Presentation is loading. Please wait.

# Earthquakes Liz LaRosa 2009

## Presentation on theme: "Earthquakes Liz LaRosa 2009"— Presentation transcript:

Earthquakes Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2009
for my 5th grade science class 2009

What is an earthquake? Used to describe both sudden slip on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slip Caused by volcanic or magmatic activity, Caused by other sudden stress changes in the earth.

Three Types of Faults Strike-Slip Thrust Normal Three types of faults
Form depending on type of plate motion and complex reaction of earth’s lithospheric blocks Strike-slip Normal Thrust Normal

What causes earthquakes?
Tectonic plates move past each other causing stress. Stress causes the rock to deform Plastic deformation – does not cause earthquakes Elastic deformation – rock stretches then reaches a breaking point, releasing energy.

Elastic Rebound – deformed rock goes back to its original shape

Focus –. point inside the Earth where an
Focus – point inside the Earth where an earthquake begins Epicenter – point on Earth’s surface above focus

How Seismographs Work the pendulum remains fixed as the ground moves beneath it

Typical Seismogram

Primary Waves (P Waves)
A type of seismic wave that compresses and expands the ground The first wave to arrive at an earthquake

Secondary Waves (S Waves)
A type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side

Comparing Seismic Waves

Surface Waves Move along the Earth’s surface
Produces motion in the upper crust Motion can be up and down Motion can be around Motion can be back and forth Travel more slowly than S and P waves More destructive

How do scientists calculate how far a location is from the epicenter of an earthquake?
Scientists calculate the difference between arrival times of the P waves and S waves The further away an earthquake is, the greater the time between the arrival of the P waves and the S waves

Locating Earthquakes

Locating Earthquakes

Locating Earthquakes

How are Earthquakes Measured? Richter Scale

How are Earthquakes Measured? Mercalli Intensity Scale
Click Link for Interactive Demo

Earthquake Waves & Earth’s Interior

Seismic Waves in the Earth

Tsunamis

Formation of a tsunami

Tsunami Warning System

Similar presentations

Ads by Google