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ROCK IDENTIFICATION Liz LaRosa 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "ROCK IDENTIFICATION Liz LaRosa 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 ROCK IDENTIFICATION Liz LaRosa 2009

2 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

3 Marble Metamorphic Non-Foliated Calcium Carbonate Metamorphism of Limestone

4 Image Source What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

5 Limestone Sedimentary Calcium Carbonate Forms in clear, warm, shallow marine waters Forms from the accumulation of shell, coral, algal and fecal debris

6 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

7 Granite Intrusive Igneous Rock Most are Felsic Coarse Grained, can see crystals Contains quartz and feldspar

8 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

9 Gneiss Metamorphic Foliated Feldspar

10 Image Source What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

11 Coal Organic Sedimentary Rock Formed from plant remains

12 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

13 Obsidian Extrusive Igneous Rock Very quick cooling molten rock (lava) Glassy No crystals formed

14 Image Source What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

15 Sandstone Sedimentary Rock Formed by the action of wind, water, and ice on older rock Quartz cemented by silica or lime Most form in shallow seas

16 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

17 Pumice Felsic Extrusive Igneous Rock Quick cooling molten rock (lava) No crystals formed Many holes formed - gasses released Floats on water

18 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

19 Scoria Mafic Extrusive Igneous Rock Forms as a frothy crust on the top of a lava flow or as material ejected from a volcanic vent and solidifying while airborne No crystals formed Many holes formed - gasses released

20 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

21 Basalt Mafic Extrusive Igneous Rock Formed from dark dense lava Pyroxene, plagioclase feldspar Fine grained

22 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

23 Slate Foliated Metamorphic Rock Metamorphism of Shale Breaks into thin slices

24 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

25 Hornfels Non-Foliated Metamorphic Rock Fine grained crystals Metamorphism of clays or shales

26 What type of rock is this? Where or how is it formed?

27 Conglomerate Sedimentary Rock Rounded pebbles ¼ inch or larger cemented together Formed near moving water Quartz, quartzite

28 Review Can you compare and contrast the following sets of rocks? Limestone and Marble Granite and Gneiss Obsidian and Coal Sandstone, Pumice, and Scoria Basalt, Hornfels, and Slate Conglomerate and all the other rocks


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