Presentation on theme: "Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry"— Presentation transcript:
1Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry Structure of this course:19 lectures, 6 problem sets, field trip, 2 labs, 1 quiz, 1 final examEach lecture is essentially an independent survey of a distinct field of geology or geochemistry, each of which can be studied in detail for a whole courseThe class begins with geology and ends with geochemistry, more or less.The course website is . It contains:syllabus (lecture, lab, problem set, reading, exam schedule)all lectures in powerpoint format and an index to the resulting notesproblem sets, link to online geochemistry text, etc.Two textbooks, one for geology and one for geochemistry. Please read if you find it useful!
2Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry Structure of this course:The labs are intended to give hands-on experience with the real tools that real geologists and geochemists use every day. We have tried to eliminate the old-fashioned teaching exercises that nobody really uses anymore!In the mineral identification lab you will use the research-grade modern analytical tools available in the GPS DivisionIn the GIS lab, you will experience the advent of digital geologyThe problem sets are meant to be interesting and creative, to look at real problems, and to show how mathematics and computers are essential tools of modern Earth science. It is important to budget the appropriate amount of time (neither more nor less) to the problem sets!
3Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry Goal of this course: to teach the essential foundations of Geology and Geochemistry that any Earth or Planetary scientist needs in order toPlace their own work in context (and, thereby, pass their oral exam)Understand where any Division Seminar speaker is coming fromKnow the vocabulary of geological discourse (in English)
4Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry What is the difference between Geology & Geochemistry?Geology is direct observation and interpretation of field relations to infer history and present state (e.g. hazards and resources) of the solid Earth and its regionsstructural geology, geomorphology, stratigraphy, paleontology, petrology, mineralogy, volcanology...Geochemistry is the application of principles of chemistry to understanding the Earth (solid, ocean, and atmosphere)Fundamental principles such as radioactive decay, conservation of elemental and isotopic mass, thermodynamics and kinetics bring rigor and certainty to geological interpretationLikewise, geophysics and geobiology bring the reductionist rigor of physics and biology to the interpretation of geological observation and inferenceThe other sciences are needed to limit the speculation of geologists to plausible ideas, but geology is the anchor of Earth science: it provides the problems to be solved, and the record of actual events.
5Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry Logic of the lecture sequence:Lectures 1-9 are GeologyUnifying themes: geologic time and plate tectonicsUse of observable, active processes and environments to interpret records of ancient processes and environmentsClassification of plate boundaries and interiors to organize knowledge by making each region an example of a classIgneous, metamorphic, sedimentary, surficial, structural, morphological, and stratigraphic approaches all use these two organizing principlesLecture 4 is a small exception; it uses chemical thermodynamics to explain the melting of rocks and the nature of minerals
6Ge 101: Introduction to Geology and Geochemistry Logic of the lecture sequence:Lectures are GeochemistryThe tools of nuclear, electronic, and physical chemistry are explained at a sufficient level to understandorigin and abundances of atoms; bulk composition of the Earth and its reservoirs; origin and evolution of these reservoirsQuantification of geologic time; fingerprinting material sources; history of climate and atmosphere/ocean circulations; constraints on theories of the Earth’s deep interior