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Peter Gotsch, University of Karlsruhe, Lab of Planning in a Global Context (GLORA) Geschichte des Eco-Vila / Eco-Habitare Projektes in Karlsruhe Workshop/

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Presentation on theme: "Peter Gotsch, University of Karlsruhe, Lab of Planning in a Global Context (GLORA) Geschichte des Eco-Vila / Eco-Habitare Projektes in Karlsruhe Workshop/"— Presentation transcript:

1 Peter Gotsch, University of Karlsruhe, Lab of Planning in a Global Context (GLORA) Geschichte des Eco-Vila / Eco-Habitare Projektes in Karlsruhe Workshop/ Besuch der Studenten Gruppe von der PUCPR CURITIBA 03 Juli 2007

2 Introduction

3 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 3 Strukture of the Präsentation lIntroduction lKarlsruhe lGermany lRelevance of Eco-Planning lProject Eco-Vila lWebsite/ Documentation

4 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 4 Who I Am lPeter Gotsch is Architect, Urban Planner, Lecturer and Researcher at the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. lHe is heading the Laboratory for Planning in a Global Context (GLORA). lCurrent research comprises: SHAKTI (Sustainable Holistic Approach and Know-how Tailored to India), PRUDEV (Private Urban Development in Jakarta), las well as PhD research on the Privately Driven New Towns and Neo-Liberalism. lBoard Member of TRIALOG and N-Aerus.


6 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 6 Peter & Fernando

7 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 7 Lab for Planning in a Global Context (GLORA)

8 Karlsruhe

9 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 9 Karlsruhe

10 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 10 Karlsruhe

11 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 11 Two Characteristics of Karlsruhe lThe German City of Karlsruhe is renowned on a world-wide scale for two of its characteristics. lOn one hand we have its fan-like urban structure stemming from the absolutistic worldviews of its founders. lOn the other hand there is the quite recent development of one of the most comprehensive and innovative urban transit systems which connect the central city to a greater urban region.

12 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 12 Karlsruhe lLocation Upper Rhine Valley lFounded 1715 lAbsolutistic lay Out lSeven fold increase in 1803 (Napoleon) lManufacturing, Services, Administration lProminent East West Axis lFoundation of University: 1825 as Polytechnic School

13 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 13 Karlsruhe Today

14 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 14 Pedestrian Zone Karlsruhe

15 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 15 LRT- Network

16 Germany

17 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 17 Basic Indicators compared IndiaBrazilGermany Population (Millions)104882,5 Urban Population (%)28,187,9 GNI/Capita (USD)47022,740 Energy/Capita (kg oil eq)5154,264 Passenger Cars/0006516 Access to Sanitation (%pop)28.. - Rural (% rural pop))15.. - Urban (% urban pop)61.. Education expenditure (%GNI)3.24.4 c/ World Bank/ 2004

18 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 18 Urban Trends in Germany lPopulation shrinks - cities grow lLiving conditions in urban and rural areas become equalised lPopulation increasingly mobile lMigration: 1) east- west 2) city - suburb lOne of the most dense transport systems lConcept of regional decentralisation lAccessibility: Major train station 1 hour lMajor highway 30 minutes lHousing space per head 40m2 l75% urbanised, 50 % in urban agglomerations

19 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 19 Commuters and Center Systems

20 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 20 Upper Rhine Valley

21 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 21 Karlsruhe Today City: 300.000 Inhabitants/ Metropolitain Area 600.000 Inhabitants/ Upper Rhine Valley 10 Mio Inhabitants/ Technological Region

22 Relevance of Eco- Design&Planning

23 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 23 Dimensions of change global dimensions (globalization) lgrowing interdependence of cities lchanging dimensions of centre and periphery urban dimensions l21 century= urban century lurban growth: 2006 more than 50% of people in cities, new urban types lspace: fractalitazion, homogenization, polarization

24 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 24 Dimensions of change economic dimensions lpost-industrial (service based) economies ltotal production and consumption of space lderegulation of finance markets technological dimensions lnew information and telecommunications technologies linformational city

25 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 25 Dimensions of change political dimensions lregions or nation states? lgovernments or companies? cultural dimensions lpost-modern times lchanging structure of society lclash of cultures and civilizations

26 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 26 Dimensions of change natural and environmental dimensions lglobal warming ldiminution of habitats lfalling number of species lincreased use of non renewable resources lenvironmental pollution civil and societal dimensions lchanging life styles and biographies lchanging identities

27 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 27 definition of sustainability l sustainable development is a development, that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (brundland Report, 1987) l intergenerational justice

28 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 28 dimensions for sustainability lenvironmental sustainability leconomic sustainability lsocial sustainability lpolitical sustainability? lspatial sustainability?

29 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 29 living structures and energy use l why are cities central objects: for the implementation of sustainability? l 50% of all energy consumed in europe is used to run buildings l 25% of all energy is accounted for by traffic

30 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 30 Anzahl der Städte in Entwicklungsländern

31 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 31 Megastädte 1950, 2000, 2015

32 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 32 Ausdehnung von Megastädten (c/ Bertraud)

33 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 33 Population Growth in the 3rd World l Total Country2% l Urban3% l Large Cities4% l Slums9% l Slums in Large Cities30% c/ Khosla/ 2005

34 Eco-Vila


36 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 36 Landscape Near Quatro Barras

37 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 37 Eco-Vila Webpage lThis Website documents the results of a cooperation between the lab for town planning in the global context (GLORA), of the college group Engineers without borders (EWB) at the Universität Karlsruhe as well as the Pontificia Universidade Catlica do Parana (Curitiba). lThe objective was to improve the quality of live for the inhabitants of a poor quarter by the way of a resettlement scheme. lThe resettlement project Building for the Community sought to develop a new housing estate by involving the population. Innovative and recycled materials played an important role. lThe available pages are used for the documentation of model like propositions of an ecological settlement planning and should be seen as a basis for further projects.

38 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 38 Eco-Vila Webpage lWe sought to develop an ecological low-cost settlement for 25 families in a periphery location before the town gates of Curitiba. lSmall groups (2-4 students) worked on the task of a town urban planning sceme or with a focus on the building structure. lThe specific character of a simulation game was the particular feature of this design exercise. Three types of cards were offered: la) Cards with handicaps to the ecological livelihoods (i.e. recycling or urban agriculture or l tourism) lb) Cards with risk factors (i.e. storm, high water, earth quakes etc.) lc) Cards with handicaps for the building-material and kind of construction (i.e. bamboo-, clay- or brick construction)

39 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 39

40 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 40 Bamboo Forest Economy (Kristina Barkowski)

41 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 41

42 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 42

43 02/200743

44 02/200744 Phase 3: Modulare Struktur – Städtebauliches Szenario Industrie Naturschutzgebiet

45 02/200745

46 02/200746

47 02/200747

48 02/200748 Phase 3: Modulare Struktur – Die Gebäude

49 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 49 Lehmsteine-adobe

50 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 50 Minimierung von Flächenversiegelung Erhalt der natürlichen Leistungsfähigkeit des Bodens, Minimierung der Bodenbewegung, -verdichtung. Das Schmutzwasser, das auf der nahe liegenden Autobahn anfällt wird in einem Mulden-Rigolen-System gefiltert und gereinigt dem Boden zugeführt Phase 3: Gesundheit - Boden

51 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 51 Phase 3: Minimierung von Flächenversiegelung -> geringe Pfützenbildung -> weniger Krankheitserreger Anschluss an das Abwassersystem Regenwasser wird gesammelt. Jedes Haus wir mit einem aus Abfallprodukten (PET Flaschen, Schlauch) hergestellten Solarkollektor ausgestattet. Phase 3: Gesundheit - Wasser

52 Website

53 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 53 Eco-Vila Webpage

54 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 54 Eco-Vila Webpage

55 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 55 Eco-Vila Webpage

56 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 56 Eco-Vila Webpage

57 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 57 Eco-Vila Webpage

58 Multo Obrigado

59 03-July-07pucpr workshop karlsruhe 59

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