Presentation on theme: "Terminator Technology or: how to create a problem"— Presentation transcript:
1 Terminator Technology or: how to create a problem Sandra BlessinBUKO Agrar KoordinationBerlin,
2 Overview Introduction What is Terminator Technology? DefinitionHow does it workImpacts and risksShort historyThe ban-terminator activities in Germany 2005/ 2006The transcontainer project, COP9 and possible activities
3 definition Problems: German campaign definition: no official definition in the CBD textDifferent components and aimsGerman campaign definition:Terminator Technology is a genetic modification of organisms which eliminates or reduces the germination capacity of the following seed generation. Usually the terminator gene sequence can be activated through a on or off mechanism.
4 definition Our definition includes 4 components: GMOGermination reduces or eliminatedSterile seedsinducibleCBD: genetic use restriction technologies (GURTs)FAO: Biotechnology-based switch mechanism to restrict the unauthorized use of genetic material
5 how does it work?The Terminator Technology is basically a genetically engineered suicide mechanism that can be triggered on or off by aspecific outside stimulus (the inducer). The preferred inducer is Tetracycline (antibiotic). As the result the seeds of the next generation will self destruct by self-poisoning.Usually there are 3 genes inserted. All can fail. The reliabilty of the hole construct is 80 % (estimated by R. Steinbrecher)
6 How Terminator works in theory (Overview from Dr. R. Steinbrecher) apply inducerfor example Tetracycline, heat etc.molecularScissorsbelimination of repressorRRmolecularScissorsproduction from RibonucleasetoxintoxinaPro-moter
7 impacts and risks Reliability for biosafety: enough for use restriction but as an affective measure to avoid GMO contamination not enoughUse restriction:negation of farmers´rightsundermining of food sovereigntydanger for food securitybiodiversity loss
8 short history1998/1999international protest against a Terminator patent from Delta and Pine2000De facto moratorium on the COP5 of CBD: recommendation that ..”products incorporating such technology should not be approved by parties for field testing until appropiate scientific data can justify such testing… „2005Canadian Government tries to weaken the moratorium by stressing biosafety function of Terminator Technology. They try to get a case by case assessmentJanuary 2006Granada: ad-hoc working group on Art. 8j CBD accept a recommendation paper for Curitiba with “case by case assessment”March 2006Curitiba: A lot of protest (over all the international Ban Terminator campaign)Result: The moratorium remains without limitation.
9 german ban-terminator activities (in german)Initiated in october 2005 by the BUKO Agrar KoordinationActivities:position paper with 35 signing organizationsPress conferencePublic work: Articles in german newspaper, TVParticipation in Granada demonstrationHandover from 2359 signatures to the German ParliamentAction in front of Canadian EmbassyLettres to EU members of parliamentMeeting with the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety (BVL), institution for GMO authorization because of “Transcontainer-project”
10 signing organizations (1) „Kein Patent auf Leben!“Aktion 3. Welt SaarArbeitsgemeinschaft bäuerliche Landwirtschaft (AbL.)Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Umweltbeauftragten in der Ev. Kirche in Deutschland (AGU)ATTACAusschuss für den Dienst auf dem Lande in der EKDBiolandBonner AK gegen GentechnologieBrot für die WeltBUKO Agrar KoordinationBUKO-Kampagne gegen BiopiraterieBund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland (BUND)Bund Ökologischer Lebensmittelwirtschaft (BÖLW)Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Evangelische Jugend im ländlichen Raum (BAG ejl)
11 signing organizations (2) Bündnis für die gentechnikfreie Landwirtschaft in Niedersachsen, Bremen und HamburgBürgerinitiative gentechnikfreies Schleswig-HolsteinCoordination gegen Bayer-GefahrenDemeterDreschflegel e.V.Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst (EED)Evangelisches Bildungszentrum HesselbergGen-ethisches NetzwerkGentechnikfreie Regionen in DeutschlandGermanwatchNABUNaturlandÖkologischer ÄrztebundÖkomarktPAN Germany (Pestizid Aktionsnetzwerk)Share e.V.Umweltinstitut MünchenVerein zur Erhaltung der Nutzpflanzenvielfalt (VEN)Zukunftsstiftung Landwirtschaft
12 Handover from 2359 signatures to the German Parliament
14 Other ban-terminator campaigns Ban terminator campaign:Spain : Ecologistas en AccionUnited KingdomCanadaAustralia
15 Result of all campaigns The CBD moratorium remained in the COP8 CBD in CuritibaTwo problems:Not legally bindingCall for new scientific research on Terminator Technology in decision V/5 Nr. 23 and 25.
16 „transcontainer“- project a EU-wide official project executed by 8 European Member StatesOver all: scientific institutions and universities and two private companies: SweTree Technologies AB in Sweden (researching with trees) and the DLF-Trifolium A/S in DenmarkDestination crops: Canola, sugar beet, trees, aubergine and tomatoAim: To enhance the acceptance of GMO.Glasshouse-testing in Sweden an DenmarkTranscontainer-workshop 2008 in Eastern Europe
18 ProjectpartnerPlant Research International B.V., Wageningen, The Netherlands (coordinator) Drs. Kim Boutilier and Ruud de MaagdSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden Prof. Ove NilssonResearch Institute for Vegetable Crops, Montanaso Lombardo, Italy Dr. Giuseppe RotinoVienna University, Campus Vienna Biocenter, Austria Prof. Alisher TouraevUniversity of Milan, Italy Prof. Martin KaterNational University of Ireland, Maynooth, Ireland Prof. Philip J. DixWageningen University, Netherlands Dr. Justus WesselerInstitute of Plant Genetics-Research (CNR-IGV), Perugia, Italy Dr. Sergio ArcioniFederal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety, Berlin, Germany Dr. Detlef BartschUniversity of Plovdiv “Paisii Hilendarski”, Plovdiv, Bulgaria Prof. Ivan MinkovSchenkelaars Biotechnology Consultancy, Leiden, The Netherlands Ir. Piet SchenkelaarsSweTree Technologies AB, Umeå, Sweden Dr. Magnus HertzbergDLF-TRIFOLIUM A/S, Store Heddinge, Denmark Dr. Christian Sig Jensen
19 Fertility confinement of transcontainer Plant Research International B.V., Wageningen, Netherlands; Dr. Kim BoutilierVienna University, Campus Vienna Biocenter, Austria; Prof. Alisher TouraevUniversity of Milan, Italy; Prof. Martin KaterResearch Institute for Vegetable Crops, Montanaso Lombardo, Italy; Dr. Giuseppe RotinoControllable Fertility Objectives To realise a male sterility-based transgene containment system based on amino acid depletion and complementation in oilseed rape and tomato To realise a male sterility-based transgene containment system based on TAF loss of function and complementation in oilseed rape To develop and validate a transgenic containment technique based on the coupling of parthenocarpy to male sterility in tomato (amino acid depletion) and eggplant (TAF loss-of-function)· To evaluate the potential of restorable male sterility strategies as a tool for F1 hybrid breeding in oilseed rape and tomato To implement the two-component ablation system in grasses in preparation for a male sterility-based hybrid system in European forage crops To develop a seed lethal transgene containment system based on Recoverable Block of Function (RBF) in oilseed rape.
20 COP 9 and possible activities Untill now nothing on the Agenda; but new attack from Canada and Australia probablePossible activities:Take care on the MoratoriumMaybe influence on the Moratorium excluding the call for scientific researchWatch carefully the „transcontainer“-project; side-event on COP 9...