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Plate Tectonics Liz LaRosa for use with my 5th Grade Science Class http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Plate Tectonics Liz LaRosa for use with my 5th Grade Science Class http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plate Tectonics Liz LaRosa for use with my 5th Grade Science Class 2009

2 Earth’s Layers The Earth's rocky outer crust solidified billions of years ago, soon after the Earth formed. This crust is not a solid shell; it is broken up into huge, thick plates that drift atop the soft, underlying mantle.

3 The Crust Outermost layer 5 – 100 km thick
Made of Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum

4 The Mantle Layer of Earth between the crust and the core
Contains most of the Earth’s mass Has more magnesium and less aluminum and silicon than the crust Is denser than the crust

5 The Core Below the mantle and to the center of the Earth
Believed to be mostly Iron, smaller amounts of Nickel, almost no Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum, or Magnesium

6 Tectonic Plates

7 Plate Tectonics Greek – “tektonikos” of a builder
Pieces of the lithosphere that move around Each plate has a name Fit together like jigsaw puzzles Float on top of mantle similar to ice cubes in a bowl of water

8 Continental Drift Alfred Wegener 1900’s
Continents were once a single land mass that drifted apart. Fossils of the same plants and animals are found on different continents Called this supercontinent Pangea, Greek for “all Earth” 245 Million years ago Split again – Laurasia & Gondwana 180 million years ago

9 Evidence of Pangea

10 Sea Floor Spreading

11 Sea Floor Spreading Mid Ocean Ridges – underwater mountain chains that run through the Earth’s Basins Magma rises to the surface and solidifies and new crust forms Older Crust is pushed farther away from the ridge

12 How Plates Move

13 Different Types of Boundaries

14 Divergent Boundary – Arabian and African Plates
Arabian Plate Red Sea African Plate

15 Divergent Boundary – Iceland

16 Divergent Boundary - Oceanic

17 Divergent Boundary - Continental

18 Convergent Boundary – Indian and Eurasian Plates
Indian Plate

19 Convergent Boundary – Oceanic & Continental
&

20 Convergent Boundary – Oceanic & Oceanic
Note – plates are reversed &

21 Convergent Boundaries - Continental
&

22 Transform Boundary – San Andreas Fault

23 Review Name the 3 main layers of the Earth What is a tectonic plate?
What was Pangea? What is Sea-Floor spreading? Name the three different types of plate boundaries and one location on Earth for each one


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