Presentation on theme: "Peter Gotsch, University of Karlsruhe, Lab of Planning in a Global Context (GLORA) Geschichte des Eco-Vila / Eco-Habitare Projektes in Karlsruhe Workshop/"— Presentation transcript:
Peter Gotsch, University of Karlsruhe, Lab of Planning in a Global Context (GLORA) Geschichte des Eco-Vila / Eco-Habitare Projektes in Karlsruhe Workshop/ Besuch der Studenten Gruppe von der PUCPR CURITIBA 03 Juli 2007
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 3 Strukture of the Präsentation lIntroduction lKarlsruhe lGermany lRelevance of Eco-Planning lProject Eco-Vila lWebsite/ Documentation
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 4 Who I Am lPeter Gotsch is Architect, Urban Planner, Lecturer and Researcher at the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. lHe is heading the Laboratory for Planning in a Global Context (GLORA). lCurrent research comprises: SHAKTI (Sustainable Holistic Approach and Know-how Tailored to India), PRUDEV (Private Urban Development in Jakarta), las well as PhD research on the Privately Driven New Towns and Neo-Liberalism. lBoard Member of TRIALOG and N-Aerus.
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 11 Two Characteristics of Karlsruhe lThe German City of Karlsruhe is renowned on a world-wide scale for two of its characteristics. lOn one hand we have its fan-like urban structure stemming from the absolutistic worldviews of its founders. lOn the other hand there is the quite recent development of one of the most comprehensive and innovative urban transit systems which connect the central city to a greater urban region.
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 12 Karlsruhe lLocation Upper Rhine Valley lFounded 1715 lAbsolutistic lay Out lSeven fold increase in 1803 (Napoleon) lManufacturing, Services, Administration lProminent East West Axis lFoundation of University: 1825 as Polytechnic School
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 18 Urban Trends in Germany lPopulation shrinks - cities grow lLiving conditions in urban and rural areas become equalised lPopulation increasingly mobile lMigration: 1) east- west 2) city - suburb lOne of the most dense transport systems lConcept of regional decentralisation lAccessibility: Major train station 1 hour lMajor highway 30 minutes lHousing space per head 40m2 l75% urbanised, 50 % in urban agglomerations
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 19 Commuters and Center Systems
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 20 Upper Rhine Valley
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 21 Karlsruhe Today City: 300.000 Inhabitants/ Metropolitain Area 600.000 Inhabitants/ Upper Rhine Valley 10 Mio Inhabitants/ Technological Region
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 23 Dimensions of change global dimensions (globalization) lgrowing interdependence of cities lchanging dimensions of centre and periphery urban dimensions l21 century= urban century lurban growth: 2006 more than 50% of people in cities, new urban types lspace: fractalitazion, homogenization, polarization
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 24 Dimensions of change economic dimensions lpost-industrial (service based) economies ltotal production and consumption of space lderegulation of finance markets technological dimensions lnew information and telecommunications technologies linformational city
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 25 Dimensions of change political dimensions lregions or nation states? lgovernments or companies? cultural dimensions lpost-modern times lchanging structure of society lclash of cultures and civilizations
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 26 Dimensions of change natural and environmental dimensions lglobal warming ldiminution of habitats lfalling number of species lincreased use of non renewable resources lenvironmental pollution civil and societal dimensions lchanging life styles and biographies lchanging identities
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 27 definition of sustainability l sustainable development is a development, that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (brundland Report, 1987) l intergenerational justice
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 29 living structures and energy use l why are cities central objects: for the implementation of sustainability? l 50% of all energy consumed in europe is used to run buildings l 25% of all energy is accounted for by traffic
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 30 Anzahl der Städte in Entwicklungsländern
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 36 Landscape Near Quatro Barras
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 37 Eco-Vila Webpage lThis Website documents the results of a cooperation between the lab for town planning in the global context (GLORA), of the college group Engineers without borders (EWB) at the Universität Karlsruhe as well as the Pontificia Universidade Catlica do Parana (Curitiba). lThe objective was to improve the quality of live for the inhabitants of a poor quarter by the way of a resettlement scheme. lThe resettlement project Building for the Community sought to develop a new housing estate by involving the population. Innovative and recycled materials played an important role. lThe available pages are used for the documentation of model like propositions of an ecological settlement planning and should be seen as a basis for further projects.
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 38 Eco-Vila Webpage lWe sought to develop an ecological low-cost settlement for 25 families in a periphery location before the town gates of Curitiba. lSmall groups (2-4 students) worked on the task of a town urban planning sceme or with a focus on the building structure. lThe specific character of a simulation game was the particular feature of this design exercise. Three types of cards were offered: la) Cards with handicaps to the ecological livelihoods (i.e. recycling or urban agriculture or l tourism) lb) Cards with risk factors (i.e. storm, high water, earth quakes etc.) lc) Cards with handicaps for the building-material and kind of construction (i.e. bamboo-, clay- or brick construction)
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 50 Minimierung von Flächenversiegelung Erhalt der natürlichen Leistungsfähigkeit des Bodens, Minimierung der Bodenbewegung, -verdichtung. Das Schmutzwasser, das auf der nahe liegenden Autobahn anfällt wird in einem Mulden-Rigolen-System gefiltert und gereinigt dem Boden zugeführt Phase 3: Gesundheit - Boden
03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 51 Phase 3: Minimierung von Flächenversiegelung -> geringe Pfützenbildung -> weniger Krankheitserreger Anschluss an das Abwassersystem Regenwasser wird gesammelt. Jedes Haus wir mit einem aus Abfallprodukten (PET Flaschen, Schlauch) hergestellten Solarkollektor ausgestattet. Phase 3: Gesundheit - Wasser