrative tools for use by Weather Forecast OfficesData into Applied Climate Information System (ACIS) for climate monitoringFailover to other RCCsFirst steps toward eventual paperless environmentAbility to print local copies of traditional B-91 observer formsWill integrate data from IV-ROCS telephone-based systemImmediate quality control to directly prevent many of the most common errors
3Weather Coder IIIDesigned to honor these basic principles:Provide efficient, easy-to-use data entry system for participating COOP observers,Ensure timely availability of COOP data for all customers,Improve data quality through automated near-real-time QA/QC,Achieve a paperless electronic data collection, transmission, and archiving system,Allow system flexibility to meet demands of integrating data from future observing systems.
27SRUS53 KLOTRR3LOTWxCoder.A CNNI C DH0800/DC /PPK 0.70/SFK 6.1/SDK 10.A1 : Total snow accumulation since snow began early morningyesterday is now at 10.4.A2 : inches as of 8::03am As of 8::03 am...snow is continuing tofall at a light to.A3 : moderate intensity. Streets are EXTREMELY bad! Side streetshere are very.A4 : dangerous. Many motorists are having poor control on the sidestreets. Of most.A5 : concern to me is many CPS kids are going to school and it isdifficult for them..A6 : Observing a CPS school on the northwest side some kids areslipping and falling.A7 : in this snow! People have to be careful. I did not understandwhy CPS did not.A8 : close today. Overall, the biggest storm this year and verydifficult with.A9 : driving and kids getting to school
28A concession to practicality. >099>SRUS51 KRLX>RR3RLX>WxCoder>.A CLWV E DH0700/XW 03/PPM 1.87/SD 0/SF 0.0/PP 0.00>.A1 TA 50/TN 32/TX 54/DC>.A2 : An early overnight minimum of 33 degrees at Clintwood 1 W gave way>to dramatic>.A3 : temperature rises as strong, downsloping winds displaced the>nocturnal cold air>.A4 : drainage temperature inversion amid the deep valleys. ROARing>southerly winds>.A5 : dominated the daylight hours, with enhanced speeds being observed>at ground>.A6 : level in some locations as partial clearing and sunshine leeward>of the High>.A7 : Knob massif contributed to turbulent mixing and the downward>transfer of high>.A8 : momentum air ( with possible mountain lee waves also acting to aid>downward>.A9 : transfer amid their axial troughs north of the High Knob>highcountry ).>.A10 : Structural wind damage occurred on the campus of the University>of Virginia's>.A11 : College in Wise, when the metal roof of Cantrell Hall was ripped>apart.>.A12 : Although peak gusts remained generally under 40 mph on the LNP>20-minute obs, a>.A13 : 51 mph gust was clocked at L.F. Addington Middle School in Wise>to suggest>.A14 : speeds were locally much stronger. The strong southerly winds>aided warming>.A15 : across much of Dickenson County, north of the Tennessee Valley>Divide, where the>.A16 : afternoon max soared to 66 degrees at Clintwood 1 W. Gusty>showers overspread>.A17 : the area from southwest to northeast during the late afternoon,>with light to>.A18 : moderate rains into the evening.Remarks:Only first 280 characters transmitted in the SHEF message, but whole message is retained in the archives.A concession to practicality.
29Typical. SHEF messages ####018000152#### SRUS53 KABR 022025 RR3ABR WxCoder.A SMTS C DH1700/TX 33/TN 22/TA 30/PP 0.00/SF 0.0.A1 SD 2/DC.A2 : strong winds, some drifting#### ####.A SMTS C DH1700/TX 41/TN 10/TA 35/PP 0.00/SF 0.0.A1 SD 1/DC.A2 : windy#### ####SRUS51 KRNKRR3RNK.A CHMV E DH0700/TX 56/TN 18/TA 42/PP 0.00/SF 0.0.A1 SD 0/XW 01/DC#### ####SRUS55 KBOURR3BOU.A ELIC M DH0600/TX 22/TN 12/TA 18/PP 0.11/PT 5.A1 SF 1.5/SD 3/XR 49/XRIRZX 87/XRIRZN 49/UD 285.A2 US 11/UG M/UP 43/UR 0/PA 29.88/DC.A3 : Max wind 43 mph at 0730#### ####SRUS53 KEAXRR3EAX.AR AMTM C DH0700/TX 64/TN 35/TA 55/PP 0.00/SF 0.0.AR1 SD 0/DCTypical. SHEF messages
30Site Administrator can track detailed station metadata.Protected site
351000’s Number of logins by hour Number of obs transmitted We Feb Th Feb Fr Feb Sa Mar Su Mar 02Last day of month Weekend
36Weather Coder III after its One Month “Luniversary” Mass switchover on 2008 February 1, all WFOs at once.Major source of RCC – NWS interaction nationwideNo major problems, many small-to-moderate issuesFeedback options are heavily usedMany helpful comments and suggestions thus far from the NWS field structureNeeds some babysitting, quasi-operational for RCC, runs 24 / 7 / 366As with all automated systems, human beings still have a significant roleFailover to HPRCC not fully functional yetAbout 3000 – 3500 observations per day now being transmitted
37Weather Coder III Thanks a lot !!! A successful startA number of improvements in the works … Observer and NWS feedbackCoop network getting more attention from NWS officesCan correct or modify observations from the recent past.Can fill data gaps for when permanent observer absent on travel, medical, etc.Extensible to other types of manual measurements as wellInstant Quality Control has helped to change observer habitsEstablished observers do not need to use, but are encouraged.New observers will be required to have the capability (web access).Thanks a lot !!!