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M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Michael Winkler Formerly: member of BVSS (Germany), LV Sächsische Stotterer-Selbsthilfe (LVSS - Saxony) Stottererselbsthilfe.

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Presentation on theme: "M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Michael Winkler Formerly: member of BVSS (Germany), LV Sächsische Stotterer-Selbsthilfe (LVSS - Saxony) Stottererselbsthilfe."— Presentation transcript:

1 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Michael Winkler Formerly: member of BVSS (Germany), LV Sächsische Stotterer-Selbsthilfe (LVSS - Saxony) Stottererselbsthilfe Dresden (Self-helping group for People who Stutter) Now: Network of People who Stutter 2ème Congres Africain Sur Le Begaiement/ 2nd African Congress on Stuttering Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) October 27-30, 2008 Stuttering – Problem or Challenge for People who Stutter and Society? Thoughts about the Role of People who Stutter in the Society Saxony Dresden Drežďany Dresde Pictures: Some notes before the start: The presentation contains 23 slides, but only 8 will be shown, the other ones are made invisible but can be checked in the view modus or can be made active. For this presentation you can use the audio file made for the 2nd African Conference on Stuttering in Ouagadougou in October 2008 and which is about 17 minutes long. If you wanna start this PPS delete this frame, press the F5-button to start it and start the audio file (before or now) … In two or three cases I forgot to mention to press the button, e.g. when some further parts of the slide will be shown … anyway, you will figure it out … it is easy to find … So far, so good … Enjoy the Show and you will find my address at the end of it. Michael Winkler – October 2008, Dresden

2 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Michael Winkler Member of BVSS, LV Sächsische Stotterer-Selbsthilfe (LVSS) Stottererselbsthilfe Dresden (Self-helping group for People who Stutter) PRO VOCE – Gesellschaft für Kommunikation und Sprache e.V. 12th BSA National Conference, Telford September 9, 2007 Stuttering – Problem or Challenge for People who Stutter and Society? Thoughts about the Role of People who Stutter in the Society Saxony Dresden Drežďany Dresde Pictures:

3 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Short Introduction … Who I am? Michael Winkler born 1975 in Karl-Marx-Stadt (today Chemnitz) – former GDR born 1975 in Karl-Marx-Stadt (today Chemnitz) – former GDR in 1982 – first class – a teacher told me that I stuttered in 1982 – first class – a teacher told me that I stuttered several speech therapists, no stationary treatment/therapy – much of self therapy several speech therapists, no stationary treatment/therapy – much of self therapy Author of some articles in the Kieselstein (journal of the BVSS – Association for PWS in Germany) Author of some articles in the Kieselstein (journal of the BVSS – Association for PWS in Germany) Interests: Public Relations (lectures, radio, TV -> plans for future) Causes & psychological reasons of stuttering, meaning of stuttering Interests: Public Relations (lectures, radio, TV -> plans for future) Causes & psychological reasons of stuttering, meaning of stuttering presently PhD student at the TU Dresden (Cartography) presently PhD student at the TU Dresden (Cartography) consider myself as almost cured (healed) consider myself as almost cured (healed) in German TV,

4 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Index of the Presentation The Stuttering Person and Society (Self-perception, problems in self-helping groups) The Stuttering Person and Society (Self-perception, problems in self-helping groups) Going back: What actually is Stuttering? Going back: What actually is Stuttering? Positive (and negative) Aspects – Advantages (and Disadvantages) – of Stuttering Positive (and negative) Aspects – Advantages (and Disadvantages) – of Stuttering (Famous PWS, Stuttering as a Path, Stuttering as an Indicator etc.) Chief Cause Fear? … (if time allows) Chief Cause Fear? … (if time allows) Practical things … Questions & Discussion Practical things … Questions & Discussion Stammering & Stuttering German stammeln not knowing what to say stottern not being able to say what one wants to say mental challenge ? psychic challenge ?

5 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 The Stuttering Person and Society The Stuttering Person as Human Being Human Being Being with a multitude of capabilities & characteristics Stutterer, stuttering person or stuttering human being? Stuttering

6 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Human Being Stuttering 1. As what/who do I consider myself? 2. How does the society look at me as a PWS? The Stuttering Person and Society The Human Being as Stuttering Person Being with a multitude of capabilities & characteristics

7 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 THE TWO PHASES (Faces) OF STUTTERING Acceptance Degree of Cure What is (does) Cure (mean)? Healing / Curing?

8 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 The Society and I (the PWS) Stutterer/ Stuttering Person/ Human Being Society Positive Change of Consciousness Therapy, SHG, etc. Interface Acceptance Public Relations & Awareness raising Feeling of Isolation? Disturbed Acceptance? Disturbed SELF-perception? Not enough (own) PR? Too little (own) Acceptance? No direct Influence/Power Using ideas from the PR branch – Edward L. Bernays Propaganda (1928) Modern business must have its finger continuously on the public pulse. It must understand the changes in the public mind and be prepared to interpret itself fairly and eloquently to changing opinion. Chapter Business and the Public, p. 107 Civilization is limited by inertia. Chapter Propaganda and Social Service, p. 147 Internet-Download: Edward L. Bernays ( )

9 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Definitions – What is Stuttering? Stuttering [(lat. balbuties)], also known as stammering in the United Kingdom, is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases; and involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the stutterer is unable to produce sounds. Stuttering [(lat. balbuties)], also known as stammering in the United Kingdom, is a speech disorder in which the flow of speech is disrupted by involuntary repetitions and prolongations of sounds, syllables, words or phrases; and involuntary silent pauses or blocks in which the stutterer is unable to produce sounds. Definition according to Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuttering) Stuttering is another way to speak. Stuttering is another way to speak. Stuttering is a corrective for the unconscious use and conscious misuse of speaking in the societal life; … [just like not being able to talk for mute people.] Stuttering is a corrective for the unconscious use and conscious misuse of speaking in the societal life; … [just like not being able to talk for mute people.] own definition WHY? Causes (passive) - PAST Meaning, Use (active) - FUTURE What am I doing right here, right now? - PRESENT We can understand life only backwards but must live it forwards. Søren Aabye Kierkegaard ( ) Danish philosopher, theologian and writer

10 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Famous PWS … Moses, Aristoteles, Demosthenes, Claudius, I. Newton, T. Jefferson, L. Carroll, C. Darwin, F. Kafka, M. Monroe, Scatman John, J. Updike, B. Willis (healed), R. Atkinson (Mr. Bean), J. Roberts, N. Gallagher (Oasis), G. Gates … Successful despite or because of their stuttering? Positive & negative Aspects of Stuttering

11 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Famous PWS … Moses, Aristoteles, Demosthenes, Claudius, I. Newton, T. Jefferson, L. Carroll, C. Darwin, F. Kafka, M. Monroe, Scatman John, J. Updike, B. Willis (geheilt), R. Atkinson (Mr. Bean), J. Roberts, N. Gallagher (Oasis), G. Gates … Successful despite or because of their stuttering? Positive (& negative) Aspects of Stuttering – Advantages and Disadvantages Nicht jeder Zwerg wird ein Feldheer und nicht jeder Stotterer ein Großmeister der Sprache. Aber Stotterer und Zwerge sind stärker als Schöne und Gesunde motiviert, eine geniale Begabung in die geniale Leistung umzusetzen. Wolf Schneider (*1925) German Author & Journalist

12 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Better listeners? Better listeners? Fear of exams mainly focussed on speech? Bonus of pity/sympathy? Fear of exams mainly focussed on speech? Bonus of pity/sympathy? easier to get a withdrawal from (army) service? easier to get a withdrawal from (army) service? sympathetic (showing weaknesses), cute, charming, sexy (!?) sympathetic (showing weaknesses), cute, charming, sexy (!?) better self-perception and analysis? better self-perception and analysis? watches his/her fellow men more intensive (but interprets the information wrongly – not advantageously – very often) watches his/her fellow men more intensive (but interprets the information wrongly – not advantageously – very often) Stuttering as sign post? … (Where fear is, there is the path …) Stuttering as sign post? … (Where fear is, there is the path …) easier self-search and – in the end – self-discovery? easier self-search and – in the end – self-discovery? stop of thoughts – involuntarily into a meditative situation? stop of thoughts – involuntarily into a meditative situation? Rolandisches Operculum – malfunction or advancement? Rolandisches Operculum – malfunction or advancement? Positive (& negative) Aspects of Stuttering – Advantages and Disadvantages

13 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Hauptproblem (Hauptursache?) ANGST Wenn ich alle die Gefühle und ihren qualvollen Widerstreit auf ein Grundgefühl zurückführen und mit einem einzigen Namen bezeichnen sollte, so wüßte ich kein anderes Wort als: Angst. Angst war es, Angst und Unsicherheit, was ich in allen jenen Stunden des gestörten Kinderglücks empfand: Angst vor Strafe, Angst vor dem eigenen Gewissen, Angst vor Regungen meiner Seele, die ich als verboten und verbrecherisch empfand. Hermann Hesse ( ) dt. Schriftsteller, Literatur-Nobelpreisträger aus Hermann Hesse, Kinderseele (um 1919), zitiert nach Alice Miller (*1923), Das Drama des begabten Kindes (1979)

14 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Fear can appear in various and sometimes very subtle forms self-perception (and honesty/sincerity) important Fear can appear in various and sometimes very subtle forms self-perception (and honesty/sincerity) important Fear of Fear of - illness and death question Am I feeling too good? - unemployment too much work - boredom (negative) stress - being lonesome too much closeness - getting fat getting slim (fear of starving ) - speaking not speaking (fear of silence even) Aim: Equilibrium - Balance Aim: Equilibrium - Balance Fear and Stuttering First of all I believe that nothing is impossible, and at the same time I could question everything. What is Perfect balance ? … A perfect yogi can have strong imagination and equally strong reason. Sri Aurobindo ( ) Indian revolutionary, writer, philosopher, mystic There is no courage without fear.

15 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Practical things & … techniques to modify your speech & speaking (soft use of voice, voluntary stuttering, etc. – e.g. van Riper, Hausdörfer, Richter) techniques to modify your speech & speaking (soft use of voice, voluntary stuttering, etc. – e.g. van Riper, Hausdörfer, Richter) reduction of fear by PR work / awareness raising (information booth, InVivo exercises such as surveys, using the radio etc. – W. Wendlandt) reduction of fear by PR work / awareness raising (information booth, InVivo exercises such as surveys, using the radio etc. – W. Wendlandt) Literature (about stuttering, psychology, sociology, philosophy, fiction, esoteric books, etc.) Literature (about stuttering, psychology, sociology, philosophy, fiction, esoteric books, etc.) Going abroad (getting away from the known social environment) Going abroad (getting away from the known social environment) Breathing- and relaxation exercises, Yoga (asanas, meditation), Biomeditation, Alternative medicine, family constellations, etc. Breathing- and relaxation exercises, Yoga (asanas, meditation), Biomeditation, Alternative medicine, family constellations, etc. Diet (food, vegetarian/non-vegetarian, much meat etc.) – Awareness of several aspects of life Diet (food, vegetarian/non-vegetarian, much meat etc.) – Awareness of several aspects of life Not forgetting:DISTANCE to the things (letting go) focus on SUCCESSES HUMOUR (laughing about oneself) LOVE for yourself and others Not forgetting:DISTANCE to the things (letting go) focus on SUCCESSES HUMOUR (laughing about oneself) LOVE for yourself and others Love, work and knowledge are the well-springs of our life. They should also govern it. Wilhelm Reich ( ) Austrian researcher (physics, psychoanalysis, Freudomarxism, etc.) Making a survey on stuttering, 2006

16 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Stuttering person Family Society … and again (own) Theory … The Human Being and Society Stuttering person Family Society Gesell- schaft Familie Stuttering person Family Society Stuttering Person & Family & Society Dissolving the borders Individualisation (Ego) Capitalism Emancipation, etc. Collectivization Tradition etc. Urbanisation Transition Matriarchy/ Patriarchy, etc. Collectivization so-called Socialism (failed so far) new form of Society Separation (Ego)

17 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Last but not least … At the Beginning of the 21th Century technical changes changing human beings e.g. Telephone (flatrate), radio, television, Internet technical changes changing human beings e.g. Telephone (flatrate), radio, television, Internet Transformation of the Labour world e.g. so-called unemployment, basic income Transformation of the Labour world e.g. so-called unemployment, basic income … How do I change myself/get I changed? Will I be changed at all? Advantages/Disadvantages? Challenges & chances for people who stutter?

18 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 General thoughts and questions … for making me and you think What structure of organisation is the most efficient in order to work on stuttering? Verein ( reg. association) – initiative – (loose) network? What structure of organisation is the most efficient in order to work on stuttering? Verein ( reg. association) – initiative – (loose) network? Verein – pros & cons? (Vereins-)family as support or cage/island? Verein – pros & cons? (Vereins-)family as support or cage/island? Initiatives and networks in their work too inconstant/irregular? Initiatives and networks in their work too inconstant/irregular? How to apply for finances not being a Verein (association)? How to apply for finances not being a Verein (association)? How to maintain (ones own) motivation without being discouraged and losing energy due to bureaucracy and/or Vereinsmeierei and/or egoisms of members (e.g. self-promotion)? How to maintain (ones own) motivation without being discouraged and losing energy due to bureaucracy and/or Vereinsmeierei and/or egoisms of members (e.g. self-promotion)? What role does money play at all? What role does money play at all? How can one do self help work with little money? How can one do self help work with little money? How can everyone find her/his optimal way of self help? How can everyone find her/his optimal way of self help? … many more question for the future … many more question for the future

19 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Example for a Awareness Raising Campagne I stuttered.

20 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Campagne Bundeskongress 2008 Dresden Ideen für das Motto des Bundeskongresses 2008 WO DIE ANGST IST, DA IST DER WEG. ICH LIEBE MEIN STOTTERN, DENN ES ZEIGT MIR MEINEN WEG. IST STOTTERN GESELLSCHAFTSFÄHIG?

21 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Last but not least … some quotations We dont teach values, we live them. Wir lehren keine Werte, wir leben sie. Original author unknown We cant teach what we dont know. Wir können nicht lehren, was wir nicht wissen. (www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3626/is_200007/ai_n )

22 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Tel.: (Dresden) Further documents (about half of them in English): Presentation can be sent with an , and also forwarded to interested people Copyleft Thank you very much for your attention … Questions? – Feel free to write … Life is worth being lived but not worth being discussed all the time. Isabelle Adjani (* 1955) French actress

23 M. Winkler Ouagadougou Oct 2008 Sources & Copyright/Copyleft F 1 &Aristoteles: F 9Demosthenes: Isaac Newton: Lewis Carroll: Charles Darwin: (altes Bild) Franz Kafka: Marilyn Monroe: Winston Churchill: Julia Roberts: Rowan Atkinson (Mr. Bean): Noel Gallagher (Oasis): F 1 &Aristoteles: F 9Demosthenes: Isaac Newton: Lewis Carroll: Charles Darwin: (altes Bild) Franz Kafka: Marilyn Monroe: Winston Churchill: Julia Roberts: Rowan Atkinson (Mr. Bean): Noel Gallagher (Oasis): F 1 F 1http://trabant.shocauto.com/images/U2_Trabant_concert1.jpg; F 7Book Bernays Propaganda: Edward L. Bernays: F 7Book Bernays Propaganda: Edward L. Bernays: F 8Søren Aabye Kierkegaard: F 8Søren Aabye Kierkegaard: F 9Wolf Schneider: (altes Bild) F 9Wolf Schneider: (altes Bild)www.wolf-schneider-sprachseminar.de F 11Hermann Hesse: F 11Hermann Hesse: F 13Felsen: Yin & Yang: F 13Felsen: Yin & Yang: F 15TV show: F 15TV show: Wilhelm Reich: F 19Marilyn Monroe: F 19Marilyn Monroe: F 22Isabelle Adjani: F 22Isabelle Adjani: All other images were designed and generated by the author.


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