4 4. Surface Area vs. VolumeAs a cell increases in size, volume increases faster than surface areaThis causes the ratio of surface area to volume to decrease.This is a serious problem for the cell and is why the cell cannot grow any larger than it does.
5 5. Cell division solves those problems Before a cell becomes too large, a growing cell replicates its DNA and then divides into two new “daughter” cells. This is called mitosis.